Drought Information Statement Archive


DARBY SOAKS PORTIONS OF THE STATE

1234 PM HST FRI AUG 5 2016


SYNOPSIS...

TROPICAL STORM DARBY MADE A DIRECT IMPACT ON THE BIG ISLAND ON
JULY 23 THEN MOVED NORTHWESTWARD AND PASSED THROUGH THE KAUAI
CHANNEL ON JULY 24. FLASH FLOODING OCCURRED IN LOCALIZED AREAS OF
THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI...AND IN SEVERAL AREAS ON THE EAST HALF
OF OAHU. SOME OF THE RAINFALL FROM DARBY FELL OVER EXISTING
DROUGHT AREAS AND PROVIDED SOME RELIEF. THIS INCLUDES THE AREA OF EXTREME
DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...NEAR SOUTH POINT ON THE BIG ISLAND...WHICH IMPROVED TO
SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY. SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL OVER
MAUI COUNTY FROM DARBY DID NOT AFFECT THE EXISTING SEVERE DROUGHT
COVERAGE IN THE KIHEI...WAILEA AND MAALAEA AREAS...BUT IT DID
HELP ELIMINATE DROUGHT OVER PORTIONS OF WEST MOLOKAI.

ELSEWHERE...EXTREME DROUGHT IN THE POHAKULOA AREA OF THE BIG
ISLAND WAS UPGRADED GRADUALLY TO D1...OR MODERATE DROUGHT...DURING
JULY DUE TO THE WETTER THAN NORMAL SPRING. MODERATE DROUGHT ON
KAUAI HAS REDUCED IN SIZE BUT STUBBORNLY HANGS ON IN THE HANAPEPE
AND WAIMEA AREAS. THE SMALL SECTION OF MODERATE DROUGHT NEAR
NANAKULI IN WEST OAHU WAS ELIMINATED IN EARLY AUGUST.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
MOST AREAS OF KAUAI APPEAR TO BE FINE BUT LOCAL REPORTS INDICATED
THAT VEGETATION IN THE HANAPEPE AND WAIMEA AREAS ARE DRY AND IN
NEED OF RAINFALL.

OAHU.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
OBSERVATIONS FROM THE USDA AND NOAA INDICATED THAT VEGETATION
CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED OVER PORTIONS OF WEST MOLOKAI BUT REMAIN
DRY OVER THE SOUTHERN SLOPES FROM HALE O LONO EASTWARD TO KAWELA.

MAUI.
RANCHERS INDICATED THAT RAINFALL FROM TROPICAL STORM DARBY DID NOT PROVIDE
MUCH RELIEF FOR THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA CURRENTLY UNDER
DROUGHT CONDITIONS.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN IMPROVING
OVER THE PAST MONTH IN MOST AREAS. TROPICAL STORM DARBY BROUGHT
MUCH NEEDED RAINFALL TO THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE KAU DISTRICT
BUT FOLLOW-UP RAINFALL IS NEEDED TO CONTINUE THE IMPROVEMENT
TREND. VERY LITTLE RAINFALL HAS OCCURRED OVER THE EXISTING DROUGHT
AREA NEAR SOUTH POINT SINCE DARBY MOVED THROUGH SO CONTINUED
RECOVERY IS NOT YET ASSURED.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS
ARE PRESENT IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. LA NINA IS STILL FAVORED TO
DEVELOP IN LATE SUMMER OR EARLY FALL OF 2016 BUT THE PROBABILITIES
OF THIS OCCURRING HAVE BEEN REDUCED IN RECENT WEEKS.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JULY 21 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER SHOWED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION DURING THE LATE SUMMER AND EARLY FALL
FOR WINDWARD LOCATIONS BUT BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION FOR LEEWARD
SITES. TEMPERATURE PROBABILITIES FAVOR ABOVE AVERAGE CONDITIONS
INTO THE FALL AND WINTER SEASONS. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL
BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON AUGUST 18.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT ALL OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE
NORMAL TO HIGH RANGE. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO BE IN
THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE THROUGH THE FALL.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON SEPTEMBER 8
2016 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES INCLUDING
THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S. AND STATE
OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY AND
THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$



DROUGHT IMPACTS REDUCED TO LOCALIZED AREAS IN THE STATE

948 AM HST FRI JUL 8 2016


SYNOPSIS...

