Drought Information Statement Archive


SEVERE DROUGHT RETURNS TO THE STATE OF HAWAII

955 AM HST THU JUN 25 2015


SYNOPSIS...
PERSISTENT BELOW AVERAGE RAINFALL CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN THE
RETURN OF SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...TO SOME OF THE LEEWARD AREAS ON THE ISLANDS OF KAUAI
AND MAUI. THIS MARKS THE FIRST TIME SINCE MAY 2014 THAT D2
CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN IN PLACE IN THE STATE OF HAWAII. THE SEVERE
DROUGHT AREA ON KAUAI IS BETWEEN KALAHEO AND WAIMEA...AND THE AREA
ON MAUI ENCOMPASSES THE REGION FROM KAUPO TO AUWAHI ON THE SOUTHEAST
FLANK OF HALEAKALA.

MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY...COVERS OTHER AREAS OF THE
STATE INCLUDING LOWER KAUAI FROM KEALIA TO MANA...THE LEEWARD
WAIANAE RANGE ON OAHU...UPCOUNTRY MAUI...LOWER WEST MAUI FROM
UKUMEHAME TO LAHAINA...AND PORTIONS OF THE LEEWARD BIG ISLAND SLOPES.

MOST OF THE WINDWARD SECTIONS OF THE STATE HAVE BEEN RECEIVING
ADEQUATE RAINFALL.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
VEGETATION CONDITIONS IN THE HANAPEPE AREA ARE VERY POOR. RAINFALL
SO FAR IN JUNE HAS BEEN BELOW 10 PERCENT OF AVERAGE NEAR HANAPEPE
AND AROUND 30 PERCENT OF AVERAGE NEAR KALAHEO.

OAHU.
ALONG THE SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE...PASTURES ARE IN A DEGRADED
STATE AND THE DRY VEGETATION CONDITIONS POSE AN INCREASED RISK OF
BRUSH FIRES.

MOLOKAI AND LANAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
RANCHERS OPERATING IN THE KAUPO AREA HAVE BEEN FORCED TO WEAN CALVES
EARLIER THAN NORMAL AT LOWER WEIGHTS AND HAVE BEEN DESTOCKING
PASTURES DUE TO INADEQUATE FORAGE. THERE IS CONCERN THAT THERE WILL
BE INSUFFICIENT DRY FEED TO LAST THROUGH THE SUMMER. VEGETATION IN
LEEWARD WEST MAUI HAS ALSO BEEN VERY DRY WITH AN INCREASING RISK OF
BRUSH FIRES.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES ON THE LEEWARD SIDE OF WAIMEA HAVE BEEN DETERIORATING IN
THE FACE OF LOW RAINFALL AND CONSTANT WIND.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...EL NINO CONDITIONS
ARE PRESENT IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN. THERE IS AN 85 PERCENT CHANCE EL
NINO WILL PERSIST THROUGH THE 2015-2016 WINTER SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JUNE 18 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR ABOVE
MEDIAN PRECIPITATION IN THE SUMMER AND EARLY FALL...THEN BELOW
MEDIAN PRECIPITATION DURING THE WINTER. ABOVE MEDIAN SUMMER
RAINFALL IS MAINLY EXPECTED TO OCCUR ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES IN
PERSISTENT TRADE WINDS LEAVING LEEWARD AREAS GENERALLY DRY. THE
NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON JULY 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD 30-DAY FLOW LEVELS IN THE
NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE ON KAUAI AND OAHU. MAUI AND BIG ISLAND
FLOW LEVELS WERE IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW LEVELS
FROM WINDWARD STREAMS ARE EXPECTED TO BE IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE WITH NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW WITHIN LEEWARD STREAMS.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JULY 17
2015 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




SEVERE DROUGHT FINALLY ELIMINATED IN THE STATE OF HAWAII

815 AM HST THU MAY 8 2014



SYNOPSIS...
THE LAST AREA OF SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY IN THE U.S.
DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...WAS FINALLY EASED TO MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE
D1 CATEGORY...FOR THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR SERVICE AREA IN WEST
MOLOKAI. THIS DOWNGRADE ENDED D2 CONDITIONS THAT HAD BEEN PRESENT
CONTINUOUSLY IN VARIOUS LOCATIONS IN THE STATE OF HAWAII SINCE JUNE
2008.

THERE ARE NO OTHER DROUGHT AREAS IN THE STATE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI...OAHU...LANAI...MAUI AND THE BIG ISLAND.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. HOWEVER...DRIER THAN
AVERAGE CONDITIONS MAINLY ALONG THE LEEWARD SLOPES IN RECENT WEEKS
ARE SETTING THE STAGE FOR A QUICK RETURN OF SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT
CONDITIONS.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAS RISEN TO
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. HOWEVER...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE IS MAINTAINING THE MANDATORY 20 PERCENT CUTBACK IN
IRRIGATION WATER USE AS A PRECAUTION.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SPRING SEASON. HOWEVER...THERE IS A GREATER
THAN 50 PERCENT CHANCE THAT EL NINO WILL DEVELOP IN THE SUMMER
SEASON OF 2014.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON APRIL 17 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT
FAVOR ABOVE OR BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF
THE SPRING AND INTO EARLY SUMMER. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL
BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON MAY 15.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD APRIL FLOW LEVELS IN THE
NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW LEVELS SHOULD SLOWLY DECREASE
DURING THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS WITH THE TRANSITION INTO THE DRY
SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS WILL BE THE FINAL MONTHLY DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT ISSUED
UNTIL D2 CONDITIONS RETURN TO THE STATE OF HAWAII.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




KUALAPUU RESERVOIR ON MOLOKAI IS THE LAST MAIN DROUGHT CONCERN IN THE STATE

940 AM HST THU APR 3 2014



SYNOPSIS...
HEAVY RAIN EVENTS CONTINUED TO AFFECT THE EASTERN COUNTIES THROUGH
MARCH WHICH HELPED EASE DRYNESS...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE WINDWARD
SLOPES. AT THIS TIME...THE MAIN DROUGHT CONCERN IS THE AREA
SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR IN WEST MOLOKAI. THE AREA HAS
LONG BEEN UNDER EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY IN THE U.S.
DROUGHT MONITOR MAP DUE TO LOW WATER LEVELS WHICH HAVE FORCED
MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS IN IRRIGATION WATER USE.
HOWEVER...INFORMATION RECEIVED TODAY INDICATED THAT RESTRICTIONS
WILL BE EASED SOMEWHAT AS WATER SUPPLY LEVELS HAVE RISEN OVER THE
PAST SEVERAL WEEKS. THIS WILL RESULT IN A CHANGE TO THE D2
CATEGORY...WHICH IS LABELED AS SEVERE DROUGHT.

THE REMAINDER OF MOLOKAI WAS DROUGHT-FREE ALONG WITH
KAUAI...OAHU...LANAI AND KAHOOLAWE. MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1
CATEGORY...REMAINED OVER THE LOWER LEEWARD MAUI SLOPES NEAR KIHEI
AND OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE BIG ISLAND FROM THE LOWER SOUTH
KOHALA DISTRICT TO THE HUMUULA SADDLE AND THE UPPER SLOPES OF MAUNA
LOA. AN EVALUATION OF MARCH RAINFALL AND FIELD CONDITIONS MAY
RESULT IN A REDUCTION OF D1 COVERAGE IN THE NEXT DROUGHT MONITOR MAP.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAS CONTINUED TO INCREASE
IN RECENT WEEKS WHICH RESULTED IN THE ABOVE-MENTIONED EASING OF
RESTRICTIONS IN IRRIGATION WATER USE BY THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. THE CHANGE IN RESTRICTIONS WILL GO FROM
A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT CUTBACK TO A MANDATORY 20 PERCENT CUTBACK.

LANAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
PASTURE AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE CONTINUED TO IMPROVE
OVER THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS. WATER LEVELS IN RESERVOIRS SUPPLYING
RESIDENTS IN THE UPCOUNTRY AREA OF THE ISLAND HAVE REMAINED AT
ADEQUATE LEVELS. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS
CONTINUED ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI
RESIDENTS TO VOLUNTARILY REDUCE CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
REPORTS INDICATED THAT LEEWARD PASTURES HAVE NOT BEEN THIS GREEN IN
SEVERAL YEARS. ABOVE AVERAGE RAINFALL ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES
HAVE ALSO HELPED BOOST CATCHMENT WATER SUPPLIES.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SPRING SEASON. HOWEVER...THERE IS A 50 PERCENT
CHANCE THAT EL NINO WILL DEVELOP IN THE SUMMER OR FALL SEASON OF
2014.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MARCH 20 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE WET SEASON
AND EVEN INTO THE EARLY PART OF THE DRY SEASON WHICH BEGINS IN MAY.
THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON APRIL 17.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT ALL OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD MARCH FLOW LEVELS IN THE
NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW LEVELS SHOULD SLOWLY DECREASE
DURING THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS WITH THE TRANSITION OUT OF THE WETTEST
TIME OF THE YEAR.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MAY 8 2014
OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT PICTURE CONTINUES TO IMPROVE FOLLOWING FEBRUARY RAIN EVENTS

1230 PM HST THU MAR 6 2014


SYNOPSIS...
LARGE SCALE WEATHER SYSTEMS DURING FEBRUARY HAVE PRODUCED ENOUGH
RAINFALL TO BUILD ON PREVIOUS IMPROVEMENTS IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS.
THESE RAIN EVENTS MANAGED TO REACH THE LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI AND THE
BIG ISLAND WHICH HAVE BEEN HIT THE HARDEST BY DROUGHT. ON THE
ISLAND OF MAUI...SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY ON THE U.S.
DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...WAS FINALLY ELIMINATED...ENDING A CONTINUOUS
STRETCH OF D2 CONDITIONS WHICH STARTED IN AUGUST 2011. SEVERE
DROUGHT ALSO ENDED ON THE BIG ISLAND...WHICH HAS SEEN THE D2
CLASSIFICATION IN VARIOUS LOCATIONS CONTINUOUSLY SINCE JULY 2008.
EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...REMAINS IN WESTERN MOLOKAI IN
THE AREA SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR AND IS SOLELY DUE TO
LONG TERM IRRIGATION WATER USE RESTRICTIONS.

THE REDUCTION IN THE AREA OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1
CATEGORY...HAS CONTINUED OVER THE PAST MONTH. THE D1 AREA IS NOW
LIMITED TO THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF MAUI FROM MAALAEA TO
MAKENA...AND FROM THE LOWER LEEWARD SOUTH KOHALA SLOPES TO THE
HUMUULA SADDLE AND THE UPPER SLOPES OF MAUNA LOA ON THE BIG ISLAND.

KAUAI COUNTY AND OAHU REMAIN DROUGHT-FREE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAS CONTINUED TO INCREASE
SLOWLY IN RECENT WEEKS BUT REMAINS AT LESS THAN HALF OF CAPACITY.
AS A RESULT...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS
CONTINUED ITS MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER USE.

LANAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
PASTURE AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE CONTINUED TO IMPROVE
OVER THE PAST MONTH. WATER LEVELS IN RESERVOIRS SUPPLYING RESIDENTS
IN THE UPCOUNTRY AREA OF THE ISLAND HAVE REMAINED AT ADEQUATE
LEVELS. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED
ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS TO
VOLUNTARILY REDUCE CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURE CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN IMPROVING OVER THE PAST MONTH THOUGH
THE RECOVERY IS TENUOUS SINCE SOIL MOISTURE REMAINS SUB-OPTIMAL.
FOLLOW-UP RAINFALL IS NEEDED TO PREVENT A QUICK RETURN TO DROUGHT
CONDITIONS ONCE THE DRY SEASON STARTS IN A COUPLE OF MONTHS.
REPORTS FROM THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE ISLAND INDICATED THAT TREES
AND SHRUBS WERE GREEN BUT DRY... AND FEED FOR LIVESTOCK WAS STILL A
PROBLEM.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND PROBABILITIES FAVOR PERSISTENCE
THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERIC SPRING SEASON OF 2014.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON FEBRUARY 20 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE WET SEASON.
THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON MARCH 20.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MONITORED
STREAMS ON KAUAI AND OAHU HAD FEBRUARY FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL
TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR STREAMS IN MAUI COUNTY AND
THE BIG ISLAND WERE MOSTLY IN THE BELOW NORMAL RANGE. BASED ON THE
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK...FLOW AVERAGES ON KAUAI AND OAHU SHOULD
REMAIN IN THE NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE WHILE AVERAGES FROM MAUI
COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND SHOULD INCREASE OVER THE NEXT MONTH.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON APRIL 3
2014 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT LOOSENS ITS GRIP ON MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND

840 AM HST THU FEB 6 2014


SYNOPSIS...
SEVERAL COLD FRONTS DURING JANUARY WERE ABLE TO MOVE ACROSS THE
ISLAND CHAIN AND REACH THE BIG ISLAND. THESE FRONTS BROUGHT MUCH
NEEDED RAIN TO THE WEST-FACING SLOPES AND HELPED IMPROVE PASTURE AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS. MOST OF THE DROUGHT AREAS ACROSS
MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND IMPROVED BY AT LEAST ONE-CATEGORY ON
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP OVER THE PAST MONTH. EXTREME
DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...EASED TO SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2
CATEGORY OVER THE POHAKULOA AREA OF THE BIG ISLAND AND THE KIHEI
AREA OF MAUI. THE ONLY D3 AREA LEFT IN THE STATE COVERED PORTIONS
OF WESTERN MOLOKAI SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR.

MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY...HAS BEEN REDUCED IN SIZE AND
COVERED THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF WEST MAUI FROM LAHAINA TO
MAALAEA...AND ON THE BIG ISLAND FROM THE LOWER LEEWARD SOUTH KOHALA
SLOPES TO THE HUMUULA SADDLE AND THE UPPER SLOPES OF MAUNA LOA.

KAUAI COUNTY AND OAHU REMAIN DROUGHT-FREE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAS CONTINUED TO INCREASE
SLOWLY IN RECENT WEEKS BUT REMAINS LESS THAN HALF OF CAPACITY. AS A
RESULT...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED
ITS MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER USE.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED DATA SHOWED A REDUCTION IN STRESS ON VEGETATION
HEALTH OVER THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS AND A GAGE IN THE WESTERN SIDE OF
THE ISLAND REPORTED AN ABOVE AVERAGE JANUARY RAINFALL TOTAL.

MAUI.
PASTURE CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED OVER THE PAST MONTH AS A RESULT OF
THE RECENT BOOST IN RAINFALL. HOWEVER...THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE REPORTED AN INCREASE IN FIRE WEED GROWTH DUE TO THE
INCREASE IN RAINFALL WHICH PRODUCES A DIFFERENT SET OF PROBLEMS.
WATER LEVELS IN RESERVOIRS SUPPLYING RESIDENTS IN THE UPCOUNTRY AREA
OF THE ISLAND HAVE ALSO INCREASED. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF
WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND
SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS TO VOLUNTARILY REDUCE CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURE CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN IMPROVING OVER THE PAST MONTH AND EVEN
FLOODING IN SOME CASES. THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH SATELLITE-BASED
DATA WHICH SHOWED REDUCED VEGETATION STRESS OVER THE LEEWARD
SLOPES. FOLLOW-UP RAINFALL IS NEEDED TO SUSTAIN THE
RECOVERY...ESPECIALLY WITH THE DRY SEASON NOT TOO FAR OFF.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND PROBABILITIES FAVOR PERSISTENCE INTO
THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERIC SUMMER SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JANUARY 16 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE WET SEASON.
THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON FEBRUARY 20.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT ALL OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR JANUARY IN
THE NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE. BASED ON THE PRECIPITATION
OUTLOOK...FLOW AVERAGES ACROSS THE STATE SHOULD INCREASE OVER THE
NEXT MONTH.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MARCH 6
2014 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




HEAVY RAINS BRING ONLY LIMITED DROUGHT RELIEF TO MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND

955 AM HST THU JAN 9 2014


SYNOPSIS...
COLD FRONTS DURING THE FIRST HALF OF DECEMBER MAINLY AFFECTED THE
WEST HALF OF THE STATE AND LEFT THE EAST HALF RELATIVELY DRY. A
LATE DECEMBER STORM FINALLY BROUGHT SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL TO THE BIG
ISLAND AND PORTIONS OF MAUI COUNTY. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE RAINFALL
OCCURRED OVER THE LOWER WINDWARD SLOPES AND PROVIDED ONLY LIMITED OR
EVEN NO RELIEF TO THE WORST DROUGHT AREAS. AS A RESULT...EXTREME
DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...REMAINED OVER PORTIONS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND AND
ONLY SHOWED LIMITED CHANGES IN COVERAGE. FOR MAUI COUNTY...D3 AREAS
INCLUDE THE LOWER SOUTHWESTERN SLOPE OF HALEAKALA FROM KAMAOLE TO
KAONOULU...AND PORTIONS OF WEST MOLOKAI SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR. THE BIG ISLAND D3 AREA IN THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE
HAMAKUA DISTRICT EXPANDED EASTWARD A BIT WHILE THE AREA SOUTHWEST OF
HAWI IMPROVED BY ONE CATEGORY TO THE D2 LEVEL...OR SEVERE DROUGHT
CONDITIONS.

OTHER NOTABLE AREAS OF SEVERE DROUGHT INCLUDE THE LOWER LEEWARD
SLOPES OF WEST MAUI FROM LAHAINA TO MAALAEA...AND PORTIONS OF THE
LEEWARD BIG ISLAND FROM MAHUKONA TO THE NORTH-FACING SLOPE OF
HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT. AN AREA OF D2 RETURNED TO THE
NORTHWESTERN PORTION OF LANAI DUE TO RECENT DRYNESS.

