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Pacific ENSO Update

2nd Quarter, 2010 Vol. 16 No. 2


The 3-month average of the Southern Oscillation Index for the 1st Quarter of 2010 was -1.7, with monthly values of –1.5, -2.1 and –1.4 for the months of January, February, and March 2010, respectively. These recent, persistently negative Southern Oscillation Index values are historically consistent with a moderate-strength El Niño.

*Note: Normally, positive SOI values in excess of +1.0 are associated with La Niña conditions, and negative SOI values below -1.0 are associated with El Niño conditions. Low SOI values suggest a weak coupling between the ocean and the atmosphere. The SOI is an index representing the normalized sea-level pressure difference between Darwin, Australia and Tahiti, respectively. The historical record of the SOI from 1866 to present was calculated based on the method given by Ropelewski and Jones (1987). The complete table can be found at

Standardized Southern Oscillation Index

Pacific ENSO Applications Climate (PEAC) Center
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Page Last Modified: August 04 2011 22:27:11 GMT


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