A WETTER THAN NORMAL SPRING ACROSS MANY AREAS OF THE STATE HAS
CONTINUED TO REDUCE DROUGHT IMPACTS HEADING INTO THE HEART OF THE
DRY SEASON. DROUGHT COVERAGE ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP WENT
FROM 46 PERCENT IN EARLY JUNE TO 21 PERCENT IN THE BEGINNING OF
JULY. UNFORTUNATELY THERE ARE STILL A FEW STUBBORN POCKETS OF
SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT CONDITIONS THAT REMAIN ON PORTIONS OF THE BIG
ISLAND AND MAUI. THIS INCLUDES SMALL AREAS OF EXTREME
DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...IN THE POHAKULOA AND SOUTH POINT AREAS OF THE BIG
ISLAND...AND SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...ON THE
KIHEI...WAILEA AND MAALAEA AREAS OF MAUI.

ELSEWHERE ACROSS THE STATE...MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1
CATEGORY...LINGERED OVER SMALL SECTIONS OF LEEWARD KAUAI NEAR
HANAPEPE AND WAIMEA...LEEWARD OAHU NEAR LUALUALEI AND
WAIANAE...AND LEEWARD MOLOKAI WEST OF KAUNAKAKAI.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE LAST REPORT. VEGETATION
CONDITIONS REMAIN STRESSED IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE WAIANAE
AREA.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
A RECENT OBSERVATION FROM THE USDA INDICATED THAT VEGETATION WAS STILL
DRY IN THE WESTERN SIDE OF MOLOKAI WHICH WAS CONSISTENT WITH THE
EXISTING D1 COVERAGE ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP AND
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA.

MAUI.
DRY VEGETATION OVER THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTH MAUI RESULTED IN
A LARGE BRUSH FIRE IN THE MAALAEA AREA. INITIAL ESTIMATES
INDICATED THE AFFECTED AREA TO BE AS HIGH AS 6000 ACRES BUT THE
AMOUNT HAS MORE RECENTLY BEEN REPORTED AS 4700 ACRES. THE FIRE
FORCED THE EVACUATION OF NEARBY HOMES AND TEMPORARILY CLOSED THE
HONOAPIILANI HIGHWAY WHICH IS THE MAIN LINK BETWEEN WEST AND
CENTRAL MAUI.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE KONA SLOPES APPEAR TO BE
IN SATISFACTORY CONDITION FOLLOWING ABOVE AVERAGE SPRING
RAINFALL. HOWEVER...RANCHERS OPERATING IN THE LOWER KAU DISTRICT
NEAR SOUTH POINT HAVE REPORTED VERY LITTLE RAIN AND EXTREMELY DRY
PASTURES. THIS HAS BEEN CONFIRMED IN RECENT PHOTOS OF THE AREA.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS ARE PRESENT IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. LA NINA IS EXPECTED
TO DEVELOP DURING THE SUMMER OF 2016.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JUNE 16 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER SHOWED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR ABOVE
MEDIAN PRECIPITATION DURING THE LATE SUMMER AND EARLY FALL. THIS
PROJECTION IS EXPECTED TO MAINLY AFFECT WINDWARD LOCATIONS AND THE
KONA SLOPES...WITH OTHER LEEWARD AREAS REMAINING DRY. TEMPERATURE
PROBABILITIES FAVOR ABOVE AVERAGE CONDITIONS INTO THE FALL AND
WINTER SEASONS. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON JULY 21.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT ALL OF THE MONITORED
STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE NORMAL TO
WELL ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO
REMAIN IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE ALONG THE WINDWARD
SLOPES THROUGH THE FALL. FLOW LEVELS IN LEEWARD STREAMS ARE
EXPECTED TO DECREASE.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON AUGUST 5
2016 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES INCLUDING
THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S. AND STATE
OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY AND
THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$



MAY RAINFALL EASES DROUGHT IN PORTIONS OF THE STATE

137 PM HST FRI JUN 10 2016


SYNOPSIS...