IN TERMS OF IMPROVEMENTS...THE DECEMBER RAINFALL HELPED ELIMINATE
MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 LEVEL CONDITIONS...OVER THE WINDWARD SLOPES
OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND THE SOUTHEAST-FACING SLOPES IN THE KAU
DISTRICT ROUGHLY FROM PUNALUU TO SOUTH POINT.

KAUAI COUNTY AND OAHU REMAIN DROUGHT-FREE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAS SHOWN A MODEST
INCREASE RECENTLY BUT REMAINS VERY LOW. AS A RESULT...THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED ITS MANDATORY 30
PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER USE.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED DATA SHOWED INCREASED STRESS ON VEGETATION HEALTH
OVER THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS AND A GAGE IN THE WESTERN SIDE OF THE
ISLAND REPORTED A WELL BELOW AVERAGE DECEMBER RAINFALL TOTAL.

MAUI.
DROUGHT ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI IS MAINLY AN AGRICULTURAL ISSUE AT
PRESENT. SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA AND RAIN GAGE DATA
SHOWED VERY DRY CONDITIONS OVER THE LOWER SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF
HALEAKALA AND OVER LEEWARD WEST MAUI. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF
WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND
SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS TO VOLUNTARILY REDUCE CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
WHILE THE EAST SIDE OF THE ISLAND HAD FLOODING PROBLEMS...LEEWARD
AREAS RECEIVED ONLY SPOTTY RAINFALL. MANY OF THE LIVESTOCK
OPERATIONS ON THE LEEWARD SIDE HAVE BEEN FORCED TO CONTINUE THE
COSTLY PURCHASE OF SUPPLEMENTAL FEED AND THE HAULING OF WATER. SOME
GROWERS HAVE ALSO BEEN USING PUBLIC WATER DUE TO INADEQUATE
RAINFALL. ONGOING DRY CONDITIONS ALONG THE SLOPES OF THE SOUTH
KOHALA AND NORTH KOHALA DISTRICTS HAVE ELEVATED THE RISK OF
SIGNIFICANT BRUSH FIRES.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND PROBABILITIES FAVOR PERSISTENCE INTO
THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERIC SUMMER SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON DECEMBER 19 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE WET SEASON.
THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON JANUARY 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR DECEMBER IN
THE NORMAL RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO FLOW AVERAGES AVAILABLE
FROM THE LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI AND THE BIG ISLAND WHERE THE WORST
DROUGHT CONDITIONS EXIST. BASED ON THE PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK...
STREAM FLOW AVERAGES SHOULD INCREASE OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF MONTHS
OR AT LEAST REMAIN NEAR NORMAL.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON FEBRUARY 6
2014 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT ELIMINATED ON KAUAI AND OAHU

730 AM HST THU DEC 5 2013


SYNOPSIS...
A PAIR OF LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS BROUGHT HEAVY RAINFALL TO PORTIONS OF
THE STATE OF HAWAII DURING THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER. HOWEVER...THE
HIGHEST AMOUNTS OCCURRED MAINLY OVER THE WEST HALF OF THE ISLAND
CHAIN WHICH HAS BEEN LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT. SMALL AREAS OF
MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...ON THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF KAUAI AND OAHU WERE FINALLY
ELIMINATED.

UNFORTUNATELY...RAINFALL WAS MUCH MORE LIMITED OVER THE EAST HALF OF
THE STATE AND THERE WERE ONLY MODEST IMPROVEMENTS IN A FEW AREAS.
AREAS OF EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...REMAINED FIRMLY IN
PLACE OVER MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND. FOR MAUI COUNTY THIS
INCLUDES THE LOWER SOUTHWESTERN SLOPE OF HALEAKALA NEAR KIHEI AND
PORTIONS OF WEST MOLOKAI SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR. THE
AREA OF SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CONDITIONS...WAS REDUCED OVER THE
UPCOUNTRY AREA AS MID-NOVEMBER RAINFALL OVER THE WINDWARD HALEAKALA
SLOPES HELPED RAISE WATER LEVELS IN THE DITCHES FEEDING RESERVOIRS.

ON THE BIG ISLAND...D3 CONDITIONS REMAINED OVER THE POHAKULOA REGION
OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND OVER A SMALL SECTION OF LEEWARD NORTH
KOHALA SOUTH OF HAWI. OCCASIONAL RAINFALL OVER THE SOUTHERN KAU
DISTRICT DURING THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS HAS HELPED DRIVE D2
CONDITIONS...OR SEVERE DROUGHT...DOWN TO THE D1 LEVEL FROM SOUTH
POINT TO PUNALUU.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE ARE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MOLOKAI.
AFTER A SMALL RISE IN EARLY NOVEMBER...THE WATER LEVEL IN THE
KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAS STARTED DROPPING AGAIN AND IS VERY LOW.
THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED ITS
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER USE FOR THIS
RESERVOIR SYSTEM.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED DATA SHOWED CONTINUED STRESS ON VEGETATION HEALTH
AND THAT THERE HAS BEEN NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES DURING THE PAST
MONTH. THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH THE BELOW AVERAGE NOVEMBER RAINFALL
TOTAL RECORDED BY A RAIN GAGE ON THE ISLAND.

MAUI.
A MID-NOVEMBER RAIN EVENT HELPED RESTORE WATER LEVELS IN UPCOUNTRY
RESERVOIRS. THIS ALLOWED THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY
TO CANCEL THEIR REQUEST FOR A VOLUNTARY 20 PERCENT CUTBACK IN WATER
USE BY UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE DEPARTMENT CONTINUES TO MAINTAIN
ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS TO
VOLUNTARILY REDUCE CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
VEGETATION CONDITIONS REMAIN DRY OVER THE HAMAKUA SLOPES FROM
LAUPAHOEHOE TO HONOKAA. RANCHERS OPERATING IN THE AREA HAVE BEEN
BUYING SUPPLEMENTAL FEED AND HAULING WATER. SEVERAL BRUSH FIRES
HAVE OCCURRED IN RECENT WEEKS ALONG THE SLOPES OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
AND NORTH KONA DISTRICTS. WHILE ARSON IS SUSPECTED AS THE
CAUSE...IT IS ALSO INDICATIVE OF THE DRY VEGETATION CONDITIONS IN
THOSE AREAS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND PROBABILITIES FAVOR PERSISTENCE
THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SPRING SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON NOVEMBER 21 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION THROUGH LATE WINTER. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD
OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON DECEMBER
19.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ON KAUAI AND OAHU HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR NOVEMBER
IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR ALL OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS IN MAUI COUNTY WERE IN THE NORMAL RANGE WHILE
STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND WERE IN THE BELOW NORMAL RANGE. BASED ON
THE PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK...STREAM FLOW AVERAGES SHOULD INCREASE
OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF MONTHS HEADING INTO THE PEAK OF THE WET
SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JANUARY 9
2014 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT INTENSIFYING AGAIN DESPITE THE START OF THE WET SEASON

815 AM HST THU NOV 7 2013


SYNOPSIS...
THE START OF THE 2013-2014 WET SEASON BROUGHT A FEW HEAVY RAIN
EVENTS TO THE STATE BUT THE RAINFALL COVERAGE WAS INCONSISTENT AND
MISSED MANY OF THE WORST DROUGHT AREAS...ESPECIALLY IN THE EAST HALF
OF THE ISLAND CHAIN. THE MAIN EXCEPTION WAS THE SOUTHEAST-FACING
SLOPES OF THE KAU DISTRICT ON THE BIG ISLAND WHERE ABOVE AVERAGE
RAINFALL HELPED EASE EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CONDITIONS ON THE U.S.
DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...TO THE D2 LEVEL...WHICH IS LABELED AS SEVERE
DROUGHT. ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE BIG ISLAND...A VERY DRY OCTOBER
PUSHED SEVERE DROUGHT UP INTO THE WAIMEA TOWN AND PUU KAPU SECTIONS
OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...AND MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1
CONDITIONS...INTO THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT.

THE ISLAND OF MAUI ALSO HAD AN OVERALL DRY OCTOBER WHICH CAUSED AN
EXPANSION OF DROUGHT COVERAGE. SEVERE DROUGHT IN CENTRAL MAUI
SPREAD INTO THE UPCOUNTRY AREA...AND MODERATE DROUGHT HAS
ENCOMPASSED MOST OF THE WINDWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA. EXTREME
DROUGHT COVERAGE IN MAUI COUNTY REMAINED UNCHANGED AND INCLUDED THE
LOWER SOUTHWESTERN SLOPE OF HALEAKALA FROM KAONOULU TO
ULUPALAKUA...AND PORTIONS OF WEST MOLOKAI SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR.

OVER THE WEST HALF OF THE STATE...RAINFALL FROM LATE SEPTEMBER AND
EARLY OCTOBER HELPED REDUCE MODERATE DROUGHT COVERAGE TO SMALL
SECTIONS OF LEEWARD KAUAI AND OAHU.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS OVER THE LOWER SLOPES OF
SOUTH KAUAI IMPROVED BUT CONDITIONS FROM WAIMEA TO BARKING SANDS
REMAINED DEGRADED.

OAHU.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS IMPROVED FOLLOWING THE
LATE SEPTEMBER AND MID-OCTOBER HEAVY RAIN EVENTS.
HOWEVER...CONDITIONS REMAINED DEGRADED FROM MAKAHA TO KAENA POINT.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR DROPPED FURTHER DURING
OCTOBER AND IS VERY LOW. ON SEPTEMBER 16...THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RESUMED A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION
IN IRRIGATION WATER USE.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES OVER THE PAST MONTH. SATELLITE-BASED DATA
SHOWED CONTINUED STRESS ON VEGETATION HEALTH. NO RECENT
GROUND-BASED VEGETATION OBSERVATIONS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED TO CONFIRM
THIS THOUGH IT IS CONSISTENT WITH THE LOW RAINFALL TOTALS RECORDED
BY A RAIN GAGE ON THE ISLAND.

MAUI.
DRY CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST MONTH HAVE DROPPED DITCH WATER LEVELS
FEEDING UPCOUNTRY RESERVOIRS. THIS HAS FORCED THE MAUI COUNTY
DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY TO INCREASE THE VOLUNTARY CUTBACK REQUEST
TO A 20 PERCENT REDUCTION FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE DEPARTMENT
HAS ALSO MAINTAINED ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH
MAUI RESIDENTS TO VOLUNTARILY REDUCE CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
THE NORMALLY WET UPPER KOHALA PASTURES HAVE BECOME VERY DRY AND ONE
LARGE RANCHING OPERATION IS MAKING PLANS TO DESTOCK CATTLE. THE
KOHALA DITCH REPORTED ITS LOWEST WATER LEVEL SINCE 1910 AND RANCHERS
ACROSS THE HAMAKUA AND KOHALA AREAS OF THE ISLAND HAVE BEEN BUYING
FEED AND HAULING WATER. RECENT RAINFALL HAS HELPED IMPROVE
VEGETATION IN THE KAU DISTRICT FROM KAPAPALA TO SOUTH POINT BUT MORE
RAINFALL IS NEEDED OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS TO SUSTAIN GROWTH.
THE KONA COFFEE BELT HAS BEEN RECEIVING RAINFALL BUT COVERAGE HAS
BEEN SPOTTY AND SOME FARMERS HAVE HAD TO CONTINUE IRRIGATION
OPERATIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND PROBABILITIES FAVOR PERSISTENCE INTO
THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SPRING SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON OCTOBER 17 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT
FAVOR ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH EARLY
WINTER...THEN TILT TOWARD BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FROM LATE
WINTER THROUGH SPRING. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON NOVEMBER 21.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ON KAUAI AND OAHU HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR OCTOBER IN
THE NEAR NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR ALL STREAMS IN MAUI COUNTY
AND ON THE BIG ISLAND WERE IN THE BELOW NORMAL RANGE. STREAM FLOW
AVERAGES SHOULD INCREASE OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF MONTHS AS THE HEART
OF THE WET SEASON APPROACHES.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON DECEMBER 5
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




EXTREME DROUGHT RETURNS TO MOLOKAI AND THE KAU DISTRICT OF THE BIG ISLAND

950 AM HST THU OCT 3 2013


SYNOPSIS...
OVERALL DRIER THAN NORMAL CONDITIONS IN THE EAST HALF OF THE STATE
HAVE INTENSIFIED DROUGHT IMPACTS ON PORTIONS OF WEST MOLOKAI AND THE
SOUTHEASTERN KAU DISTRICT OF THE BIG ISLAND. BOTH AREAS ARE NOW
CONSIDERED TO BE UNDER EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CONDITIONS...IN THE
U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP. OTHER AREAS OF EXTREME DROUGHT REMAIN
UNCHANGED. FOR MAUI THIS INCLUDES THE LOWER SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF
HALEAKALA FROM KAONOULU TO ULUPALAKUA RANCH. ON THE BIG ISLAND...D3
CONDITIONS CONTINUE TO PLAGUE THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA
DISTRICT AND THE LOWER LEEWARD ELEVATIONS OF THE NORTH KOHALA
DISTRICT SOUTH OF HAWI.

SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...ALSO PERSISTED ALONG THE LOWER
LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS FROM LAHAINA TO MAALAEA AS
WELL AS PORTIONS OF THE NORTH KONA...SOUTH KONA AND WESTERN KAU
DISTRICT ON THE BIG ISLAND.

RELATIVELY WET CONDITIONS DURING THE LATTER HALF OF SEPTEMBER SHOULD
RESULT IN A REDUCTION IN COVERAGE OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1
CONDITIONS...ALONG THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF KAUAI AND OAHU.
HOWEVER...IT IS TOO SOON TO TELL HOW MUCH OF A REDUCTION IS
WARRANTED.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION OVER THE LOWER SLOPES OF SOUTHWEST
KAUAI WERE IN POOR CONDITION THROUGH EARLY SEPTEMBER BUT RECENT
RAINS SHOULD HAVE HELPED EASE DROUGHT IMPACTS. IT IS TOO SOON TO
TELL HOW MUCH OF A BENEFIT THE RAINFALL HAS BEEN FOR AGRICULTURAL
INTERESTS.

OAHU.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS WERE DETERIORATING
THROUGH EARLY SEPTEMBER. HOWEVER...RECENT RAINFALL...WHICH EVEN
COVERED THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE...SHOULD HAVE HELPED
EASE SOME OF THE DROUGHT IMPACTS. IT IS TOO SOON TO TELL HOW MUCH
OF A BENEFICIAL IMPACT THE RAINS HAD FOR AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR CONTINUED TO SLOWLY DROP
DURING SEPTEMBER. AS A RESULT...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE RESUMED A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION
WATER USE. VEGETATION CONDITIONS OUTSIDE OF THE RESERVOIR SERVICE
AREA APPEAR TO HAVE DETERIORATED OVER THE PAST FEW WEEKS ACCORDING
TO SATELLITE-BASED DATA.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED DATA SHOW CONTINUED STRESS ON VEGETATION HEALTH.
NO RECENT GROUND-BASED VEGETATION OBSERVATIONS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED TO
CONFIRM THIS THOUGH IT IS CONSISTENT WITH THE LOW RAINFALL TOTALS
RECORDED BY A RAIN GAGE ON THE ISLAND.

MAUI.
ALTHOUGH UPCOUNTRY WATER SUPPLIES REMAIN LOW...LATE SEPTEMBER TRADE
WIND RAINFALL HELPED STABILIZE SUPPLY LEVELS. A DROUGHT WATCH
DECLARED BY THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY ASKS FOR A
VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY
RESIDENTS. THE DEPARTMENT HAS ALSO MAINTAINED ITS LONG STANDING
REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS TO VOLUNTARILY REDUCE
CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
ALMOST DAILY RAINFALL HAS BEEN OCCURRING ON THE WINDWARD SLOPES BUT
THE AMOUNT PER DAY HAS BEEN WELL BELOW NORMAL. SOME OF THE HAMAKUA
RANCHERS HAVE HAD TO HAUL WATER FOR LIVESTOCK REQUIREMENTS.
RANCHERS WORKING ALONG THE LOWER SLOPES OF THE SOUTHEASTERN KAU
DISTRICT HAVE REPORTED INADEQUATE FEED SUPPLIES. SOME ORNAMENTAL
PLANT GROWERS IN SOUTHWEST KAU HAVE RESORTED TO COSTLY WATER HAULING
SERVICES TO SUSTAIN OPERATIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND PROBABILITIES FAVOR PERSISTENCE
THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON SEPTEMBER 19 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR OCTOBER. PROBABILITIES DO NOT FAVOR
ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE FALL
AND THROUGH THE WINTER MONTHS. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE
ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON OCTOBER 17.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ON KAUAI AND OAHU HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR SEPTEMBER
IN THE NEAR NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR STREAMS IN MAUI COUNTY
AND ON THE BIG ISLAND WERE MOSTLY IN THE BELOW AVERAGE RANGE.
DESPITE THE PRECIPITATION FORECAST FAVORING BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION IN OCTOBER...STREAM FLOW IS EXPECTED TO INCREASE
DURING THE FALL MONTHS DUE TO A SEASONAL INCREASE IN RAINFALL.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON NOVEMBER 7
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT RETURNS TO KAUAI AND OAHU

1020 AM HST THU SEP 5 2013



SYNOPSIS...

ASIDE FROM THREE DAYS OF ENHANCED SHOWERS FROM THE REMNANT MOISTURE
OF TROPICAL CYCLONE GIL...AUGUST WAS YET ANOTHER DRIER THAN NORMAL
MONTH FOR MANY AREAS OF THE STATE. RECORD-BREAKING DRYNESS OVER
PORTIONS OF LEEWARD OAHU AND KAUAI RESULTED IN THE RETURN OF
MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP. MODERATE DROUGHT COVERAGE ALSO SPREAD FARTHER INTO UPCOUNTRY
MAUI DUE TO DECREASING RESERVOIR SUPPLY LEVELS FOR PUBLIC
CONSUMPTION.