ABOVE AVERAGE RAINFALL DURING MAY...WHICH AFFECTED EVEN THE
LEEWARD PORTIONS OF THE STATE...HAS HELPED EASE DROUGHT
CONDITIONS. COMPARED TO A MONTH AGO...DROUGHT COVERAGE HAS BEEN
REDUCED FROM 60 PERCENT TO 46 PERCENT OVER THE MAIN HAWAIIAN
ISLANDS IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP. THE WORST CONDITIONS WERE
ON THE BIG ISLAND WHERE AN AREA OF EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3
CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...PERSISTS ALONG THE
LEEWARD SLOPES. THIS AREA HAS BEEN EVOLVING OVER THE PAST MONTH
WITH THE D3 COVERAGE EASING ON THE LOWER KONA SLOPES BUT SPREADING
INTO THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT. OVER THE REST
OF THE BIG ISLAND...SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...HAS BEEN
PUSHED OUT OF THE PUNA DISTRICT AND THE UPPER LEEWARD SLOPES OF
THE KOHALA MOUNTAINS BY THE RECENT RAINFALL. SEVERE DROUGHT HAS
ALSO EASED TO MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY...IN SOUTH
KAUAI...NIIHAU...AND THE WEST HALF OF LANAI.

ON OAHU...MODERATE DROUGHT HAS RETREATED OFF OF THE KOOLAU RANGE
AND THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE WAIANAE RANGE BUT PERSISTS IN THE
LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE LEEWARD WAIANAE SLOPES. MODERATE DROUGHT
COVERAGE HAS ALSO BEEN REMOVED FROM THE SOUTHEAST-FACING SLOPES OF
HALEAKALA ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI. UNFORTUNATELY...THE KIHEI AND
WAILEA AREA OF MAUI DID NOT RECEIVE MUCH RAINFALL IN MAY AND
REMAINS LOCKED IN SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
MAY RAINFALL HELPED IMPROVE PASTURE CONDITIONS ALONG THE SOUTHERN SLOPES
OF THE ISLAND BUT MORE RAINFALL IS NEEDED FOR A FULL RECOVERY.

OAHU.
VEGETATION CONDITIONS CONTINUED TO IMPROVE DURING MAY BUT REMAIN
STRESSED IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE WAIANAE AREA.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA INDICATED THAT CONDITIONS
OVER WESTERN LANAI HAVE IMPROVED OVER THE PAST MONTH. VEGETATION
HEALTH IN WEST MOLOKAI HAS IMPROVED RECENTLY BUT THE CHANGES HAVE
BEEN SPOTTY AND THE AREA APPEARS TO STILL BE UNDER STRESS.

MAUI.
CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED OVER THE KAUPO AND KEPUNI AREAS BUT
REMAIN DEGRADED OVER THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTH MAUI NEAR KIHEI
AND WAILEA. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS AN
ONGOING REQUEST FOR A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE
FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI CUSTOMERS.

BIG ISLAND.
ABOVE AVERAGE RAINFALL OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES HAS IMPROVED
PASTURE AND ORCHARD CONDITIONS. REPORTS FROM COFFEE GROWERS ON THE
KONA SLOPES INDICATED THAT THE CROP FOR THIS YEAR...WHICH WAS AT
SIGNIFICANT RISK OF BEING POOR...APPEARS TO HAVE RECOVERED. FRUIT
GROWERS IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE KONA SLOPES ALSO INDICATED
IMPROVED GROWING CONDITIONS. PASTURES HAVE BEEN RECOVERING ALONG
THE KOHALA SLOPES AND THE WAIMEA AREA WITH RANCHERS INDICATING
ADEQUATE FORAGE AND WATER.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...EL NINO HAS
DISSIPATED AND ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS ARE NOW IN PLACE IN THE
PACIFIC OCEAN. LA NINA IS EXPECTED TO DEVELOP BY THE FALL OF 2016.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MAY 19 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION DURING THE LATE SUMMER AND EARLY FALL.
THIS PROJECTION IS EXPECTED TO MAINLY AFFECT WINDWARD LOCATIONS
AND THE KONA SLOPES...WITH OTHER LEEWARD AREAS REMAINING DRY.
TEMPERATURE PROBABILITIES FAVOR ABOVE AVERAGE CONDITIONS INTO THE
FALL SEASON. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON JUNE 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT NEARLY ALL OF
THE MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN
THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED
TO REMAIN IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE ALONG THE WINDWARD
SLOPES THROUGH THE FALL. FLOW LEVELS IN LEEWARD STREAMS ARE
EXPECTED TO DECREASE.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JULY 8
2016 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276

$$



DROUGHT REMAINS IN PLACE OVER LEEWARD AREAS BUT EASES OVER THE WINDWARD SLOPES

126 PM HST FRI MAY 6 2016


SYNOPSIS...