THE OVERALL DRYNESS MEANT THAT EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3
CATEGORY...REMAINED UNCHANGED OVER PORTIONS OF LEEWARD MAUI AND THE
BIG ISLAND. FOR MAUI...THIS INCLUDES THE LOWER SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF
HALEAKALA FROM KAONOULU TO ULUPALAKUA RANCH. BIG ISLAND D3
CONDITIONS COVERED THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND
THE LOWER LEEWARD ELEVATIONS OF THE NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT SOUTH OF
HAWI.

SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...ALSO REMAINED UNCHANGED IN
SEVERAL LOCATIONS. ON MOLOKAI...LONG TERM RESTRICTIONS TO
IRRIGATION WATER USE KEPT D2 COVERAGE IN PLACE OVER THE HOOLEHUA
AREA OF THE ISLAND. MAUI/S SEVERE DROUGHT AREA MAINTAINED ITS
PRESENCE ALONG THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS
FROM LAHAINA TO MAALAEA. SEVERE DROUGHT COVERAGE ON THE BIG ISLAND
INCLUDED THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE SOUTHERN KAU DISTRICT NEAR
SOUTH POINT AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF THE NORTH KONA AND SOUTH KONA
DISTRICTS.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION OVER THE LOWER SLOPES OF SOUTHWEST
KAUAI WERE IN POOR CONDITION DUE TO THE LACK OF RAINFALL.

OAHU.
BRUSH FIRE ACTIVITY OVER LEEWARD AREAS HAS BEEN INCREASING IN RECENT
WEEKS AS PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION DRY OUT WITH THE
RECORD-BREAKING LACK OF RAINFALL.

MOLOKAI.
THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MAINTAINED A
MANDATORY REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION OF 20 PERCENT
FOR FARMERS SERVED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR. THE RESTRICTION WAS
REDUCED FROM 30 PERCENT TO 20 PERCENT ON APRIL 2 2013.

RAINFALL AND SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA INDICATED SOME
DRYNESS OCCURRING BUT NO DROUGHT IMPACTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED SO FAR
OUTSIDE OF THE AREAS SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW LITTLE CHANGE IN
CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST MONTH. NO RECENT GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
HAVE BEEN RECEIVED TO CONFIRM THIS.

MAUI.
BELOW AVERAGE RAINFALL OVER THE WINDWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA IN
RECENT WEEKS HAS REDUCED SUPPLY LEVELS FOR RESERVOIRS SERVICING THE
UPCOUNTRY AREA OF THE ISLAND. AS A RESULT...THE MAUI COUNTY
DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS DECLARED A DROUGHT WATCH FOR AREA
RESIDENTS AND HAS REQUESTED A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE. THE DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS ALSO MAINTAINED ITS
LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS TO
VOLUNTARILY REDUCE CONSUMPTION BY 10 PERCENT.

BIG ISLAND.
RANCHERS IN THE EXISTING DROUGHT AREAS CONTINUE TO SUPPLEMENT FEED
TO SUSTAIN HERDS. PRODUCERS IN THE LOWER SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT HAVE
HAD TO IRRIGATE TO SUSTAIN CROPS AND THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE REPORTED THAT CITRUS TREES IN THE KAPOHO AREA WERE
SHOWING SIGNS OF STRESS DUE TO THE BELOW AVERAGE RAINFALL AND WARM
TEMPERATURES.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST INTO THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE FALL SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON AUGUST 15 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE FALL. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD
OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON SEPTEMBER
19.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MONITORED
STREAMS FROM OAHU TO THE BIG ISLAND HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR AUGUST IN
THE NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR STREAMS ON KAUAI
WERE MOSTLY IN THE BELOW AVERAGE RANGE. FLOW LEVELS FROM OAHU TO
THE BIG ISLAND ARE EXPECTED TO DECREASE BASED ON THE FORECAST
PROBABILITIES FAVORING BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE FALL.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON OCTOBER 3
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




FLOSSIE DOES LITTLE FOR DROUGHT RELIEF

845 AM HST THU AUG 8 2013


SYNOPSIS...

MOST OF JULY WAS VERY DRY ACROSS THE STATE AND SOME SITES WERE
HEADING TOWARD A RECORD DRY MONTH. HOWEVER...TROPICAL CYCLONE
FLOSSIE PASSED JUST TO THE NORTH OF THE MAIN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS ON
JULY 29 AND 30 WITH ASSOCIATED RAIN BANDS BOOSTING RAINFALL TOTALS
AS THEY SWEPT WESTWARD ACROSS THE STATE. THE RAINFALL APPEARED TO
HAVE PREVENTED A WORSENING OF DROUGHT STATUS IN SOME AREAS BUT DID
NOT DO ENOUGH TO SHOW SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENTS.

THUS...EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...REMAINED IN PLACE OVER PORTIONS OF THE BIG ISLAND AND
THE ISLAND OF MAUI. THE D3 AREA IN THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE
HAMAKUA DISTRICT EXPANDED A BIT DURING EARLY JULY WITH ADDITIONAL
EXPANSION STALLED BY FLOSSIE/S RAINFALL. EXTREME DROUGHT OVER THE
NORTHWESTERN PORTION OF THE NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT DID NOT CHANGE AND
FOR THE MOST PART MISSED OUT ON THE TROPICAL CYCLONE/S
PRECIPITATION. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...RETURNED TO
THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT AND PORTIONS OF
THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...AND MAINTAINED ITS PRESENCE OVER THE
LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE SOUTHERN KAU DISTRICT NEAR SOUTH POINT.

DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN MAUI COUNTY ALSO REMAINED IN PLACE WITH
EXTREME DROUGHT CONTINUING OVER THE LOWER SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF
HALEAKALA IN THE KIHEI AND ULUPALAKUA AREAS. SEVERE DROUGHT ALSO
PERSISTED OVER THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS
FROM LAHAINA TO MAALAEA. MOLOKAI HAD ONGOING RESTRICTIONS TO
IRRIGATION WATER USE WHICH KEPT THE SEVERE DROUGHT DESIGNATION IN
PLACE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON KAUAI.

OAHU.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON OAHU.

MOLOKAI.
THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MAINTAINED A MANDATORY
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION OF 20 PERCENT FOR FARMERS
SERVED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR. THE RESTRICTION WAS REDUCED FROM
30 PERCENT TO 20 PERCENT ON APRIL 2 2013.

RAINFALL AND SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA INDICATED SOME
DRYNESS OCCURRING BUT NO DROUGHT IMPACTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED SO FAR
OUTSIDE OF THE AREAS SERVICED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW LITTLE CHANGE IN
CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST MONTH. NO RECENT GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
HAVE BEEN RECEIVED TO CONFIRM THIS.

MAUI.
INFORMATION FROM RANCHERS AND CROP PRODUCERS INDICATED THAT TROPICAL
CYCLONE FLOSSIE DID NOT PROVIDE MUCH BENEFIT IN THE EXISTING EXTREME
DROUGHT AREA. PASTURE CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY DRY. HEAVY RAINFALL
DURING THE AFTERNOON OF JULY 29 EITHER MISSED THE WORST DROUGHT
AREAS OR OCCURRED TOO QUICKLY TO SUBSTANTIALLY INCREASE SOIL
MOISTURE. BREEZY AND DRY TRADE WIND CONDITIONS FOLLOWING FLOSSIE
ALSO HELPED LIMIT MOISTURE BENEFITS.

THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED THEIR
LONG-STANDING REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY
CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS.

BIG ISLAND.
THE CONSENSUS FROM PRODUCERS ACROSS THE ISLAND WAS THAT FLOSSIE WAS
A BIG DISAPPOINTMENT IN TERMS OF RAINFALL. THE MOISTURE INCREASE
WAS QUICKLY OFFSET BY THE QUICK RETURN OF DRY AND GUSTY TRADE WINDS
IN THE PRIMARY DROUGHT AREAS. ON THE EAST-FACING SLOPES...CORN...
GINGER...AND SWEET POTATO FARMERS HAVE INDICATED THAT RAINFALL...
WHILE BELOW NORMAL IN AMOUNTS...HAVE BEEN SUFFICIENT SO FAR TO MEET
NEEDS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST INTO THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE FALL SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JULY 18 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REST OF THE SUMMER AND INTO THE
FALL. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE
PREDICTION CENTER ON AUGUST 15.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR JULY IN THE
NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE
EXPECTED TO REMAIN IN THIS RANGE DUE TO THE FORECAST PROBABILITIES
FAVORING BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE SUMMER AND INTO THE
FALL.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON SEPTEMBER 5
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DRY SEASON KICKS INTO GEAR AND DROUGHT ALREADY WORSENING ON THE BIG ISLAND

925 AM HST THU JUL 11 2013


SYNOPSIS...

AFTER A SLOW START...THE 2013 DRY SEASON BEGAN IN EARNEST DURING
JUNE. THIS WAS ESPECIALLY TRUE ON THE BIG ISLAND WHERE DROUGHT HAS
ALREADY STARTED TO WORSEN IN THE LEEWARD AREAS. EXTREME
DROUGHT...WHICH IS THE D3 CATEGORY ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...WAS REINTRODUCED IN THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA
DISTRICT AFTER A BRIEF RESPITE IN EARLY JUNE. A NEW AREA OF D3
CONDITIONS ALSO DEVELOPED OVER THE NORTHWESTERN PORTION OF THE NORTH
KOHALA DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...REMAINED IN
PLACE OVER THE UPPER SLOPES OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS
AND EXPANDED INTO THE WAIKOLOA AND PUAKO REGIONS OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT. IN THE KAU DISTRICT...THE AREA HIT HARDEST BY DROUGHT
CONTINUES TO BE THE LOWER ELEVATIONS NEAR SOUTH POINT WHICH HAS SEEN
A REDEVELOPMENT OF D2 CONDITIONS IN RECENT WEEKS.

IN MAUI COUNTY...EXTREME DROUGHT OVER THE LOWER SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF
HALEAKALA IN THE KIHEI AREA EXPANDED EASTWARD TO INCLUDE THE
ULUPALAKUA AREA. SEVERE DROUGHT REMAINED IN PLACE OVER THE LOWER
LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS FROM LAHAINA TO MAALAEA.
ON MOLOKAI...THE WATER SUPPLY LEVEL REMAINS LOW IN THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR SO THE SEVERE DROUGHT DESIGNATION REMAINS IN PLACE FOR
AGRICULTURE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON KAUAI.

OAHU.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON OAHU.

MOLOKAI.
ALTHOUGH RAINFALL TOTALS WERE BELOW AVERAGE IN JUNE FOR THE WEST
HALF OF THE ISLAND...SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA CONTINUE
TO SHOW FAIR TO GOOD CONDITIONS OVER MOST AREAS.

THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MAINTAINED A MANDATORY
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION OF 20 PERCENT FOR FARMERS
SERVED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR. THE RESTRICTION WAS REDUCED FROM
30 PERCENT TO 20 PERCENT ON APRIL 2 2013.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW LITTLE CHANGE IN
CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST MONTH. NO RECENT GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
HAVE BEEN RECEIVED TO CONFIRM THIS.

MAUI.
A REPORT OF IMPACTS TO ULUPALAKUA RANCH INDICATED THAT LONG TERM
DROUGHT CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN A HERD SIZE REDUCTION OF OVER 50
PERCENT COMPARED TO 5 YEARS AGO AND THE TOTAL CONTINUES TO FALL.
ESTIMATED FEED FOR LIVESTOCK WAS EVALUATED AT ONLY 31 PERCENT
COMPARED TO 2008 WITH AN ECONOMIC IMPACT ESTIMATED TO BE MORE THAN
HALF A MILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR.

THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED THEIR
LONG-STANDING REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY
CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS.

BIG ISLAND.
RANCHERS OPERATING IN THE NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT NEAR HAWI HAVE
DESTOCKED THEIR PASTURES DUE TO A LACK OF FEED AND RANCHERS WITH
HERDS NEAR SOUTH POINT WERE POISED TO DO THE SAME. THE POHAKULOA
AREA HAS BEEN DESCRIBED AS HAVING MOSTLY DIRT AND DUST INSTEAD OF
GROWING VEGETATION. RANCHERS OPERATING IN THE AREA HAVE BEEN
HAULING WATER TO SUSTAIN LIVESTOCK. WINDWARD SLOPES HAVE BEEN
RECEIVING ALMOST DAILY RAINFALL BUT THE AMOUNT PER DAY HAS BEEN
BELOW AVERAGE. WHILE THIS RAINFALL APPEARS TO BE SUFFICIENT SO FAR
FOR VEGETATION...IMPACTS MAY SOON OCCUR IF RAINFALL DEFICITS
INCREASE FURTHER.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST INTO THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE FALL SEASON.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JUNE 20 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT FAVOR
ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH JULY...THEN FAVOR BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE REST OF THE SUMMER AND INTO THE FALL.
THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON JULY 18.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATE THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ON OAHU HAVE FLOW AVERAGES FOR JUNE IN THE ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR JUNE ACROSS THE REST OF THE STATE
ARE IN THE NEAR TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS
ARE EXPECTED TO DECREASE DUE TO THE FORECAST PROBABILITIES FAVORING
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE SUMMER AND INTO THE FALL.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON AUGUST 8
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




WETTER THAN AVERAGE MAY EASES EXTREME DROUGHT ON THE BIG ISLAND

1001 AM HST THU JUN 6 2013


SYNOPSIS...

THE MONTH OF MAY PRODUCED ABOVE AVERAGE RAINFALL TOTALS IN MANY
AREAS OF THE STATE. THIS ANOMALOUS BOOST IN RAINFALL DURING WHAT
SHOULD BE THE START OF THE DRY SEASON BROUGHT WELCOME DROUGHT RELIEF
TO PORTIONS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND. EXTREME DROUGHT...OR
THE D3 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...FINALLY EASED TO
THE SEVERE DROUGHT CATEGORY...WHICH CORRESPONDS TO THE D2 LEVEL.
AREAS OF EXTREME DROUGHT HAVE PERSISTED THROUGH FIVE CONSECUTIVE WET
SEASONS ON THE BIG ISLAND AND IT IRONICALLY TOOK DRY SEASON RAINFALL
TO REMOVE IT. THE AREA OF SEVERE DROUGHT COVERAGE WAS ALSO REDUCED
AND IS CURRENTLY CONFINED TO A PORTION OF THE POHAKULOA REGION IN
THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND THE UPPER ELEVATIONS OF THE NORTH KONA AND
SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS. FORMER AREAS OF SEVERE DROUGHT HAVE BEEN
REPLACED WITH THE MODERATE DROUGHT DESIGNATION...OR D1 LEVEL
CONDITIONS. THESE AREAS INCLUDE MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT...LEEWARD AREAS OF THE NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT...AND PORTIONS
OF THE KAU DISTRICT.

CONDITIONS ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI ALSO IMPROVED BUT NOT TO THE EXTENT
AS ON THE BIG ISLAND. EXTREME DROUGHT REDUCED IN COVERAGE BUT HAS
REMAINED STUBBORNLY IN PLACE OVER THE LOWER SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF
HALEAKALA IN THE AREA OF KIHEI...KAMAOLE...AND KAONOULU. AREAS OF
SEVERE DROUGHT CONTINUED TO COVER LOWER LEEWARD ELEVATIONS FROM
LAHAINA TO MAALAEA...AND UPCOUNTRY MAUI NEAR ULUPALAKUA.

ON MOLOKAI...SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTS FOR AGRICULTURE AREAS SERVED BY
THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR DUE TO CONTINUED LOW SUPPLY LEVELS.
RESERVOIR WATER LEVELS HAVE INCREASED SLOWLY OVER THE PAST SEVERAL
MONTHS BUT HAVE NOT RISEN TO PRE-DROUGHT CONDITIONS.

RECENT IMPROVEMENTS TO DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE SHORT-LIVED AS THE
DRY SEASON HAS STARTED IN EARNEST ACROSS THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
MINIMAL AMOUNTS OF PRECIPITATION HAVE FALLEN SINCE THE LATE MAY
HEAVY RAINFALL.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON KAUAI.

OAHU.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON OAHU.

MOLOKAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW GOOD CONDITIONS OVER
MOST AREAS OF THE ISLAND. RECENT GROUND OBSERVATIONS CONFIRMED THAT
PASTURES WERE FINE NEAR HOOLEHUA.

THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MAINTAINED A MANDATORY
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION OF 20 PERCENT FOR FARMERS
SERVED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR. THE RESTRICTION WAS REDUCED FROM
30 PERCENT TO 20 PERCENT ON APRIL 2 2013.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW IMPROVEMENTS OVER THE
PAST MONTH...ESPECIALLY IN THE INTERIOR OF THE ISLAND. NO RECENT
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED TO CONFIRM THIS.

MAUI.
RECENT REPORTS INDICATED THAT PASTURES IN THE UPPER ELEVATIONS OF
UPCOUNTRY MAUI HAVE SHOWN MODEST IMPROVEMENTS BUT THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION. THESE LOWER PASTURES WERE
DESTOCKED MANY MONTHS AGO. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER
SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED THEIR LONG-STANDING REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS.