ABUNDANT RAINFALL PRODUCED BY PERSISTENT TRADE WINDS HELPED EASE
DROUGHT CONDITIONS ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES OF THE STATE OF
HAWAII IN APRIL. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE LEEWARD AREAS DID NOT
RECEIVE MUCH OF THIS RAINFALL AND DROUGHT REMAINS FIRMLY
ENTRENCHED. THE WORST AREAS ARE ON THE BIG ISLAND WHICH HAS
EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...ALONG THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE KAU DISTRICT FROM PAHALA
TO SOUTH POINT...AND ALONG THE KONA SLOPES FROM HUALALAI TO
MILOLII. OUTSIDE OF THE EXTREME DROUGHT AREAS IS A LARGE SECTION
OF SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...WHICH ENCOMPASSES LEEWARD
KOHALA...POHAKULOA...MOST OF MAUNA LOA AND THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF
KILAUEA VOLCANO. SEVERE DROUGHT ALSO CONTINUES TO AFFECT LEEWARD
LANAI...NIIHAU...SOUTH KAUAI AND THE SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF HALEAKALA
FROM THE KIHEI-MAKENA COASTLINE UP TO THE KULA HIGHWAY. MODERATE
DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY...PERSISTS OVER THE LEEWARD AREAS OF
MOLOKAI...OAHU AND THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS.

THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DECLARED HAWAII COUNTY AND MAUI
COUNTY TO BE PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER AREAS ON APRIL 13 AND APRIL
20...RESPECTIVELY...DUE TO THE STRENGTH AND PERSISTENCE OF THE
DROUGHT.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
A LATE MARCH HEAVY RAIN EVENT HELPED STABILIZE LEEWARD DROUGHT CONDITIONS
TEMPORARILY BUT FIELD REPORTS INDICATE THAT SOIL MOISTURE REMAINS
LOW. THE LACK OF FOLLOW-ON RAINFALL MEANS THAT RECENT PASTURE
REGROWTH MAY BE SHORT-LIVED.

OAHU.
VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED OVER THE WINDWARD AND INTERIOR LEEWARD
SLOPES OF THE KOOLAU MOUNTAINS. HOWEVER...VEGETATION ALONG THE
LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE REMAIN DRY AND BRUSH FIRES ARE
A SIGNIFICANT CONCERN HEADING INTO THE DRY SEASON.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE PREVIOUS REPORT. PASTURE AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS IN WESTERN MOLOKAI AND LANAI ARE
POOR BASED ON SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA.

MAUI.
THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS AN ONGOING REQUEST
FOR A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY
MAUI CUSTOMERS. BRUSH FIRES ALSO REMAIN A TREMENDOUS CONCERN FOR
THE LEEWARD AREAS...ESPECIALLY SINCE STATE FORESTRY OFFICIALS
INDICATED THAT FIRE SUPPRESSION FUNDS FOR 2016 HAVE BEEN ALREADY
BEEN EXHAUSTED.

BIG ISLAND.
AMPLE TRADE WIND RAINFALL HAS HELPED FILL WATER CATCHMENT TANKS
ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE LEEWARD AREAS
REMAIN DRY AND DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTS CONTINUE TO ARRIVE. GROWERS
OF COFFEE AND OTHER TROPICAL FRUITS OPERATING ON THE KONA SLOPES
REPORTED REDUCED PRODUCTION. ONE FARMER MENTIONED THAT THE ONGOING
DROUGHT IS WORSE THAN IN 2010 AND WAS EXPECTING A VERY SMALL
COFFEE CROP. WITHIN THE EXTREME DROUGHT AREA NEAR SOUTH POINT...A
RANCHER ESTIMATED THAT THERE IS ONLY ONE OR TWO MONTHS OF DRY FEED
LEFT HEADING INTO THE DRY SEASON. SIMILAR TO MAUI...BRUSH FIRES ARE
A SIGNIFICANT CONCERN ON THE LEEWARD AREAS OF THE BIG ISLAND...AS
HIGHLIGHTED BY A RECENT FIRE NEAR KAILUA-KONA.