BIG ISLAND.
NEAR TO ABOVE AVERAGE RAINFALL HAS IMPROVED PASTURE CONDITIONS IN
MANY AREAS BUT THERE ARE STILL AREAS OF STUBBORN DRYNESS AND DROUGHT
IMPACTS. IN THE SOUTH KONA DISTRICT...THE UPPER ELEVATIONS HAVE
BEEN GETTING JUST LIGHT PRECIPITATION SO FARMERS HAVE STILL BEEN
HAULING WATER TO MEET OPERATIONAL NEEDS. SIMILARLY...THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF THE KAU DISTRICT NEAR SOUTH POINT HAVE BEEN GETTING
SOME RAINFALL BUT NOT ENOUGH TO SHOW SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENT.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SUMMER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MAY 16 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT FAVOR
ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH JUNE...THEN FAVOR BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE REST OF THE SUMMER. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
JUNE 20.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATE THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAVE FLOW AVERAGES FOR MAY IN THE
NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE
EXPECTED TO DECREASE DUE TO THE FORECAST PROBABILITIES FAVORING
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE SUMMER.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JULY 11
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




EXTREME DROUGHT SURVIVES A FIFTH CONSECUTIVE WET SEASON ON THE BIG ISLAND

805 AM HST THU MAY 9 2013



SYNOPSIS...

WHILE THE WEST HALF OF THE STATE SLOWLY PULLED OUT OF DROUGHT
THROUGH THE COURSE OF THE 2012-2013 WET SEASON...EXTREME
DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...PERSISTED THROUGH YET ANOTHER WET SEASON ON THE BIG ISLAND.
THE CURRENT AREA OF D3 CONDITIONS INCLUDES A PORTION OF THE
POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND THE LOWER SLOPES OF THE
SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT NEAR KAWAIHAE AND PUAKO. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR
D2 CONDITIONS...COVER THE REST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND ALSO
THE UPPER SLOPES OF THE NORTH KONA AND SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS.

THE ISLAND OF MAUI ALSO HAS PERSISTENT EXTREME DROUGHT OVER THE
SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF HALEAKALA INCLUDING THE KIHEI...KAMAOLE...AND
ULUPALAKUA AREAS. EXTREME DROUGHT ON MAUI HAS LASTED THROUGH TWO
CONSECUTIVE WET SEASONS. SEVERE DROUGHT CONTINUES TO COVER THE
LOWER SOUTHEAST SLOPE OF HALEAKALA NEAR KAUPO...AND THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF WEST MAUI FROM MAALAEA TO KAANAPALI.

DROUGHT CONTINUES TO EASE IN PORTIONS OF WEST MOLOKAI WITH THE
REMOVAL OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY. HOWEVER...SEVERE
DROUGHT PERSISTS FOR AGRICULTURE AREAS SERVED BY THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR DUE TO CONTINUED LOW SUPPLY LEVELS. RESERVOIR WATER
LEVELS HAVE INCREASED SLOWLY OVER THE PAST SEVERAL MONTHS BUT HAVE
NOT RISEN TO PRE-DROUGHT CONDITIONS.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON KAUAI.

OAHU.
SEVERAL LATE SEASON COLD FRONTS BROUGHT ENOUGH RAINFALL TO REMOVE
DROUGHT AS VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED. SEVERAL RAIN GAGES
IN WEST OAHU RECORDED THEIR HIGHEST APRIL RAINFALL TOTALS IN OVER 20
YEARS.

MOLOKAI.
WEST MOLOKAI CONTINUES TO SEE IMPROVING AGRICULTURE AND GENERAL
VEGETATION CONDITIONS. SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW
GOOD CONDITIONS OVER MOST AREAS OF THE ISLAND.

THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MAINTAINED A MANDATORY
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION OF 20 PERCENT FOR FARMERS
SERVED BY THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR. THE RESTRICTION WAS REDUCED FROM
30 PERCENT TO 20 PERCENT ON APRIL 2 2013.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW A DETERIORATION OF
CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST MONTH. HOWEVER... RAINFALL OVER THE PAST
WEEK MAY HAVE HALTED THE SLIDE TOWARD WORSE CONDITIONS.

MAUI.
ULUPALAKUA RANCH HAS JUST COMPLETED ITS DRIEST WET SEASON ON
RECORD. AN EARLY MAY COLD FRONT BROUGHT SOME NEEDED RAINFALL BUT
MUCH MORE IS NEEDED. PASTURES IN THE EXISTING DROUGHT
AREAS...ESPECIALLY IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS NEAR KIHEI...WERE
DESTOCKED MANY MONTHS AGO. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER
SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED THEIR LONG-STANDING REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS.

BIG ISLAND.
APRIL IS NORMALLY ONE OF THE WETTEST MONTHS OF THE YEAR FOR THE
EAST-FACING SLOPES OF THE BIG ISLAND. HOWEVER...A LACK OF TRADE
WIND RAINFALL RESULTED IN VERY DRY CONDITIONS. THE FARM SERVICE
AGENCY REPORTED THAT GINGER ROOT AND SWEET POTATO FARMERS ARE DOING
FINE SO FAR BUT DROUGHT IMPACTS WILL APPEAR IF DRY CONDITIONS
PERSIST THROUGH MAY. RANCHERS NEAR SOUTH POINT INDICATED THAT
PASTURE CONDITIONS ARE DETERIORATING FOLLOWING A BRIEF PERIOD OF
REGROWTH. THE DRY CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN BENEFICIAL TO SOME. A
RAMBUTAN FARMER MENTIONED RECENTLY THAT THE DRY WEATHER HAS
STIMULATED FLOWER GROWTH...THOUGH RAINFALL WILL BE NEEDED SOON.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SUMMER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON APRIL 18 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT
FAVOR ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF
SPRING. HOWEVER...EVEN WITH NORMAL PRECIPITATION...DECREASING
AMOUNTS OF RAINFALL ARE EXPECTED HEADING INTO THE DRIEST TIME OF THE
YEAR FOR MOST LOCATIONS IN THE STATE. THE SOLE EXCEPTION IS THE
KONA SLOPES OF THE BIG ISLAND WHICH IS THE ONLY AREA IN THE ISLAND
CHAIN WITH A DISTINCT SUMMER-TIME PEAK IN RAINFALL. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
MAY 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATE THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAVE FLOW AVERAGES FOR APRIL IN
THE BELOW NORMAL RANGE. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO
REMAIN LOW DUE TO THE ONSET OF THE DRY SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JUNE 6 2013
OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




AMENDED STATEMENT TO INCLUDE THE EASING OF WATER USE RESTRICTIONS ON MOLOKAI AND MAUI

855 AM HST WED APR 10 2013



SYNOPSIS...

SEVERAL COLD FRONTS AFFECTED THE STATE OF HAWAII DURING MARCH BUT
MOST OF THE ASSOCIATED RAINFALL OCCURRED OVER AREAS NOT UNDER
DROUGHT CONDITIONS. THE MAIN EXCEPTION IS MOLOKAI WHICH RECEIVED
SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL THAT ENABLED CONTINUED IMPROVEMENTS THROUGH THE
MONTH. IN THE WEST HALF OF THE ISLAND...MOST OF THE D2 AREA IN THE
U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...WHICH IS THE SEVERE DROUGHT
CATEGORY...HAS IMPROVED TO THE D1 LEVEL...OR MODERATE DROUGHT.
SEVERE DROUGHT IS CURRENTLY LIMITED TO JUST THE NORTH CENTRAL
SECTION OF MOLOKAI DUE TO LONG-STANDING LOW RESERVOIR SUPPLY LEVELS.

LIMITED RAINFALL OCCURRED IN LATE MARCH OVER THE EXISTING EXTREME
DROUGHT AREAS...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...ON THE BIG ISLAND AND THE
ISLAND OF MAUI. LOCALIZED SHOWERS ON THE WESTERN SIDE OF THE
POHAKULOA REGION ON THE BIG ISLAND ALLOWED FOR A SMALL AMOUNT OF
IMPROVEMENT TO THE D2 LEVEL BUT THE REMAINING D3 AREAS REMAINED
UNCHANGED. ON THE LOWER KONA SLOPES OF THE BIG ISLAND...RAINFALL
ACTIVITY HELPED BRING SEVERE DROUGHT DOWN TO THE MODERATE LEVEL.
DROUGHT IS ALSO IN A SLOW RETREAT ON LANAI WHERE SEVERE DROUGHT HAS
BEEN REDUCED TO A SMALL COVERAGE OVER THE SOUTHWEST SIDE OF THE
ISLAND.

ELSEWHERE...KAUAI REMAINS DROUGHT-FREE...THOUGH THE LOWER SOUTH
SLOPE HAS BEEN DRIER THAN NORMAL AND MAY SLIP BACK INTO DROUGHT
SOON. OAHU HAS JUST A SMALL AREA OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1
CATEGORY CONDITIONS...OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE.
RECENT RAINFALL MAY HAVE BEEN SUFFICIENT TO PRODUCE REGROWTH OF
PASTURES TO SHOW IMPROVEMENT IN DROUGHT CATEGORY.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON KAUAI.

OAHU.
NO CHANGES SINCE THE APRIL 4 UPDATE.
LATE MARCH RAINFALL OVER WEST OAHU MAY HAVE BEEN SUFFICIENT TO
SUPPORT SIGNIFICANT REGROWTH OF PASTURES BUT IT IS TOO SOON TO TELL
IF IT WAS ENOUGH TO REMOVE DROUGHT.

MOLOKAI.
WEST MOLOKAI CONTINUES TO SEE IMPROVING AGRICULTURE AND GENERAL
VEGETATION CONDITIONS. SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW
ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS OVER THE PAST MONTH.

WATER LEVELS AT THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAVE SLOWLY RISEN SINCE THE
BEGINNING OF THE YEAR. AS A RESULT...ON APRIL 2...THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EASED THE MANDATORY REDUCTION IN
IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION FROM 30 PERCENT TO 20 PERCENT.

LANAI.
NO CHANGES SINCE THE APRIL 4 UPDATE.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS
OVER THE PAST MONTH...ESPECIALLY OVER THE NORTHWESTERN PORTION OF
THE ISLAND.

MAUI.
ON MARCH 15...THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY ANNOUNCED
THE END TO THE VOLUNTARY REQUEST FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER
USE BY UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE ANNOUNCEMENT ENDED A RESTRICTION
THAT HAD BEEN IN PLACE SINCE JUNE 25 2009. HOWEVER...THE REQUEST
FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI
RESIDENTS REMAINED IN EFFECT. LEEWARD MAUI FROM KAMAOLE TO LAHAINA
RECEIVED SOME RAINFALL BUT NO DATA HAVE BEEN RECEIVED SO FAR
INDICATING THAT PASTURE CONDITIONS MARKEDLY IMPROVED. PASTURES IN
THE EXISTING DROUGHT AREAS WERE DESTOCKED MANY MONTHS AGO.

BIG ISLAND.
RAINFALL DATA AND FIELD REPORTS INDICATE THAT THE AGRICULTURAL AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS
OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS AS WELL AS THE WESTERN END OF
THE POHAKULOA REGION.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SUMMER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MARCH 21 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SPRING. EVEN WITH NORMAL
PRECIPITATION...MOST AREAS OF THE STATE ARE EXPECTED TO HAVE
DECREASING AMOUNTS OF RAINFALL AS THE NORMAL DRY SEASON (MAY THROUGH
SEPTEMBER) APPROACHES. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON APRIL 18.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATE THAT MONITORED STREAMS
ON THE ISLAND OF KAUAI HAVE FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR THE REMAINING ISLANDS ARE IN THE
NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED
STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT
AREAS. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO DECREASE AS THE
DRY SEASON APPROACHES AND EVEN MORE SO IF THE PROJECTED BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION VERIFIES CORRECTLY.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MAY 9 2013
OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$





SEVERE TO EXTREME DROUGHT AREAS ON THE BIG ISLAND AND IN MAUI COUNTY ARE EXPECTED TO SURVIVE AS THE END TO THE 2012-2013 WET SEASON APPROACHES

945 AM HST THU APR 4 2013



SYNOPSIS...

SEVERAL COLD FRONTS AFFECTED THE STATE OF HAWAII DURING MARCH BUT
MOST OF THE ASSOCIATED RAINFALL OCCURRED OVER AREAS NOT UNDER
DROUGHT CONDITIONS. THE MAIN EXCEPTION IS MOLOKAI WHICH RECEIVED
SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL THAT ENABLED CONTINUED IMPROVEMENTS THROUGH THE
MONTH. IN THE WEST HALF OF THE ISLAND...MOST OF THE D2 AREA IN THE
U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...WHICH IS THE SEVERE DROUGHT
CATEGORY...HAS IMPROVED TO THE D1 LEVEL...OR MODERATE DROUGHT.
SEVERE DROUGHT IS CURRENTLY LIMITED TO JUST THE NORTH CENTRAL
SECTION OF MOLOKAI DUE TO LONG-STANDING RESERVOIR SUPPLY LEVELS.

LIMITED RAINFALL OCCURRED IN LATE MARCH OVER THE EXISTING EXTREME
DROUGHT AREAS...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...ON THE BIG ISLAND AND THE
ISLAND OF MAUI. LOCALIZED SHOWERS ON THE WESTERN SIDE OF THE
POHAKULOA REGION ON THE BIG ISLAND ALLOWED FOR A SMALL AMOUNT OF
IMPROVEMENT TO THE D2 LEVEL BUT THE REMAINING D3 AREAS REMAINED
UNCHANGED. ON THE LOWER KONA SLOPES OF THE BIG ISLAND...RAINFALL
ACTIVITY HELPED BRING SEVERE DROUGHT DOWN TO THE MODERATE LEVEL.
DROUGHT IS ALSO IN A SLOW RETREAT ON LANAI WHERE SEVERE DROUGHT HAS
BEEN REDUCED TO A SMALL COVERAGE OVER THE SOUTHWEST SIDE OF THE
ISLAND.

ELSEWHERE...KAUAI REMAINS DROUGHT-FREE...THOUGH THE LOWER SOUTH
SLOPE HAS BEEN DRIER THAN NORMAL AND MAY SLIP BACK INTO DROUGHT
SOON. OAHU HAS JUST A SMALL AREA OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1
CATEGORY CONDITIONS...OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE.
RECENT RAINFALL MAY HAVE BEEN SUFFICIENT TO PRODUCE REGROWTH OF
PASTURES TO SHOW IMPROVEMENT IN DROUGHT CATEGORY.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON KAUAI.

OAHU.
LATE MARCH RAINFALL OVER WEST OAHU MAY HAVE BEEN SUFFICIENT TO
SUPPORT SIGNIFICANT REGROWTH OF PASTURES BUT IT IS TOO SOON TO TELL
IF IT WAS ENOUGH TO REMOVE DROUGHT.

MOLOKAI.
WEST MOLOKAI CONTINUES TO SEE IMPROVING AGRICULTURE AND GENERAL
VEGETATION CONDITIONS. SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW
ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS OVER THE PAST MONTH.

WATER LEVELS AT THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR HAVE SLOWLY RISEN SINCE THE
BEGINNING OF THE YEAR. WHILE THIS IS A POSITIVE SIGN...THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTINUES TO MAINTAIN A MANDATORY
30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
SATELLITE-BASED VEGETATION HEALTH DATA SHOW ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS
OVER THE PAST MONTH...ESPECIALLY OVER THE NORTHWESTERN PORTION OF
THE ISLAND.

MAUI.
LEEWARD MAUI RECEIVED SOME RAINFALL BUT NO DATA HAVE BEEN RECEIVED
SO FAR INDICATING THAT PASTURE CONDITIONS MARKEDLY IMPROVED.
PASTURES IN THE EXISTING DROUGHT AREAS WERE DESTOCKED MANY MONTHS
AGO. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY CONTINUED ITS LONG
STANDING REQUEST FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR
UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN
EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
RAINFALL DATA AND FIELD REPORTS INDICATE THAT THE AGRICULTURAL AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS
OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS AS WELL AS THE WESTERN END OF
THE POHAKULOA REGION.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SUMMER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MARCH 21 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SPRING. EVEN WITH NORMAL
PRECIPITATION...MOST AREAS OF THE STATE ARE EXPECTED TO HAVE
DECREASING AMOUNTS OF RAINFALL AS THE NORMAL DRY SEASON (MAY THROUGH
SEPTEMBER) APPROACHES. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON APRIL 18.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATE THAT MONITORED STREAMS
ON THE ISLAND OF KAUAI HAVE FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE. FLOW AVERAGES FOR THE REMAINING ISLANDS ARE IN THE
NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED
STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT
AREAS. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO DECREASE AS THE
DRY SEASON APPROACHES AND EVEN MORE SO IF THE PROJECTED BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION VERIFIES CORRECTLY.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MAY 9 2013
OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




EXTREME DROUGHT REMAINS IN PLACE OVER LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND AS EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OCCURS ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES

845 AM HST THU MAR 7 2013



SYNOPSIS...

WET TRADE WIND CONDITIONS IN FEBRUARY BROUGHT ABOVE AVERAGE AMOUNTS
OF RAINFALL TO THE WINDWARD AREAS OF THE STATE. HOWEVER...THE
PERSISTENT TRADE WINDS ALSO MEANT THAT BELOW AVERAGE RAINFALL
OCCURRED OVER THE LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI AND THE BIG ISLAND WHICH
HAVE BEEN HIT HARDEST BY THE ONGOING DROUGHT. FOR SEVERAL
MONTHS...THESE AREAS HAVE BEEN CLASSIFIED AS UNDER EXTREME
DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP. ON MAUI...THE AREA OF D3 COVERAGE INCLUDES KIHEI...LOWER
KULA...ULUPALAKUA...AND THE LOWER KAUPO AREAS. EXTREME DROUGHT ON
THE BIG ISLAND INCLUDES THE KAWAIHAE AREA OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT AND THE POHAKULOA AREA OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT.

IN MAUI COUNTY...SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...
PERSISTS OVER WEST MOLOKAI...SOUTH LANAI...AND THE LOWER ELEVATIONS
OF WEST MAUI FROM MAALAEA TO LAHAINA. BIG ISLAND SEVERE DROUGHT
COVERAGE INCLUDES MOST OF THE NORTH KONA AND SOUTH KONA
DISTRICTS...AND THE WEST-FACING SLOPES OF THE KAU DISTRICT.