NOT ALL OF THE DROUGHT IMPACTS ARE CONSIDERED TO BE BAD. COUNTY
OFFICIALS GAVE PARTIAL CREDIT TO THE DRY CONDITIONS FOR HELPING
BRING THE RECENT DENGUE FEVER OUTBREAK UNDER CONTROL BY CREATING
LESS FAVORABLE MOSQUITO BREEDING CONDITIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...EL NINO IS WEAKENING
IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. EL NINO WILL LIKELY TRANSITION TO ENSO-
NEUTRAL CONDITIONS DURING THE LATE SPRING OR EARLY SUMMER OF
2016...WITH A POSSIBLE TRANSITION TO LA NINA CONDITIONS IN THE
SECOND HALF OF THE YEAR.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON APRIL 21 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES DO
NOT FAVOR ABOVE OR BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE SUMMER.
TEMPERATURE PROBABILITIES FAVOR ABOVE AVERAGE CONDITIONS INTO THE
FALL SEASON. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON MAY 19.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED
STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE NEAR TO
BELOW NORMAL RANGE. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN IN
THE NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE THROUGH THE SUMMER BASED ON THE
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JUNE 10
2016 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES INCLUDING
THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S. AND STATE
OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY AND
THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$



DROUGHT INTENSIFIES DURING MARCH

240 PM HST THU APR 7 2016


SYNOPSIS...

DROUGHT CONDITIONS HAVE EXPANDED AND INTENSIFIED DURING THE PAST
MONTH ON ALL FOUR COUNTIES IN THE STATE OF HAWAII. THE WORST
DEGRADATION OCCURRED ON THE BIG ISLAND WHERE EXTREME DROUGHT...OR
THE D3 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...HAS DEVELOPED
OVER PORTIONS OF THE NORTH KONA AND SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS. THIS IS
THE FIRST TIME D3 CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN IN THE STATE SINCE APRIL 8
2014. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...HAS SPREAD EASTWARD ON
THE BIG ISLAND INTO THE LOWER PUNA DISTRICT AND ALL OF THE KAU
DISTRICT. ON KAUAI...SEVERE DROUGHT APPEARED IN MID-MARCH ALONG
THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE SOUTHERN HALF OF THE ISLAND. MODERATE
DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY...COVERED THE SOUTHWEST HALF OF OAHU
AND THE WEST HALF OF MOLOKAI.

BY EARLY APRIL DROUGHT CONDITIONS WERE COVERING 79 PERCENT OF THE
STATE...AN INCREASE OF 25 PERCENT SINCE THE LAST DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...AND NEARLY HALF OF THE STATE WAS
CONSIDERED TO BE IN SEVERE DROUGHT.

A HEAVY RAIN EVENT IN LATE-MARCH PRODUCED FLASH FLOODING ON
SEVERAL OF THE MAIN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS BUT IT IS TOO SOON TO
DETERMINE HOW MUCH OF AN IMPACT...IF ANY...IT HAD ON EASING
DROUGHT CONDITIONS. RAINFALL INTENSITIES WERE HIGH AND MOST OF THE
WATER LIKELY BECAME RUNOFF RATHER THAN PERCOLATING SIGNIFICANTLY
INTO THE GROUND. DRY CONDITIONS SUBSEQUENT TO THE FLOODING ALONG
WITH STRONG WINDS IN A COOLER AND DRIER AIRMASS WERE NOT FAVORABLE
FACTORS FOR SUBSTANTIAL EASING.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
PASTURES WERE IN POOR CONDITION ALONG THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE
SOUTH-FACING SLOPES THROUGH MID-MARCH. IT IS TOO SOON TO TELL HOW
MUCH...IF ANY...IMPROVEMENT IN PASTURE CONDITIONS THE LATE-MARCH
RAINFALL PRODUCED.

OAHU.
VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE WORSENED OVER THE PAST MONTH AND DRY
BRUSH HAS SPREAD INTO THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF HONOLULU. A BRUSH
FIRE ON THE SLOPES OF ICONIC DIAMOND HEAD IS INDICATIVE OF HOW DRY
THE VEGETATION HAS BECOME DURING WHAT SHOULD BE THE WET SEASON AND
NOW POSES A FIRE RISK TO PROPERTIES IN AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE PREVIOUS REPORT. PASTURE AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS IN WESTERN MOLOKAI AND LANAI ARE
POOR BASED ON SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA.