KAUAI HAS BEEN ABLE TO REMAIN DROUGHT-FREE...AND OAHU HAS JUST A
SMALL AREA OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...OVER
THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO DROUGHT AREAS ON KAUAI.

OAHU.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS OVER THE LEEWARD WAIANAE
RANGE IMPROVED FOLLOWING JANUARY RAINFALL BUT A LACK OF FOLLOW-UP
RAIN IN FEBRUARY STALLED ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS.

MOLOKAI.
A REPORT FROM THE HOOLEHUA AREA INDICATED THAT VEGETATION
CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN IMPROVING. THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH
IMPROVEMENTS SEEN IN VEGETATION HEALTH DATA FROM REMOTE SENSING
SOURCES.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR SHOWED A SMALL INCREASE IN
THE PAST MONTH BUT REMAINS LOW. THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGE SINCE THE FEBRUARY 7 UPDATE. VEGETATION
HEALTH DATA FROM REMOTE SENSING SOURCES SHOW LITTLE CHANGE IN
CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST MONTH.

MAUI.
LEEWARD MAUI RECEIVED SOME RAINFALL BUT COVERAGE WAS NOT WIDESPREAD
WHICH PREVENTED SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENTS. PASTURES IN THE EXISTING
DROUGHT AREAS WERE DESTOCKED SEVERAL MONTHS AGO. THE MAUI COUNTY
DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY CONTINUED ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR A
5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE
REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH
MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
RAINFALL OVER THE PAST TWO MONTHS HELPED MANY AREAS OF THE KAU
DISTRICT BUT PASTURES IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS NEAR SOUTH POINT HAVE
NOT RECEIVED AS MUCH BENEFICIAL RAIN. PASTURES REMAIN IN POOR
CONDITION BELOW 500 FEET WHILE FARTHER UPSLOPE CONDITIONS ARE MUCH
BETTER. PORTIONS OF THE POHAKULOA AREA RECENTLY RECEIVED RAINFALL
BUT THE COVERAGE WAS VERY INCONSISTENT AND IT IS UNCLEAR AT PRESENT
HOW MUCH...IF ANY...IMPROVEMENT OCCURRED.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SPRING.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON FEBRUARY 21 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT
FAVOR ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE REST OF THE WET
SEASON...OR THROUGH THE END OF APRIL. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK
WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON MARCH 21.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE FEBRUARY 7 UPDATE. DATA FROM THE
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SHOWED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS
ACROSS THE STATE CONTINUED TO HAVE FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL TO
ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON THE
BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS.
AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO RANK IN THE NEAR NORMAL
RANGE BASED ON SEASONAL CONSIDERATIONS.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON APRIL 4
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




JANUARY RAINFALL EASES DROUGHT IN ALL FOUR COUNTIES IN THE STATE OF HAWAII

900 AM HST THU FEB 7 2013



SYNOPSIS...

SEVERAL HEAVY RAIN EVENTS IN JANUARY BROUGHT VARYING LEVELS OF
DROUGHT RELIEF TO ALL FOUR COUNTIES ACROSS THE STATE. FOR SOME
LOCATIONS IT WAS THE WETTEST JANUARY IN AT LEAST FIVE YEARS.
CONDITIONS ON KAUAI HAVE IMPROVED TO THE POINT WHERE THE ENTIRE
ISLAND IS NOW DROUGHT-FREE. OAHU HAS ONLY A SMALL AREA OF MODERATE
DROUGHT...OR D1 CATEGORY CONDITIONS IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WAIANAE RANGE. IMPROVEMENTS
ALSO OCCURRED OVER LANAI AND WEST MOLOKAI. EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3
CATEGORY CONDITIONS...IMPROVED TO SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2
CONDITIONS...IN BOTH AREAS.

UNFORTUNATELY...LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI AND THE BIG ISLAND DID NOT
RECEIVE AS MUCH RAINFALL AS THE WEST HALF OF THE STATE AND RAINFALL
COVERAGE WAS LESS CONSISTENT. IMPROVEMENTS IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS
OCCURRED ON BOTH ISLANDS BUT THE EXTENT OF THESE IMPROVEMENTS WAS
MUCH MORE LIMITED. THUS...EXTREME DROUGHT ON MAUI REMAINS OVER THE
KIHEI...LOWER KULA...ULUPALAKUA...AND THE LOWER KAUPO AREAS. SEVERE
DROUGHT EASED TO MODERATE DROUGHT NEAR THE PUKALANI AND MAKAWAO
AREAS. ON THE BIG ISLAND...EXTREME DROUGHT CONTINUED OVER THE
KAWAIHAE AREA OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND THE POHAKULOA AREA OF
THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT. EXTREME DROUGHT EASED TO SEVERE DROUGHT OVER
THE SOUTHERN KAU DISTRICT AND THE WAIKOLOA AREA OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT REMAINED IN PLACE OVER MOST OF THE NORTH
KONA AND SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
SUFFICIENT RAINFALL OCCURRED OVER THE PAST MONTH TO HELP CONTINUE
PASTURE IMPROVEMENTS TO THE POINT WHERE THE ISLAND IS NO LONGER
CONSIDERED TO BE UNDER DROUGHT.

OAHU.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS OVER THE LEEWARD WAIANAE
RANGE HAVE BEEN IMPROVING AS A RESULT OF RAINFALL IN JANUARY. MORE
RAINFALL IS NEEDED TO SUSTAIN THE RECOVERY PROCESS.

MOLOKAI.
PORTIONS OF MOLOKAI HAD ITS WETTEST MONTH IN OVER FIVE YEARS. RECENT
GROUND REPORTS ARE NOT AVAILABLE BUT VEGETATION HEALTH DATA FROM
REMOTE SENSING SOURCES INDICATE THAT PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION
CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED. IT REMAINS TO BE SEEN HOW MUCH ADDITIONAL
RAINFALL WILL OCCUR TO SUSTAIN THE IMPROVEMENTS.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR SHOWED ONLY A SMALL
INCREASE IN THE PAST MONTH AND REMAINS LOW. THUS...THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A MANDATORY 30
PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
A RECENT GROUND REPORT IS NOT AVAILABLE BUT VEGETATION HEALTH DATA
FROM REMOTE SENSING SOURCES INDICATE THAT PASTURES AND GENERAL
VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE IMPROVED IN THE PAST MONTH WHICH IS
CONSISTENT WITH THE INCREASE IN RAINFALL.

MAUI.
LEEWARD MAUI RECEIVED SOME RAINFALL OVER THE PAST MONTH WHICH HELPED
KEEP POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS FROM WORSENING OR SPREADING. THE MAUI
COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY CONTINUED ITS LONG STANDING
REQUEST FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY
RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY
CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
THE KAU DISTRICT HAS RECEIVED ENOUGH RAINFALL TO SUPPORT GOOD
PASTURE AND GENERAL VEGETATION RECOVERY. PORTIONS OF THE SOUTH
KOHALA DISTRICT NEAR WAIKOLOA RECEIVED ENOUGH RAINFALL TO SUPPORT
REGROWTH OF GRASSES AS WELL. HOWEVER...PASTURES IN THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT NEAR AND NORTH OF KAWAIHAE
STILL CANNOT SUPPORT GRAZING. VEGETATION IN THE POHAKULOA AREA ALSO
REMAINS VERY DRY AND FIRE OFFICIALS CONTINUE TO RATE THE AREA AS
UNDER EXTREME FIRE RISK.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SPRING.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JANUARY 17 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE REST OF THE WET SEASON...OR
THROUGH THE END OF APRIL. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED
BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON FEBRUARY 21.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SHOWED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL
TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON
THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS.
AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO RANK IN THE NEAR NORMAL
RANGE BASED ON SEASONAL CONSIDERATIONS.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MARCH 7
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




WET TRADES EASE WINDWARD DRYNESS WHILE LEEWARD DROUGHT EXPANDS IN MAUI COUNTY

1005 AM HST THU JAN 10 2013


SYNOPSIS...

WET TRADE WIND CONDITIONS BROUGHT AMPLE AMOUNTS OF RAINFALL TO THE
EAST-FACING SLOPES. PERIODS OF STRONG TRADE WINDS HELPED BLOW
RAINFALL INTO SOME OF THE LEEWARD AREAS OF THE SMALLER ISLANDS.
HOWEVER...LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND REMAINED
VERY DRY. THIS PERSISTENT LEEWARD DRYNESS PRODUCED AN EXPANSION OF
EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS IN THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...IN PORTIONS OF MAUI COUNTY. ON THE ISLAND OF
MAUI...THE D3 AREA OVER KIHEI SPREAD NORTHWARD INTO LOWER KULA AND
EASTWARD INTO ULUPALAKUA AND KAUPO. ON MOLOKAI...THE EXISTING
EXTREME DROUGHT AREA OVER WESTERN MOLOKAI SPREAD EASTWARD INTO THE
CENTRAL PORTION OF THE ISLAND.

EXTREME DROUGHT REMAINS UNCHANGED ON THE BIG ISLAND AND CONTINUES
TO COVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...THE POHAKULOA REGION OF
THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT...THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI IN THE
NORTH KONA DISTRICT...AND THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTHWEST KAU.

ON KAUAI...THE AREA OF SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...DECREASED OVER THE PAST MONTH AND IS
CONFINED TO THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTH KAUAI FROM POIPU TO
HANAPEPE. SEVERE DROUGHT ALSO CONTINUED OVER WEST OAHU FROM
NANAKULI TO MAKAHA...THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI
MOUNTAINS...AND IN THE HUMUULA SADDLE REGION OF THE BIG ISLAND.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
RAINFALL OVER THE PAST MONTH HAS HELPED IMPROVE PASTURE CONDITIONS
BUT FURTHER IMPROVEMENTS ARE NEEDED FOR FULL RECOVERY. RANCHERS
WILL NOT YET RESTOCK PASTURES UNTIL PASTURES IMPROVE FURTHER.

OAHU.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION
OVER THE LEEWARD WAIANAE RANGE AS MOST OF THE RAINFALL ACTIVITY OVER
THE PAST MONTH HAS OCCURRED MOSTLY OVER THE KOOLAU RANGE. WEST OAHU
RANCHERS DESTOCKED PASTURES SEVERAL MONTHS AGO DUE TO POOR GRAZING
CONDITIONS.

MOLOKAI.
VERY POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS IN WEST MOLOKAI HAVE SPREAD EASTWARD
INTO THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE ISLAND. RANCHERS HAVE BEEN CULLING
HERDS AT A GREATER THAN NORMAL RATE.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR INCREASED A FEW FEET OVER
THE PAST MONTH BUT REMAINS VERY LOW. THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE DECEMBER 6 UPDATE. EARLIER REPORTS
INDICATED THAT THE MIDDLE AND LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE
ISLAND...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE NORTH-...EAST- AND SOUTH-FACING
SLOPES...WERE VERY DRY AND PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN THESE AREAS HAVE
BEEN STRUGGLING TO SURVIVE.

MAUI.
LEEWARD MAUI WAS VERY DRY OVER THE PAST MONTH CAUSING POOR PASTURE
CONDITIONS TO SPREAD INTO THE LOWER KULA...ULUPALAKUA AND KAUPO
AREAS. RANCHERS HAVE BEEN CULLING HERDS AT A GREATER THAN NORMAL
RATE IN THESE AREAS. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY
CONTINUED ITS LONG STANDING REQUEST FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO
REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
IN EARLY DECEMBER WAILUKU RIVER AT RAINBOW FALLS STOPPED FLOWING BUT
RESUMED BY MID-DECEMBER AND AVERAGE FLOW WAS RECENTLY ABOVE THE 75TH
PERCENTILE. HOWEVER...CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY POOR FOR PASTURES AND
NON-IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE IN MOST OF THE KAU AND LEEWARD KOHALA
SECTIONS OF THE ISLAND.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON DECEMBER 20 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR JANUARY BUT DO NOT TILT IN FAVOR OF
ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE REST OF THE WET SEASON
AFTERWARD. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE
PREDICTION CENTER ON JANUARY 17.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SHOWED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND...KAUAI AND MAUI HAD FLOW
AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL RANGE. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE OAHU FLOW
AVERAGES WERE BELOW NORMAL. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED
STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT
AREAS. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO MAINTAIN CURRENT
LEVELS EXCEPT FOR OAHU WHERE FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE TO
THE NEAR NORMAL RANGE BASED ON CURRENT TRENDS...THE LONG LEAD
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK...AND SEASONAL CONSIDERATIONS.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON FEBRUARY 7
2013 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




2012-2013 WET SEASON TWO MONTHS OVERDUE

105 PM HST THU DEC 6 2012


SYNOPSIS...

IN OCTOBER AND NOVEMBER...RECORD LOW PRECIPITATION TOTALS OCCURRED
AT SEVERAL LOCATIONS IN THE STATE. FORTUNATELY FOR KAUAI...THE
FIRST WEEK OF DECEMBER PRODUCED 2 TO 4 INCHES OF RAINFALL WHICH
SHOULD HELP BRING SOME DROUGHT RELIEF BUT THE REST OF THE STATE HAS
THUS FAR REMAINED DRY. THE DROUGHT DEPICTION FOR KAUAI REMAINED
UNCHANGED OVER THE PAST MONTH. THIS INCLUDES EXTREME DROUGHT...OR
D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...OVER THE
SOUTHEASTERN PORTION OF THE ISLAND...AND SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2
CATEGORY...OVER SOUTH KAUAI FROM KOLOA TO WAIMEA. IT IS TOO SOON TO
TELL HOW MUCH IMPROVEMENT THE RECENT RAINS WILL BRING THOUGH IT IS
ESTIMATED TO BE ABOUT ONE D-CATEGORY WORTH OF CHANGE.

EXTREME DROUGHT ALSO REMAINS IN PLACE OVER THE SOUTHWEST SLOPES OF
LANAI...WESTERN MOLOKAI AND SOUTHWEST MAUI FROM KIHEI TO MAKENA.
BIG ISLAND EXTREME DROUGHT CONTINUES TO COVER MOST OF THE SOUTH
KOHALA DISTRICT...THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT...THE
NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT AND THE
LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTHWEST KAU. SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTS IN MAUI
COUNTY ON CENTRAL AND NORTHEASTERN AREAS OF LANAI...THE LOWER
LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS...AND THE WESTERN SLOPES
OF HALEAKALA FROM HAIKU TO KAUPO. ON THE BIG ISLAND...THE MAIN AREA
OF SEVERE DROUGHT IS IN THE HUMUULA SADDLE. MODERATE DROUGHT...OR
THE D1 CATEGORY...EXPANDED INTO THE SOUTH HILO AND PUNA DISTRICTS IN
RECENT WEEKS.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE NOVEMBER 8 UPDATE. PASTURES NEAR
KOLOA AND MAHAULEPU IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PORTION OF THE ISLAND HAVE
ALREADY BEEN DESTOCKED. CATTLE WEIGHTS HAVE ALSO BEEN SIGNIFICANTLY
REDUCED DUE TO POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS.

OAHU.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE NOVEMBER 8 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION OVER THE LEEWARD WAIANAE
RANGE. WEST OAHU RANCHERS HAVE DESTOCKED PASTURES DUE TO POOR
GRAZING CONDITIONS.

DESPITE THE RECORD DRY CONDITIONS...THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS ABOVE PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. A VOLUNTARY
10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE REMAINS IN PLACE AS A PRECAUTION.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE NOVEMBER 8 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY POOR WEST OF KAUNAKAKAI.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW.
THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE NOVEMBER 8 UPDATE. THE MIDDLE AND
LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE ISLAND...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE NORTH-...EAST-
AND SOUTH-FACING SLOPES...REMAIN VERY DRY AND PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN
THESE AREAS HAVE BEEN STRUGGLING TO SURVIVE. EVEN DROUGHT-RESISTANT
PLANTS AND TREES SUCH AS KIAWE WERE STRUGGLING UNDER THE DRY
CONDITIONS. MOUFLON SHEEP...AXIS DEER AND GAME BIRD POPULATIONS
HAVE BEEN REDUCED.

MAUI.
RECENT RAINFALL OVER SOUTH MAUI NEAR ULUPALAKUA AND KEPUNI HELPED
IMPROVE DROUGHT CONDITIONS BUT ONLY IN SMALL AREAS DUE TO THE HIGHLY
LOCALIZED NATURE OF THE SHOWERS. THERE HAVE BEEN NO ADDITIONAL
IMPACTS RECENTLY BECAUSE THE PASTURES IN THE WORST DROUGHT AREAS
HAVE ALREADY BEEN DESTOCKED. PRODUCTION AT THE OLINDA WATER
TREATMENT FACILITY REMAINED BELOW NORMAL DUE TO A LOW WATER SUPPLY.
THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY CONTINUED ITS LONG
STANDING REQUEST FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR
UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN
EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL HAS FORCED SOME FARMERS TO HAUL WATER IN THE
NORMALLY WET PUNA DISTRICT. ALTHOUGH RAINFALL IS ALSO BELOW NORMAL
ALONG THE LOWER NORTHEASTERN SLOPES...RECENT REPORTS INDICATE THAT
THERE APPEARS TO BE SUFFICIENT RAINFALL TO MEET NEEDS AND THAT
VEGETATION IN MOST AREAS IS STILL GREEN. CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY
POOR FOR PASTURES AND NON-IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE IN MOST OF THE KAU
AND LEEWARD KOHALA SECTIONS OF THE ISLAND.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE AND ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON NOVEMBER 15 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT
TILT IN FAVOR OF ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION.
HOWEVER...DECEMBER IS NORMALLY ONE OF THE WETTEST MONTHS OF THE YEAR
SO AN INCREASE IN RAINFALL RELATIVE TO THE LAST SEVERAL MONTHS IS
EXPECTED STRICTLY BASED ON SEASONAL ARGUMENTS. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD
OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON DECEMBER
20.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SHOWED THAT ALL OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES IN THE BELOW
NORMAL RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG
ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS. AVERAGE
STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE BASED ON SEASONAL
ARGUMENTS INDICATED IN THE PREVIOUS SECTION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JANUARY 10
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




VERY SLOW START TO THE 2012-2013 WET SEASON

930 AM HST THU NOV 8 2012


SYNOPSIS...

INSTEAD OF A SEASONAL INCREASE IN RAINFALL OCTOBER BROUGHT RECORD
LOW PRECIPITATION TOTALS AT SEVERAL LOCATIONS ACROSS THE STATE.
MOST OF THE RECORDS BROKEN WERE ON KAUAI AND OAHU WHICH RESULTED IN
A DEGRADATION OF EXISTING DROUGHT CONDITIONS. ON KAUAI...EXISTING
SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS IN THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...WORSENED TO EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...IN
THE SOUTHEASTERN PORTION OF THE ISLAND. FOR OAHU...MODERATE
DROUGHT...OR D1 CONDITIONS...WORSENED TO SEVERE DROUGHT LEVELS ON
THE LEEWARD AREAS OF THE WAIANAE RANGE.

THE REST OF THE STATE REMAINS LARGELY UNCHANGED IN TERMS OF DROUGHT
COVERAGE. EXTREME DROUGHT IS ENTRENCHED OVER THE SOUTHWEST SLOPES
OF LANAI...WESTERN MOLOKAI AND SOUTHWEST MAUI FROM KIHEI TO MAKENA.
BIG ISLAND EXTREME DROUGHT COVERAGE INCLUDES MOST OF THE SOUTH
KOHALA DISTRICT...THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT...THE
NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT AND THE
LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTHWEST KAU. SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN
MAUI COUNTY COVER CENTRAL AND NORTHEASTERN LANAI...THE LOWER LEEWARD
SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS...AND THE WESTERN SLOPES OF
HALEAKALA FROM HAIKU TO KAUPO. ON THE BIG ISLAND...THE MAIN AREA OF
SEVERE DROUGHT IS IN THE HUMUULA SADDLE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
EARLIER REPORTS INDICATED POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS IN THE AREA FROM
KALAHEO TO HANAPEPE. OTHER AREAS WITH POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS
INCLUDE THE REGION FROM KOLOA TO MAHAULEPU...AND FROM KEALIA TO
KALEPA. THE WATER LEVEL IN THE ALEXANDER RESERVOIR IN SOUTH KAUAI
HAS DROPPED SO LOW THAT IRRIGATION WATER SERVICE HAS BEEN
SUSPENDED. CATTLE HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM THE MAHAULEPU AREA DUE TO
POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS.

OAHU.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION OVER THE
LEEWARD WAIANAE RANGE. WEST OAHU RANCHERS HAVE DESTOCKED PASTURES
DUE TO POOR GRAZING CONDITIONS.

DESPITE THE RECORD DRY CONDITIONS...THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS ABOVE PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. A VOLUNTARY
10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE REMAINS IN PLACE AS A PRECAUTION.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE OCTOBER 4 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY POOR WEST OF KAUNAKAKAI.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW.
THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE OCTOBER 4 UPDATE. AN EARLIER
REPORT FROM LANAI INDICATED THAT THE MIDDLE AND LOWER ELEVATIONS OF
THE ISLAND...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE NORTH-...EAST- AND SOUTH-FACING
SLOPES...REMAIN VERY DRY AND THAT PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN THESE AREAS
HAVE BEEN STRUGGLING TO SURVIVE. EVEN DROUGHT-RESISTANT PLANTS AND
TREES SUCH AS KIAWE WERE STRUGGLING UNDER THE DRY CONDITIONS.
MOUFLON SHEEP...AXIS DEER AND GAME BIRD POPULATIONS HAVE BEEN
REDUCED.

MAUI.
A LOW WATER SUPPLY HAS REDUCED PRODUCTION AT THE OLINDA WATER
TREATMENT FACILITY IN UPCOUNTRY MAUI. PASTURES AND GENERAL
VEGETATION CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY POOR IN SOUTHWEST
MAUI...ESPECIALLY FROM KAONOULU TO KAMAOLE. PASTURES IN THIS AREA
AND NEAR KAUPO WERE DESTOCKED SEVERAL MONTHS AGO DUE TO LACK OF
SUFFICIENT FORAGE. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS
CONTINUED THE ONGOING CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE
FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO REMAINS IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE OCTOBER 4 UPDATE. THE RECENT BELOW
AVERAGE RAINFALL HAS SO FAR NOT PRODUCED SIGNIFICANT IMPACTS OVER
THE WINDWARD SECTIONS OF THE ISLAND THOUGH THIS WILL CHANGE IF
RAINFALL FAILS TO INCREASE SOON. EARLIER REPORTS FROM THE
KAU...NORTH KONA...SOUTH KONA AND SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICTS INDICATED
SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT IMPACTS TO THE RANCHING, ORNAMENTAL PLANT, FRUIT
ORCHARD, AND BEE INDUSTRIES.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE. PROBABILITIES FAVOR THE PERSISTENCE OF
ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON OCTOBER 18 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REST OF 2012. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
NOVEMBER 15.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SHOWED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES IN THE BELOW
NORMAL RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG
ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS. AVERAGE
STREAM FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN BELOW NORMAL BASED ON THE
LATEST PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON DECEMBER 6
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




THE 2012-2013 WET SEASON BEGINS WITH MORE THAN HALF OF THE STATE IN DROUGHT

930 AM HST THU OCT 4 2012



SYNOPSIS...

THE 2012 HAWAIIAN ISLANDS DRY SEASON HAS CONCLUDED AND AS
EXPECTED...LARGE AREAS OF THE STATE...ESPECIALLY IN THE LEEWARD
AREAS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND...HEAD INTO THE NEW WET
SEASON UNDER SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT.

AREAS OF EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...REMAIN FIRMLY IN PLACE. IN MAUI COUNTY...THIS
INCLUDES THE SOUTHWEST SLOPES OF LANAI...WESTERN MOLOKAI AND
SOUTHWEST MAUI FROM KIHEI TO MAKENA. ON THE BIG ISLAND...EXTREME
DROUGHT CONTINUES TO COVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...THE
POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES
OF HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT. EXTREME DROUGHT HAS ALSO
REDEVELOPED OVER THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTHWEST KAU.

ON KAUAI...SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...COVERS THE
LOWER ELEVATIONS FROM KEALIA TO KOLOA...THEN WESTWARD TO WAIMEA.
MAUI COUNTY D2 CONDITIONS INCLUDE THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE
WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS AND THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA FROM KULA TO
KAUPO. ON THE BIG ISLAND...THE MAIN AREA OF SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTS
IN THE HUMUULA SADDLE.

AN INCREASE IN RAINFALL OVER THE NORTHEAST HALF OF OAHU HAS REDUCED
THE AREA OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CONDITIONS...WHICH IS NOW
MAINLY CONFINED TO THE LEEWARD SECTIONS OF THE WAIANAE RANGE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE SEPTEMBER 6 UPDATE. RECENT REPORTS
INDICATED POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS IN THE AREA FROM KALAHEO TO
HANAPEPE. OTHER AREAS WITH POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS INCLUDE THE
REGION FROM KOLOA TO MAHAULEPU...AND FROM KEALIA TO KALEPA.

OAHU.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION OVER THE
LEEWARD WAIANAE RANGE. REPORTS FROM EARLIER IN THE SUMMER INDICATED
THAT SOME RANCHERS DESTOCKED PASTURES IN THE WAIALUA...MAKAKILO AND
PALEHUA AREAS OF THE ISLAND.

THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS ABOVE
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE
REMAINS IN PLACE AS A PRECAUTION FOR THE DRY SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE SEPTEMBER 6 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY POOR WEST OF KAUNAKAKAI.
AN EARLIER REPORT INDICATED THAT THE DRY CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN
AN INCREASE IN AXIS DEER ENCROACHMENTS AND CROP DAMAGE AS THEY SEEK
FOOD AND WATER.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW.
THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
A RECENT REPORT FROM LANAI INDICATED THAT THE MIDDLE AND LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF THE ISLAND...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE NORTH-...EAST- AND
SOUTH-FACING SLOPES...REMAIN VERY DRY AND THAT PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN
THESE AREAS HAVE BEEN STRUGGLING TO SURVIVE. EVEN DROUGHT-RESISTANT
PLANTS AND TREES SUCH AS KIAWE WERE STRUGGLING UNDER THE DRY
CONDITIONS. MOUFLON SHEEP...AXIS DEER AND GAME BIRD POPULATIONS
HAVE BEEN REDUCED.

MAUI.
SPOTTY LEEWARD RAINFALL IN SEPTEMBER MAY HAVE HELPED PREVENT A
WORSENING OF DROUGHT BUT IT IS TOO SOON TO TELL HOW MUCH OF AN
IMPROVEMENT IT MAY HAVE PRODUCED...IF AT ALL. THE CURRENT SHORT
TERM DRY TREND OVER THE PAST 2 WEEKS MAY BE NEGATING ANY IMPACTS
THE MID-SEPTEMBER RAINS HAVE GENERATED. AN EARLIER REPORT
INDICATED THAT UPCOUNTRY AGRICULTURE CONTINUES TO BE SIGNIFICANTLY
IMPACTED BY THE ONGOING DROUGHT. MEDIA REPORTS INDICATED THAT
RANCHERS HAVE HAD TO INCREASE IRRIGATION...SUPPLEMENT FEED AND
REDUCE HERD SIZES. ENCROACHING AXIS DEER HAVE ALSO DECREASED FORAGE
FOR LIVESTOCK. BRUSH FIRE RISK...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE SOUTHWEST
SLOPES OF HALEAKALA...IS EXTREMELY HIGH. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT
OF WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED THE ONGOING CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A
10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO
REMAINS IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
THE WORSENING OF DROUGHT IN THE SOUTH POINT AREA HAS FORCED SOME
RANCHERS TO REDUCE HERD SIZES BY 25 PERCENT AND PURCHASE
SUPPLEMENTAL FEED. NEARBY FLOWER GROWERS HAVE HAD TO SPEND
EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS OF MONEY TO FILL CATCHMENT TANKS FOR IRRIGATION.
IN THE KAU...NORTH KONA...SOUTH KONA AND SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICTS...THE DROUGHT HAS REDUCED THE AMOUNT OF NECTAR AVAILABLE
FOR BEES AND IS NEGATIVELY AFFECTING THE BEE INDUSTRY. LEEWARD
KOHALA COASTAL PASTURES HAVE BEEN WITHOUT ADEQUATE FORAGE FOR MANY
MONTHS AND RANCHERS HAVE BEEN CONTINUING WITH COSTLY WATER HAULING
AND SUPPLEMENTAL FEED OPERATIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE. AN EL NINO WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT
WHICH MEANS THAT CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR EL NINO TO DEVELOP
WITHIN THE NEXT 6 MONTHS. IF AN EL NINO DOES INDEED DEVELOP...IT IS
LIKELY TO BE WEAK AND SHORT-LIVED.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON SEPTEMBER 20 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REST OF THE YEAR. THIS
OUTLOOK MAY BE ADJUSTED IN RESPONSE TO CHANGES IN EXPECTATIONS
REGARDING EL NINO DEVELOPMENT. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE
ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON OCTOBER 18.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SHOWED THAT MOST OF THE
MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL
RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND
AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS. AVERAGE STREAM
FLOW LEVELS ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE WITH THE SEASONAL INCREASE IN
PRECIPITATION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON NOVEMBER 8
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...HAWAII.GOV/DLNR/DROUGHT/INDEX.HTML
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




LEEWARD DROUGHT WORSENS ON KAUAI AND LANAI

915 AM HST THU SEP 6 2012


SYNOPSIS...

PERSISTENT AND STABLE TRADE WIND CONDITIONS KEPT MOST OF THE
LEEWARD AREAS VERY DRY THROUGHOUT AUGUST. THE SUSTAINED DRYNESS ON
THE ISLAND OF LANAI RESULTED IN A DOWNGRADE FROM SEVERE
DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...TO
EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF
THE ISLAND. SEVERE DROUGHT ON KAUAI HAS ALSO SPREAD WESTWARD ALONG
THE LOWER LEEWARD ELEVATIONS AND NOW COVERS THE ISLAND FROM KEALIA
TO KOLOA...THEN WESTWARD TO WAIMEA.

ELSEWHERE IN THE STATE...THE AREA OF EXTREME DROUGHT REMAINS
UNCHANGED OVER LEEWARD AREAS OF MOLOKAI...MAUI AND THE BIG ISLAND.
IN MAUI COUNTY THESE AREAS INCLUDE WESTERN MOLOKAI AND SOUTHWEST
MAUI FROM KIHEI TO MAKENA. BIG ISLAND EXTREME DROUGHT COVERS MOST
OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA
DISTRICT AND THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA
DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT CONTINUES OVER THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF
SOUTHWEST KAU AND PORTIONS OF THE HUMUULA SADDLE ON THE BIG
ISLAND...THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS AND THE
LEEWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA FROM KULA TO KAUPO.

THE AREA OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CONDITIONS...REMAINS UNCHANGED
IN LEEWARD OAHU.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THE AREA OF DROUGHT IMPACTS HAS BEEN SPREADING WESTWARD. RECENT
REPORTS INDICATED POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS IN THE AREA FROM KALAHEO
TO HANAPEPE. OTHER AREAS WITH POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS INCLUDE THE
REGION FROM KOLOA TO MAHAULEPU...AND FROM KEALIA TO KALEPA.

OAHU.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE AUGUST 9 UPDATE. LEEWARD PASTURES
REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION AND THE GENERAL LANDSCAPE IS VISIBLY VERY
DRY. REPORTS FROM EARLIER IN THE SUMMER INDICATED THAT SOME
RANCHERS DESTOCKED PASTURES IN THE WAIALUA...MAKAKILO AND PALEHUA
AREAS OF THE ISLAND.

THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS ABOVE
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE
REMAINS IN PLACE AS A PRECAUTION FOR THE DRY SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE AUGUST 9 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY POOR WEST OF KAUNAKAKAI.
AN EARLIER REPORT INDICATED THAT THE DRY CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN
AN INCREASE IN AXIS DEER ENCROACHMENTS AND CROP DAMAGE AS THEY SEEK
FOOD AND WATER.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW.
THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
A REPORT FROM THE ISLAND INDICATED THAT EVEN DROUGHT-RESISTANT
PLANTS AND TREES SUCH AS KIAWE WERE STRUGGLING UNDER THE DRY
CONDITIONS. MOUFLON SHEEP...AXIS DEER AND GAME BIRD POPULATIONS
HAVE BEEN REDUCED. THE GREATEST IMPACTS HAVE BEEN ALONG THE LOWER
AND MIDDLE ELEVATIONS ON THE LEEWARD SIDE OF THE ISLAND AND ARE AS
BAD AS BACK IN 2010.

MAUI.
UPCOUNTRY AGRICULTURE CONTINUES TO BE SIGNIFICANTLY IMPACTED BY THE
ONGOING DROUGHT. MEDIA REPORTS INDICATED THAT RANCHERS HAVE HAD TO
INCREASE IRRIGATION...SUPPLEMENT FEED AND REDUCE HERD SIZES.
ENCROACHING AXIS DEER HAVE ALSO DECREASED FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK.
BRUSH FIRE RISK...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE SOUTHWEST SLOPES OF
HALEAKALA...IS EXTREMELY HIGH. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER
SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED THE ONGOING CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO REMAINS IN
EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
LEEWARD KOHALA COASTAL PASTURES HAVE BEEN WITHOUT FORAGE FOR SEVERAL
MONTHS. RANCHERS NEAR SOUTH POINT HAVE ALSO REPORTED VERY POOR
FORAGE CONDITIONS UP TO ABOUT THE 500 FT ELEVATION LEVEL. REQUESTS
FOR FEED ASSISTANCE HAVE BEEN COMING IN FROM THE PUUKAPU...SOUTH
KOHALA...NAALEHU AND PAHALA AREAS. A PROTEA FARMER IN THE OCEAN
VIEW ESTATES AREA REPORTED HAVING TO HAUL 20000 GALLONS OF WATER FOR
OPERATIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS REMAIN IN PLACE. AN EL NINO WATCH REMAINS IN
EFFECT...WHICH MEANS THAT CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR EL NINO TO
DEVELOP WITHIN THE NEXT 6 MONTHS.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON AUGUST 16 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH THE REST OF THE YEAR AND INTO
EARLY 2013. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON SEPTEMBER 20.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
DATA FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SHOW THAT MONITORED STREAMS
ACROSS THE STATE HAD FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL
RANGE. ALAKAHI STREAM IN THE WINDWARD KOHALA AREA OF THE BIG ISLAND
WAS THE ONLY STREAM WITH AN ABOVE NORMAL FLOW AVERAGE. NOTE THAT
THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY IN
THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS. AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS WILL
REMAIN LOW IN THE LEEWARD AREAS THROUGH THE REST OF THE DRY SEASON
AND POSSIBLY THE START OF THE NEXT WET SEASON BASED ON THE LATEST
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON OCTOBER 4
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...HAWAII.DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




AGRICULTURAL DROUGHT WORSENING ON KAUAI

920 AM HST THU AUG 9 2012



SYNOPSIS...

DRY JULY WEATHER WORSENED EXISTING DROUGHT CONDITIONS OVER THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF EAST AND SOUTHEAST KAUAI. AS A RESULT...MODERATE
DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...WAS
DOWNGRADED TO SEVERE DROUGHT...OR THE D2 CATEGORY...FROM KEALIA TO
KOLOA.