MAUI.
BRUSH FIRES NEAR LAHAINA AND OLOWALU ARE INDICATIVE OF THE POOR
VEGETATION CONDITIONS ALONG THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF MAUI.
OTHERWISE...THERE HAS BEEN NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE
PREVIOUS REPORT. PASTURES ALONG THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA
REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION AND LARGE SECTIONS WERE
UNUSABLE...ESPECIALLY IN THE AREA FROM WAILEA TO KIHEI ALONG THE
COAST AND UPSLOPE TO THE KULA HIGHWAY NEAR KEOKEA AND WAIOHULI.
THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS AN ONGOING REQUEST
FOR A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY
MAUI CUSTOMERS.

BIG ISLAND.
FARMERS ON THE KONA SLOPES OF THE BIG ISLAND HAVE INDICATED THAT
CONDITIONS ARE THE WORST IN RECENT MEMORY...EVEN INCLUDING 2010
WHICH WAS A SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT YEAR FOR THE AREA. KONA COFFEE
GROWERS HAVE INDICATED THAT THE DROUGHT WILL ADVERSELY AFFECT THIS
YEAR/S CROP. A RANCHER OPERATING IN THE WAIKII AREA REPORTED THE
LOSS OF SEVERAL MATURE COWS DUE TO DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND HE HAS
BEEN FORCED TO REDUCE THE SIZE OF HIS HERD. FERAL PIGS AND GOATS
HAVE BEEN MOVING ONTO RANCH LANDS SEEKING OUT WATER AND CAUSING
DAMAGE TO FENCES IN THE PROCESS. EVEN IN THE NORMALLY WET HILO AND
PUNA DISTRICTS...A RANCHER NEAR PAHOA REPORTED SELLING 20 PERCENT
OF HIS HERD DUE TO POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS. ANOTHER RANCHER WHO
WORKS ON THE UPPER SLOPES OF THE SOUTH HILO DISTRICT REPORTED THE
LOSS OF 28 COWS DUE TO THE LACK OF RAIN AND THE POOR FORAGE. IN
UPPER HILO TOWN...AN AQUACULTURE OPERATION LOST STURGEON BECAUSE
OF LOW STREAM FLOW CONDITIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...EL NINO
CONDITIONS ARE PRESENT IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. EL NINO IS WEAKENING
AND WILL LIKELY TRANSITION TO ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS DURING THE
LATE SPRING OR EARLY SUMMER OF 2016...WITH A POSSIBLE TRANSITION
TO LA NINA CONDITIONS IN THE FALL.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MARCH 17 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE SPRING AND ABOVE MEDIAN
TEMPERATURES THROUGH THE SUMMER. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL
BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON APRIL 21.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MONITORED
STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE NEAR TO
BELOW NORMAL RANGE. FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN IN THE
NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE THROUGH THE SPRING BASED ON THE
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MAY 6
2016 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$



SEVERE DROUGHT RETURNS TO THE STATE OF HAWAII

1243 PM HST THU MAR 3 2016


SYNOPSIS...

A LONG PERIOD OF DRY WEATHER CONDITIONS CAUSED BY THE ONGOING
STRONG EL NINO EVENT HAS PRODUCED LARGE AREAS OF DROUGHT ACROSS
THE STATE OF HAWAII. OVER THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS...MODERATE
DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...HAS
BEEN SPREADING OVER LEEWARD SECTIONS OF ALL THE ISLANDS AND COVERS
MORE THAN HALF OF THE STATE. DROUGHT IMPACTS IN SEVERAL AREAS HAVE
REACHED THE SEVERE LEVEL...OR THE D2 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI.

OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS...DROUGHT CONDITIONS WILL LIKELY
INCREASE IN AREAL COVERAGE AND INTENSITY. PROSPECTS FOR EASING THE
DROUGHT IN THE LEEWARD AREAS ARE WANING AS THE STATE HEADS TOWARD
THE END OF THE OCTOBER THROUGH APRIL WET SEASON.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
RANCHERS HAVE BEEN REPORTING DETERIORATING PASTURE CONDITIONS
ALONG THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF EAST KAUAI FROM KEALIA TO LIHUE AND
ALONG ALL OF THE LOWER ELEVATION SLOPES ON THE SOUTH AND WEST
SIDES OF THE ISLAND.