ADDITIONAL AREAS OF SEVERE DROUGHT ACROSS THE STATE INCLUDE THE
LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTHWEST KAU AND PORTIONS OF THE HUMUULA
SADDLE ON THE BIG ISLAND...ALL OF LANAI...THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES
OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS AND THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA FROM
KULA TO KAUPO.

THE AREA OF EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3 CATEGORY...REMAINS
UNCHANGED OVER LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND. IN
MAUI COUNTY...THESE AREAS INCLUDE WESTERN MOLOKAI AND SOUTHWEST MAUI
FROM KIHEI TO MAKENA. BIG ISLAND EXTREME DROUGHT COVERS MOST OF THE
SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT
AND THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT.

MODERATE DROUGHT REMAINS UNCHANGED IN LEEWARD OAHU.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
OVER THE PAST MONTH...MORE PASTURES DEGRADED TO THE POINT WHERE
RANCHERS HAVE HAD TO REDUCE HERD SIZES. PASTURES NEAR KOLOA AND
MAHAULEPU REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION. MORE RECENT REPORTS INDICATED
IMPACTS TO PASTURES NEAR KEALIA AND KALEPA.

OAHU.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JULY 13 UPDATE. LEEWARD PASTURES
REMAIN IN POOR CONDITION DUE TO DRIER THAN NORMAL CONDITIONS.
REPORTS FROM EARLIER IN THE SUMMER INDICATED THAT SOME RANCHERS
DESTOCKED PASTURES IN THE WAIALUA...MAKAKILO AND PALEHUA AREAS OF
THE ISLAND.

THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS ABOVE
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE
REMAINS IN PLACE AS A PRECAUTION FOR THE DRY SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS REMAIN VERY POOR WEST OF
KAUNAKAKAI. THE DRY CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN AN INCREASE IN AXIS
DEER ENCROACHMENTS AND CROP DAMAGE AS THEY SEEK FOOD AND WATER.

THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW.
THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JULY 13 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN VERY POOR.

MAUI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JULY 13 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION IN LEEWARD MAUI REMAIN EXTREMELY DRY. PASTURES
WERE DESTOCKED SEVERAL MONTHS AGO. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF
WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED TO CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO REMAINS IN
EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
RANCHERS OPERATING NEAR SOUTH POINT REPORTED THAT PASTURES HAVE
DRIED OUT AND THEY HAVE BEEN SUPPLEMENTING FEED. ON THE NORTH SIDE
OF THE ISLAND...A RANCHER NEAR WAIMEA REPORTED INSUFFICIENT FORAGE
FOR HIS CATTLE AND HE HAS BEEN HAULING 5000 GALLONS OF WATER EACH
WEEK. PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION OVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT AND PORTIONS OF THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT ALONG THE
NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI HAVE BEEN VERY DRY.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS ARE IN PLACE. AN EL NINO WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT...WHICH
MEANS THAT CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR EL NINO TO DEVELOP WITHIN
THE NEXT 6 MONTHS.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JULY 19 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SUMMER AND FALL 2012. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
AUGUST 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT MONITORED STREAMS FROM OAHU TO
THE BIG ISLAND HAD FLOW AVERAGES FOR JULY IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE WHILE STREAMS ON KAUAI WERE MOSTLY IN THE BELOW NORMAL
RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND
AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS. AVERAGE STREAM
FLOW LEVELS WILL REMAIN LOW IN THE LEEWARD AREAS THROUGH THE REST OF
THE DRY SEASON AND POSSIBLY THE START OF THE NEXT WET SEASON BASED
ON THE LATEST PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON SEPTEMBER 6
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT REDEVELOPS OVER KAUAI AND OAHU

1055 AM HST FRI JUL 13 2012



SYNOPSIS...

A STRONG START TO THE 2012 DRY SEASON HAS ALREADY PRODUCED NEW
DROUGHT IMPACTS OVER PORTIONS OF KAUAI AND OAHU. MODERATE
DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...HAS
REDEVELOPED OVER THE SOUTHEAST HALF OF KAUAI AND OVER LEEWARD OAHU.

DROUGHT CONDITIONS ALSO REMAIN FIRMLY IN PLACE OVER LEEWARD AREAS
OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND. EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3
CATEGORY...COVERS MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...THE POHAKULOA
REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF
HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT OF THE BIG ISLAND. MAUI COUNTY
D3 CONDITIONS REMAIN OVER WESTERN MOLOKAI AND SOUTHWEST MAUI FROM
KIHEI TO MAKENA.

SEVERE DROUGHT...WHICH IS THE D2 CATEGORY...COVERS THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF SOUTHWEST KAU AND PORTIONS OF THE HUMUULA SADDLE OF
THE BIG ISLAND...ALL OF LANAI...THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF THE
WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS AND THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA FROM KULA TO
KAUPO.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
DRY CONDITIONS OVER THE PAST TWO MONTHS HAVE DEGRADED PASTURES OVER
SOUTHEAST KAUAI. SOME RANCHERS OPERATING IN THE KOLOA AREA HAVE
STARTED TO REDUCE HERD SIZES.

OAHU.
LEEWARD PASTURES HAVE DETERIORATED DUE TO DRIER THAN NORMAL
CONDITIONS. AS A RESULT...SOME RANCHERS HAVE DESTOCKED PASTURES IN
THE WAIALUA...MAKAKILO AND PALEHUA AREAS OF THE ISLAND.

THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS ABOVE
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. ON APRIL 23...THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE RESCINDED THE MANDATORY 10 PERCENT WATER USE RESTRICTION
FROM THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR. A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE IS NOW IN PLACE AS A PRECAUTION FOR THE DRY SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JUNE 7 UPDATE. THE WATER LEVEL IN
THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW. THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JUNE 7 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN VERY POOR.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION IN LEEWARD MAUI REMAIN EXTREMELY DRY
AND THERE HAVE BEEN SIGNIFICANT BRUSH FIRES ON THE ISLAND IN THE
PAST MONTH. VERY POOR FORAGE CONDITIONS HAVE FORCED SOME RANCHERS
TO WEAN YOUNG CATTLE 2 TO 3 MONTHS EARLY. DESTOCKING OF PASTURES
OCCURRED SEVERAL MONTHS AGO. EARLIER...A RANCHER OPERATING NEAR
KAUPO REPORTED THAT SPRINGS HAVE BEEN DRYING UP. AN UPCOUNTRY
RANCHER INDICATED THAT OVER THE PAST FOUR YEARS...POOR PASTURE
CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN REDUCED CATTLE WEIGHTS...POOR BREEDING
RATES DUE TO A SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF BREEDING COWS
AND LOSSES IN THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS. THE MAUI COUNTY
DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED TO CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A
10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO
REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
A SOUTH KONA FARMER REPORTED INCREASING IRRIGATION COSTS FOR
MACADAMIA NUT ORCHARDS AS WELL AS REDUCED YIELDS FROM CITRUS AND
STAR FRUIT TREES. OVER SOUTH KAU...A LARGE BRUSH FIRE DAMAGED
COFFEE...MACADAMIA NUT AND PASTURES. PASTURES AND GENERAL
VEGETATION OVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND PORTIONS OF
THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT ALONG THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI
WERE IN VERY POOR CONDITION. THERE IS A VERY HIGH RISK OF
SIGNIFICANT BRUSH FIRES IN THESE AREAS. EARLIER REPORTS INDICATED
THAT THERE WAS LITTLE OR NO EDIBLE FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK. RANCHERS IN
THESE AREAS HAVE ALREADY DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING
OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR MANY MONTHS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS ARE IN PLACE. AN EL NINO WATCH WAS ISSUED IN JUNE WHICH
MEANS THAT CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR EL NINO TO DEVELOP WITHIN
THE NEXT 6 MONTHS.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JUNE 21 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SUMMER 2012. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD
OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON JULY 19.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR JUNE
INDICATED THAT MONITORED STREAMS ON KAUAI AND OAHU HAD FLOW AVERAGES
IN THE NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL RANGE WHILE STREAMS ON MOLOKAI...MAUI
AND THE BIG ISLAND HAD FLOW AVERAGES IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL
RANGE. NOTE THAT THERE ARE NO MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND
AND MAUI COUNTY IN THE SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT AREAS. AVERAGE STREAM
FLOW LEVELS WILL REMAIN LOW IN THE LEEWARD AREAS THROUGH THE REST OF
THE DRY SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON AUGUST 9
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




A FAST START TO THE DRY SEASON IN THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS

850 AM HST THU JUN 7 2012



SYNOPSIS...

THE 2012 DRY SEASON HAS STARTED HARD AND FAST...ESPECIALLY IN MOST
OF THE LEEWARD AREAS OF THE STATE WHERE MAY RAINFALL TOTALS CAME IN
BELOW AVERAGE. AN EXISTING AREA OF EXTREME DROUGHT...OR THE D3
CATEGORY IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...SPREAD FROM THE SOUTH
KOHALA DISTRICT AND THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT
INTO THE NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI IN THE NORTH KONA
DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...COVERED
THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF SOUTHWESTERN KAU AND PORTIONS OF THE HUMUULA
SADDLE.

IN MAUI COUNTY...EXTREME DROUGHT CONDITIONS HAVE PERSISTED OVER
WESTERN MOLOKAI AND SOUTHWEST MAUI FROM KIHEI TO MAKENA. SEVERE
DROUGHT COVERED THE ISLAND OF LANAI...THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES OF
THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS AND LEEWARD HALEAKALA FROM KULA TO KAUPO.

KAUAI AND OAHU HAVE REMAINED DROUGHT-FREE. HOWEVER...LEEWARD AREAS
WERE DRYING OUT AND VEGETATION GROWTH FROM THE WET SEASON HAS
RECENTLY STARTED TO BURN IN A FEW AREAS.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. HOWEVER...AGRICULTURE
IMPACTS BEYOND THE USUAL SEASONAL DRYNESS WILL BEGIN TO APPEAR IF
LOWER THAN NORMAL RAINFALL PERSISTS.

OAHU.
THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS ABOVE
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. ON APRIL 23...THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE RESCINDED THE MANDATORY 10 PERCENT WATER USE RESTRICTION
FROM THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR. A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE HAS TAKEN ITS PLACE AS A PRECAUTION FOR THE DRY SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW. THUS...
THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGE SINCE THE MAY 3 UPDATE. PASTURES AND GENERAL
VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN VERY POOR.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION IN LEEWARD MAUI REMAIN EXTREMELY
DRY AND THERE IS AN INCREASING RISK FOR SIGNIFICANT BRUSH FIRES IN
THE AREA. A RANCHER OPERATING NEAR KAUPO REPORTED THAT SPRINGS HAVE
BEEN DRYING UP. EARLIER...AN UPCOUNTRY RANCHER INDICATED THAT OVER
THE PAST FOUR YEARS...POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN
REDUCED CATTLE WEIGHTS...POOR BREEDING RATES DUE TO A SIGNIFICANT
REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF BREEDING COWS AND LOSSES IN THE HUNDREDS
OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY
HAS CONTINUED TO CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR
UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION OVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT AND PORTIONS OF THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT ALONG THE
NORTH-FACING SLOPES OF HUALALAI WERE IN VERY POOR CONDITION. THERE
IS AN INCREASING RISK OF SIGNIFICANT BRUSH FIRES IN THESE AREAS.
EARLIER REPORTS INDICATED THAT THERE WAS LITTLE OR NO EDIBLE FORAGE
FOR LIVESTOCK. RANCHERS IN THESE AREAS HAVE ALREADY DESTOCKED CATTLE
AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR MANY MONTHS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS HAVE ARRIVED AND WILL LIKELY REMAIN IN PLACE THROUGH
SUMMER 2012. IT IS TOO SOON TO TELL IF ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS WILL
PERSIST THROUGH THE REST OF THE YEAR.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MAY 17 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT TILT
IN FAVOR OF ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SUMMER
2012. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE
PREDICTION CENTER ON JUNE 21.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR MAY
INDICATED THAT MONITORED STREAMS ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES OF THE
STATE WERE MOSTLY IN THE NORMAL RANGE. MOST OF THE LEEWARD SITES
HAD BELOW NORMAL FLOW AVERAGES. THE ARRIVAL OF THE DRY SEASON
SUGGESTS THAT AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS WILL REMAIN LOW IN THE
LEEWARD AREAS THROUGH THE REST OF THE DRY SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JULY 13
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




ANOTHER WET SEASON GONE AND THE DROUGHT CONTINUES IN LEEWARD MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND

845 AM HST THU MAY 3 2012



SYNOPSIS...

LOWER THAN NORMAL RAINFALL IN APRIL KEPT DROUGHT FIRMLY IN PLACE
OVER LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND. IN MAUI
COUNTY...EXTREME DROUGHT CONDITIONS...OR THE D3 CATEGORY IN THE U.S.
DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...CONTINUED OVER WESTERN MOLOKAI AND SOUTHWEST
MAUI FROM KIHEI TO MAKENA. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY
CONDITIONS...COVERED THE ISLAND OF LANAI...THE LOWER LEEWARD SLOPES
OF THE WEST MAUI MOUNTAINS AND LEEWARD HALEAKALA FROM KULA TO KAUPO.

ON THE BIG ISLAND...EXTREME DROUGHT CONTINUED TO COVER PORTIONS OF
THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA
DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT MAINTAINED ITS PRESENCE OVER THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS AND THE WESTERN
PORTION OF THE KAU DISTRICT.

KAUAI...OAHU AND WINDWARD SECTIONS OF THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI WERE
DROUGHT-FREE.

THE END OF APRIL MARKED THE FOURTH CONSECUTIVE YEAR WITH DROUGHT
PERSISTENCE THROUGH THE WET SEASON WITHIN THE STATE OF HAWAII.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR HAS INCREASED TO
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. ON APRIL 23...THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE RESCINDED THE MANDATORY 10 PERCENT WATER USE RESTRICTION
FOR THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR. A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE HAS TAKEN ITS PLACE AS A PRECAUTION HEADING INTO THE DRY
SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINS VERY LOW.
THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGE SINCE THE APRIL 5 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN VERY POOR. AN EARLIER
REPORT INDICATED THAT AXIS DEER HAVE BEEN ENCROACHING POPULATED
AREAS OF THE ISLAND FOR FORAGE DUE TO POOR SUPPLIES ELSEWHERE.

MAUI.
LATE FEBRUARY AND EARLY MARCH RAINFALL HELPED BRING SOME
IMPROVEMENTS TO PASTURES AND VEGETATION. HOWEVER...A LACK OF
FOLLOW-UP RAIN DURING THE REMAINDER OF MARCH AND MOST OF APRIL
RESULTED IN A RESUMPTION OF DETERIORATION OVER THE LEEWARD SECTIONS
OF MAUI. SOME RANCHERS HAVE DESTOCKED PASTURES IN THESE AREAS DUE
TO POOR FORAGE CONDITIONS. ONE UPCOUNTRY RANCHER INDICATED THAT
OVER THE PAST FOUR YEARS...POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN
REDUCED CATTLE WEIGHTS...POOR BREEDING RATES DUE TO A SIGNIFICANT
REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF BREEDING COWS AND LOSSES IN THE HUNDREDS
OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY
HAS CONTINUED TO CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR
UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE APRIL 5 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION OVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT WERE IN
VERY POOR CONDITION. REPORTS INDICATED THAT THERE WAS LITTLE OR NO
EDIBLE FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK. RANCHERS IN THESE AREAS HAVE ALREADY
DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR
MANY MONTHS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA HAS
WEAKENED ACROSS THE TROPICAL PACIFIC. LA NINA WAS TRANSITIONING TO
ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS DURING APRIL 2012.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON APRIL 19 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT
TILT IN FAVOR OF ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SPRING
2012. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE
PREDICTION CENTER ON MAY 17.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR APRIL
INDICATED THAT MONITORED STREAMS ALONG THE WINDWARD SLOPES OF THE
STATE WERE IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. MOST OF THE LEEWARD
SITES HAD BELOW NORMAL FLOW AVERAGES. WHILE THE PRECIPITATION
OUTLOOK DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY MEANINGFUL SIGNAL...THE ONSET OF THE
DRY SEASON SUGGESTS THAT AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS WILL DECREASE
OVER THE NEXT MONTH OR SO.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JUNE 7 2012
OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT HOLDING FIRM IN LEEWARD MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND

805 AM HST THU APR 5 2012


SYNOPSIS...

EARLY MARCH LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS DRENCHED MOST OF KAUAI AND OAHU.
WINDWARD AREAS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND RECEIVED AMPLE
RAINFALL BUT LEEWARD AREAS...ESPECIALLY ON THE BIG ISLAND...HAD ONLY
LIMITED AMOUNTS OF RAIN. THUS...THE DROUGHT LIVES ON FOR YET
ANOTHER MONTH. DURING MARCH...WESTERN MOLOKAI GOT ENOUGH RAIN TO
IMPROVE CONDITIONS FROM THE D4 CATEGORY...OR EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT ON
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...TO THE D3 CATEGORY...OR EXTREME
DROUGHT CONDITIONS. LEEWARD MAUI ALSO SHOWED SOME IMPROVEMENT WITH
EXTREME DROUGHT TRANSITIONING TO SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2
CONDITIONS...OVER WEST MAUI AND SOUTHEAST HALEAKALA.
HOWEVER...EXTREME DROUGHT PERSISTED OVER SOUTHWEST HALEAKALA FROM
KIHEI TO MAKENA.

THE BIG ISLAND MAINTAINED ITS STRONG CONTRAST IN CONDITIONS WITH
WINDWARD SLOPES DROUGHT-FREE AND EXTREME DROUGHT PERSISTING OVER THE
SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA
DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT ALSO CONTINUED OVER THE NORTH AND SOUTH
KONA DISTRICTS AND WEST-FACING SLOPES OF THE KAU DISTRICT.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT AS KAUAI HAD EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL DURING MARCH.