OAHU.
THERE HAVE BEEN NO AGRICULTURE-RELATED IMPACTS REPORTED SO FAR BUT
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS ARE DETERIORATING...ESPECIALLY OVER
WEST OAHU FROM EWA TO KAENA POINT. BRUSH FIRE RISK IS INCREASING
AS RAINFALL DEFICITS CONTINUE TO BUILD.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
PASTURE AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS IN WEST MOLOKAI HAVE
BEEN DETERIORATING BASED ON SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA
AND ON REPORTS FROM THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE/S FARM
SERVICE AGENCY. GENERAL VEGETATION ON THE WESTERN HALF OF LANAI
HAS ALSO BEEN DETERIORATING ACCORDING TO SATELLITE DATA.

MAUI.
PASTURES ALONG THE LEEWARD SLOPE OF HALEAKALA WERE IN POOR
CONDITION AND LARGE SECTIONS WERE UNUSABLE...ESPECIALLY IN THE
AREA FROM WAILEA TO KIHEI ALONG THE COAST AND UPSLOPE TO THE KULA
HIGHWAY NEAR KEOKEA AND WAIOHULI. DRY VEGETATION ALSO FED A LARGE
BRUSH FIRE WHICH SCORCHED OVER 5600 ACRES IN THE KAHIKINUI AREA OF
SOUTHEAST MAUI DURING THE LATTER HALF OF FEBRUARY. THE MAUI COUNTY
DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS AN ONGOING REQUEST FOR A VOLUNTARY
10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI CUSTOMERS.

BIG ISLAND.
FARMERS HAVE BEEN REPORTING VERY POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS NEAR
SOUTH POINT...ALONG THE LOWER LEEWARD ELEVATIONS FROM MAHUKONA TO
KEAHOLE POINT...THE KONA SLOPES FROM CAPTAIN COOK TO THE SUMMIT OF
HUALALAI...AND THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT.
COFFEE FARMERS...MAINLY IN THE KONA AREA...HAVE REPORTED A LARGELY
DORMANT CROP DUE TO THE LACK OF RAINFALL. RESIDENTS ON WATER
CATCHMENT SYSTEMS HAVE BEEN HAULING WATER...EITHER THEMSELVES OR
BY HIRING A HAULING SERVICE...TO FILL THEIR TANKS FOR BASIC NEEDS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...EL NINO
CONDITIONS ARE PRESENT IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. EL NINO WILL LIKELY
WEAKEN AND TRANSITION TO ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS DURING THE SPRING
OR EARLY SUMMER OF 2016...WITH A POSSIBLE TRANSITION TO LA NINA
CONDITIONS IN THE FALL.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON FEBRUARY 18 BY
THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES
FAVOR BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE SPRING AND ABOVE
MEDIAN TEMPERATURES THROUGH THE SUMMER. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK
WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON MARCH 17.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MONITORED
STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE NEAR TO
BELOW NORMAL RANGE. FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN IN THE
NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE THROUGH THE SPRING BASED ON THE
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON APRIL 7
2016 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$



A WET AUGUST EASES DROUGHT ACROSS THE STATE

928 AM HST THU SEP 10 2015


SYNOPSIS...

RECORD-BREAKING RAINFALL HAS EASED OR ELIMINATED DROUGHT ACROSS
MANY AREAS OF THE STATE. SEVERE DROUGHT AREAS...OR THE D2 CATEGORY
ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...ALONG THE SOUTHERN SLOPES OF
KAUAI AND MAUI HAVE IMPROVED TO MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1
CATEGORY AS PASTURES HAVE STARTED TO RECOVER.

MODERATE DROUGHT OVER THE WEST-FACING SLOPES OF THE BIG ISLAND
REMAINS IN PLACE FOR NOW DUE TO A PENDING EVALUATION OF IMPACTS
FOLLOWING THE AUGUST RAINFALL.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
VEGETATION AND PASTURE CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED FOLLOWING RECENT
RAINFALL. GRASSES HAVE STARTED TO REGROW BUT REMAIN SHORT.

OAHU.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. THE SLOPES HAVE STARTED
TO TURN GREEN AGAIN OVER THE LEEWARD SIDE OF THE ISLAND...WHICH IS
NOT TYPICAL DURING AUGUST.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE STARTED TO IMPROVE
FOLLOWING RECORD-BREAKING RAINFALL IN AUGUST. FULL RECOVERY NEEDS
FOLLOW-UP RAINFALL.

BIG ISLAND.
LEEWARD SLOPES HAVE STARTED TO TURN GREEN AGAIN. ONE RANCHER
OPERATING IN THE NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT REPORTED HAVING AN EXCESS
SUPPLY OF GRASS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...EL NINO
CONDITIONS ARE PRESENT IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. IT IS HIGHLY LIKELY
THAT EL NINO WILL PERSIST THROUGH THE 2015-2016 WINTER SEASON AND
INTO THE SPRING OF 2016.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON AUGUST 20 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION IN THE EARLY FALL...THEN BELOW MEDIAN
PRECIPITATION DURING THE WINTER. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL
BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON SEPTEMBER 17.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MONITORED
STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE NEAR TO
ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO BE IN THE NORMAL
TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE OVER THE NEXT MONTH BASED ON THE
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS WILL BE THE FINAL DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT UNTIL SEVERE
DROUGHT RETURNS TO THE MAIN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$



SEVERE DROUGHT RETURNS TO THE STATE OF HAWAII

955 AM HST THU JUN 25 2015


SYNOPSIS...
PERSISTENT BELOW AVERAGE RAINFALL CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN THE
RETURN OF SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...TO SOME OF THE LEEWARD AREAS ON THE ISLANDS OF KAUAI
AND MAUI. THIS MARKS THE FIRST TIME SINCE MAY 2014 THAT D2
CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN IN PLACE IN THE STATE OF HAWAII. THE SEVERE
DROUGHT AREA ON KAUAI IS BETWEEN KALAHEO AND WAIMEA...AND THE AREA
ON MAUI ENCOMPASSES THE REGION FROM KAUPO TO AUWAHI ON THE SOUTHEAST
FLANK OF HALEAKALA.

MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY...COVERS OTHER AREAS OF THE
STATE INCLUDING LOWER KAUAI FROM KEALIA TO MANA...THE LEEWARD
WAIANAE RANGE ON OAHU...UPCOUNTRY MAUI...LOWER WEST MAUI FROM
UKUMEHAME TO LAHAINA...AND PORTIONS OF THE LEEWARD BIG ISLAND SLOPES.

MOST OF THE WINDWARD SECTIONS OF THE STATE HAVE BEEN RECEIVING
ADEQUATE RAINFALL.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
VEGETATION CONDITIONS IN THE HANAPEPE AREA ARE VERY POOR. RAINFALL
SO FAR IN JUNE HAS BEEN BELOW 10 PERCENT OF AVERAGE NEAR HANAPEPE
AND AROUND 30 PERCENT OF AVERAGE NEAR KALAHEO.

OAHU.
ALONG THE SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE...PASTURES ARE IN A DEGRADED
STATE AND THE DRY VEGETATION CONDITIONS POSE AN INCREASED RISK OF
BRUSH FIRES.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
RANCHERS OPERATING IN THE KAUPO AREA HAVE BEEN FORCED TO WEAN CALVES
EARLIER THAN NORMAL AT LOWER WEIGHTS AND HAVE BEEN DESTOCKING
PASTURES DUE TO INADEQUATE FORAGE. THERE IS CONCERN THAT THERE WILL
BE INSUFFICIENT DRY FEED TO LAST THROUGH THE SUMMER. VEGETATION IN
LEEWARD WEST MAUI HAS ALSO BEEN VERY DRY WITH AN INCREASING RISK OF
BRUSH FIRES.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES ON THE LEEWARD SIDE OF WAIMEA HAVE BEEN DETERIORATING IN
THE FACE OF LOW RAINFALL AND CONSTANT WIND.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...EL NINO CONDITIONS
ARE PRESENT IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. THERE IS AN 85 PERCENT CHANCE EL
NINO WILL PERSIST THROUGH THE 2015-2016 WINTER SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JUNE 18 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR ABOVE
MEDIAN PRECIPITATION IN THE SUMMER AND EARLY FALL...THEN BELOW
MEDIAN PRECIPITATION DURING THE WINTER. ABOVE MEDIAN SUMMER
RAINFALL IS MAINLY EXPECTED TO OCCUR ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES IN
PERSISTENT TRADE WINDS LEAVING LEEWARD AREAS GENERALLY DRY. THE
NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON JULY 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE
NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE ON KAUAI AND OAHU. MAUI AND BIG ISLAND
FLOW LEVELS WERE IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW LEVELS
FROM WINDWARD STREAMS ARE EXPECTED TO BE IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE WITH NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW WITHIN LEEWARD STREAMS.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JULY 17
2015 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$