OAHU.
THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR HAS INCREASED TO
PRE-DROUGHT LEVELS. HOWEVER...A MANDATORY 10 PERCENT WATER USE
RESTRICTION REMAINED IN PLACE AS A PRECAUTION HEADING INTO THE DRY
SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR INCREASED SEVERAL FEET
BUT REMAINS VERY LOW. THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT REDUCTION IN THE
USE OF IRRIGATION WATER.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE MARCH 8 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN VERY POOR. AXIS DEER HAVE
BEEN ENCROACHING POPULATED AREAS OF THE ISLAND FOR FORAGE DUE TO
POOR SUPPLIES ELSEWHERE.

MAUI.
RAINFALL IN LATE FEBRUARY AND EARLY MARCH HELPED BRING IMPROVEMENTS
TO PASTURES AND VEGETATION. HOWEVER...CONDITIONS REMAIN POOR OVER
THE SOUTHWEST SLOPE OF HALEAKALA. SOME RANCHERS HAVE DESTOCKED
PASTURES IN THESE AREAS DUE TO POOR FORAGE CONDITIONS. THE MAUI
COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED TO CALL FOR A 5
PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST
FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI
ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE MARCH 8 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION OVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT WERE IN
VERY POOR CONDITION. REPORTS INDICATED THAT THERE WAS LITTLE OR NO
EDIBLE FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK. RANCHERS IN THESE AREAS HAVE ALREADY
DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR
SEVERAL MONTHS. SOME KONA COFFEE GROWERS HAVE HAD TO IRRIGATE MORE
THAN NORMAL TO SUSTAIN THEIR ORCHARDS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA HAS
WEAKENED ACROSS THE TROPICAL PACIFIC. THE FORECAST CALLS FOR LA
NINA TO TRANSITION TO ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS DURING APRIL 2012.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MARCH 15 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES DO NOT
TILT IN FAVOR OF ABOVE OR BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING SPRING
2012. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE
PREDICTION CENTER ON APRIL 19.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR MARCH
INDICATED THAT ALL OF THE MONITORED STREAMS IN THE STATE OF HAWAII
WERE IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. WHILE THE PRECIPITATION
OUTLOOK DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY MEANINGFUL SIGNAL...THE APPROACH OF THE
DRY SEASON SUGGESTS THAT AVERAGE STREAM FLOW LEVELS WILL DECREASE
OVER THE NEXT MONTH OR SO.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MAY 3 2012
OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




MAUI COUNTY DROUGHT WORSENS WHILE KAUAI AND OAHU GET DRENCHED

320 AM HST THU MAR 8 2012



SYNOPSIS...

LATE FEBRUARY AND EARLY MARCH LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS BROUGHT
TORRENTIAL RAINFALL TO THE WEST HALF OF THE STATE BUT PRODUCED MUCH
LOWER AMOUNTS OVER THE DROUGHT-PLAGUED AREAS OF MAUI COUNTY AND THE
BIG ISLAND. WESTERN MOLOKAI...WHICH HAD BEEN UNDER EXTREME
DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
MAP...WORSENED TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT...OR D4 CONDITIONS. THE
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT DESIGNATION MAY BE SHORT LIVED DEPENDING ON THE
EFFECTS OF RAINFALL ON MARCH 5 AND 6. SIMILARLY...LEEWARD AREAS OF
MAUI FROM LAHAINA TO KAUPO AND EXTENDING UPSLOPE INTO KULA HAVE BEEN
UNDER EXTREME DROUGHT CONDITIONS. RECENT RAINFALL SHOULD HAVE
HELPED EASE DROUGHT TO SOME DEGREE THOUGH IT WILL TAKE SOME TIME TO
DETERMINE HOW MUCH.

THE BIG ISLAND SHOWED A STRONG CONTRAST IN MOISTURE CONDITIONS WITH
PORTIONS OF THE WINDWARD SLOPES RECEIVING EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WHILE
MOST OF THE LEEWARD AREAS REMAINED DRY. EXTREME DROUGHT PERSISTED
OVER THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE
HAMAKUA DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...
EXPANDED IN THE SOUTH KONA DISTRICT TO INCLUDE ALL OF THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS. THE KAU DISTRICT RECEIVED SEVERAL ROUNDS OF NEEDED
RAINFALL WHICH PRODUCED SOME IMPROVEMENT IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS FROM
KAPAPALA TO SOUTH POINT.

WATER LEVELS IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR ON OAHU HAVE RISEN A FEW
FEET OVER THE PAST WEEK BUT NOT ENOUGH TO REMOVE MANDATORY
RESTRICTIONS SO THE SEVERE DROUGHT CLASSIFICATION REMAINED IN PLACE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT AS KAUAI HAS HAD EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL OVER THE PAST COUPLE OF WEEKS.

OAHU.
A MANDATORY 10 PERCENT WATER USE RESTRICTION REMAINED IN PLACE FOR
THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR.

MOLOKAI.
IN LATE FEBRUARY...AGRICULTURE OFFICIALS REPORTED VERY POOR PASTURE
CONDITIONS IN HOOLEHUA...KUALAPUU AND MAUNALOA. WATER LEVELS IN THE
KUALAPUU RESERVOIR WERE EXTREMELY LOW AND THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED A MANDATORY 30 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN VERY POOR.
AXIS DEER HAVE BEEN ENCROACHING POPULATED AREAS OF THE ISLAND FOR
FORAGE DUE TO POOR SUPPLIES ELSEWHERE.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND VEGETATION DETERIORATED DURING FEBRUARY OVER THE
LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI FROM KAUPO TO LAHAINA AND OVER THE UPCOUNTRY
REGION TO KULA. SOME RANCHERS HAVE DESTOCKED PASTURES IN THESE
AREAS DUE TO POOR FORAGE CONDITIONS. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF
WATER SUPPLY HAS CONTINUED TO REQUEST A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE FOR UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI ALSO REMAINED IN
EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION OVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT WERE IN VERY POOR CONDITION. REPORTS INDICATED THAT THERE
WAS LITTLE OR NO EDIBLE FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK. RANCHERS IN THESE
AREAS HAVE ALREADY DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS
HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR SEVERAL MONTHS. SOME KONA COFFEE GROWERS HAVE
HAD TO IRRIGATE MORE THAN NORMAL TO SUSTAIN THEIR ORCHARDS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA HAS PEAKED
ACROSS THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC. THE FORECAST CALLS FOR LA NINA TO
TRANSITION TO ENSO-NEUTRAL CONDITIONS DURING THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
SPRING.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON FEBRUARY 16 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING EARLY SPRING 2012. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
MARCH 15.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR FEBRUARY
INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS IN MAUI COUNTY AND THE
BIG ISLAND WERE AT NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. KAUAI AND
OAHU FLOW LEVELS WERE IN THE NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL RANGE.
PROBABILITIES APPEAR TO FAVOR NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL STREAM FLOW
BASED ON THE CURRENT PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK. HOWEVER...THERE IS A
HIGH DEGREE OF UNCERTAINTY IN THIS PROJECTION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON APRIL 5
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




LEEWARD DROUGHT WORSENS ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY

1020 AM HST THU FEB 2 2012


SYNOPSIS...

FOLLOWING VERY WET CONDITIONS OVER THE WINDWARD SLOPES DURING
DECEMBER...THE NEW YEAR HAS STARTED OUT DRY IN MOST AREAS EXCEPT FOR
THE ISLAND OF KAUAI. LEEWARD DROUGHT WORSENED ON THE BIG ISLAND
WITH EXISTING EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE
U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...EXPANDING NORTHWARD INTO RANCH LANDS NEAR
WAIMEA. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...CONTINUED
WITHIN A BELT EXTENDING FROM PUAKO TOWARD THE SOUTH-SOUTHEAST TO
PAHALA AND SOUTH POINT. MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CONDITIONS...
PERSISTED OVER PORTIONS OF THE SOUTH KONA DISTRICT. ON THE ISLAND
OF MAUI...EXTREME DROUGHT SPREAD FROM THE KIHEI AREA INTO THE
MAALAEA AND LAHAINA AREAS OF LEEWARD WEST MAUI. DROUGHT CONDITIONS
ALSO WORSENED ON MOLOKAI WHERE EXISTING SEVERE DROUGHT DOWNGRADED TO
EXTREME DROUGHT OVER THE WESTERN THIRD OF THE ISLAND.
SIMILARLY...DROUGHT ON LANAI DEGRADED TO A SEVERE CLASSIFICATION IN
THE ONGOING DRY CONDITIONS.

WATER LEVELS IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR HAVE CHANGED LITTLE IN
RECENT WEEKS SO MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS REMAINED IN PLACE ALONG WITH
THE SEVERE DROUGHT CLASSIFICATION FOR EAST OAHU.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT AS KAUAI HAS BEEN THE ONLY
ISLAND TO RECEIVE SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL OVER THE PAST MONTH.

OAHU.
THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR HAS CHANGED LITTLE SO
THE 10 PERCENT MANDATORY WATER USE RESTRICTION REMAINED IN PLACE.

MOLOKAI.
A RECENT ASSESSMENT BY AGRICULTURE OFFICIALS INDICATED THAT
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS WERE IN VERY POOR
CONDITION OVER THE WESTERN THIRD OF THE ISLAND. THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS CONTINUED THE MANDATORY 30 PERCENT
CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION FOR THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR
SYSTEM.

LANAI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE WORSENED OVER THE
PAST MONTH.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND VEGETATION REMAIN DRY OVER THE LEEWARD AREAS OF MAUI
AND ESPECIALLY FROM ULUPALAKUA TO LAHAINA. AFTER IMPROVING RAPIDLY
FOLLOWING AMPLE DECEMBER WINDWARD RAINFALL...WATER SUPPLY LEVELS FOR
UPCOUNTRY MAUI HAVE DECLINED JUST AS QUICKLY DURING JANUARY. THE
MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED THEIR CALL FOR
A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO
REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION OVER MOST OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT WERE IN VERY POOR CONDITION AND BRUSH FIRES HAVE BEEN A
SIGNIFICANT ONGOING CONCERN. RANCHERS IN THESE AREAS HAVE ALREADY
DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR
SEVERAL MONTHS. SOME KONA COFFEE GROWERS HAVE HAD TO IRRIGATE MORE
THAN NORMAL TO SUSTAIN THEIR ORCHARDS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA CONDITIONS
ARE PRESENT ACROSS THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC. THE FORECAST CALLS FOR
LA NINA TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SPRING.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JANUARY 19 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING EARLY 2012 AS PART OF THE MATURE
PHASE OF LA NINA. NOTE THAT EVEN IF THE LONG RANGE PROJECTION FOR
THE NEXT TWO TO THREE MONTHS VERIFIES CORRECTLY...FULL DROUGHT
RECOVERY...ESPECIALLY ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY...MAY NOT
OCCUR DUE TO THE INTENSITY OF THE ONGOING DRY CONDITIONS. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
FEBRUARY 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR JANUARY
INDICATE THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE ARE AT
BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. FLOW SHOULD INCREASE BASED ON THE CURRENT
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK. HOWEVER...THERE IS A HIGH DEGREE OF
UNCERTAINTY IN THE FORECAST AT THIS POINT.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON MARCH 8
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




PERSISTENT TRADES KEEP MOST WEST-FACING BIG ISLAND AND MAUI SLOPES UNDER DROUGHT

905 AM HST FRI JAN 6 2012


SYNOPSIS...
PERSISTENT TRADE WINDS BROUGHT ABUNDANT AMOUNTS OF RAIN TO THE
EAST-FACING SLOPES OF THE MAIN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. MANY OF THE
LEEWARD SLOPES...ESPECIALLY ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI...RECEIVED
VERY LITTLE RAIN. AS A RESULT...EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY
CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP CONTINUES IN THE SOUTH
KOHALA DISTRICT AND THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT.
SOME OF THE WINDWARD RAINFALL MANAGED TO PUSH INTO LEEWARD AREAS OF
THE NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT RESULTING IN A RETREAT OF DROUGHT
CONDITIONS FROM THIS PORTION OF THE BIG ISLAND. RAINFALL ALSO
OCCURRED OVER THE KAU DISTRICT IN SUFFICIENT AMOUNTS TO RESULT IN AN
IMPROVEMENT FROM EXTREME DROUGHT TO SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY
CONDITIONS. SEVERE DROUGHT CONTINUES IN THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT
WHILE MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...REMAINS IN
PLACE OVER PORTIONS OF THE SOUTH KONA DISTRICT.

LIKE THE BIG ISLAND...WEST-FACING SLOPES OF MAUI STAYED DRY IN
DECEMBER DESPITE WET CONDITIONS ALONG THE EAST-FACING SLOPES.
EXTREME DROUGHT IS MAINTAINING ITS GRIP ON A SMALL SECTION OF
SOUTHWESTERN HALEAKALA FROM KAMAOLE TO ULUPALAKUA AND SEVERE DROUGHT
CONTINUES OVER THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF WEST MAUI FROM MAALAEA
THROUGH LAHAINA.

THE INCREASE IN WINDWARD RAINFALL HELPED RAISE WATER LEVELS IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR BUT NOT ENOUGH TO REMOVE THE SEVERE DROUGHT
CLASSIFICATION FOR EAST OAHU.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE ARE NO SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT IMPACTS AS CONDITIONS HAVE
IMPROVED OVER THE PAST MONTH.

OAHU.
THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR INCREASED ENOUGH DURING
DECEMBER TO WARRANT AN EASING OF MANDATORY WATER USE RESTRICTIONS
FROM A 20 PERCENT CUTBACK TO A 10 PERCENT CUTBACK.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE DECEMBER 8 UPDATE. THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTINUES TO KEEP IN PLACE THE
MANDATORY 30 PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION FOR THE
KUALAPUU RESERVOIR SYSTEM.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE DECEMBER 8 UPDATE. NO ADDITIONAL
IMPACT INFORMATION HAS BEEN RECEIVED.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND VEGETATION REMAIN DRY OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF
HALEAKALA ESPECIALLY FROM KAMAOLE TO ULUPALAKUA. WATER SUPPLY
LEVELS FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI IMPROVED SIGNIFICANTLY DURING DECEMBER DUE
TO AN INCREASE IN WINDWARD HALEAKALA RAINFALL. HOWEVER...THE MAUI
COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED THEIR CALL FOR A 5
PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO
REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION FROM KAWAIHAE TO POHAKULOA ARE IN
VERY POOR CONDITION AND BRUSH FIRES CONTINUE TO BE A SIGNIFICANT
CONCERN. RANCHERS IN THESE AREAS HAVE ALREADY DESTOCKED CATTLE AND
WATER HAULING OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR SEVERAL MONTHS.
SOUTH KAU FINALLY RECEIVED SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL AND SOME RECOVERY
HAS OCCURRED BUT MORE RAINFALL IS NEEDED.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA CONDITIONS
ARE PRESENT ACROSS THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC. THE FORECAST CALLS FOR
LA NINA TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON DECEMBER 15 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVOR
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING EARLY 2012 AS PART OF A FORECASTED
MATURE PHASE OF LA NINA. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED
BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON JANUARY 19.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR DECEMBER
INDICATE THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE ARE AT
NEAR NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE
EXPECTED TO REMAIN AT NEAR NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL FLOW LEVELS OVER
THE NEXT COUPLE OF MONTHS.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON FEBRUARY 2
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




LEEWARD BIG ISLAND DROUGHT WORSENS

930 AM HST THU DEC 8 2011


SYNOPSIS...
PERSISTENT TRADE WIND CONDITIONS DURING NOVEMBER HELPED BRING NEAR
TO ABOVE NORMAL RAINFALL TOTALS TO MANY OF THE WINDWARD SLOPES OF
THE MAIN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. HOWEVER...THE PERSISTENT TRADES MEANT
LITTLE RAINFALL OCCURRED OVER LEEWARD AREAS. ON THE BIG ISLAND...
EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...IN THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND LEEWARD NORTH KOHALA
DISTRICT SPREAD INTO THE POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT.
EXTREME DROUGHT ALSO CONTINUED OVER THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE KAU
DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...REMAINED
OVER MOST OF THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT AND OVER THE MID-SECTION OF THE
BIG ISLAND FROM POHAKULOA TO KAU. WET WINDWARD CONDITIONS RESULTED
IN A RETREAT OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...AWAY
FROM THE LOWER ELEVATIONS.

ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI...EARLY NOVEMBER RAINFALL PROVIDED SOME
DROUGHT RELIEF TO THE SOUTHEAST SLOPES OF HALEAKALA FROM KEPUNI TO
KAUPO. HOWEVER...EXTREME DROUGHT CONTINUED ALONG THE SOUTHWEST
HALEAKALA SLOPES FROM KAMAOLE TO ULUPALAKUA. ELSEWHERE IN MAUI
COUNTY...SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTED OVER THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF WEST
MAUI FROM MAALAEA THROUGH LAHAINA AND OVER THE WESTERN THIRD OF
MOLOKAI.

HEAVY RAINFALL DURING THE FIRST HALF OF NOVEMBER BROUGHT SOME
DROUGHT RELIEF TO KAUAI WHICH WENT FROM SEVERE DROUGHT TO MODERATE
DROUGHT OVER THE KALEPA AREA NEAR LIHUE.

THE DROUGHT CLASSIFICATION IN EAST OAHU WORSENED TO THE SEVERE
CATEGORY DUE TO DIMINISHING WATER LEVELS IN THE WAIMANALO
RESERVOIR. WEST OAHU STAYED IN THE MODERATE DROUGHT CATEGORY.

SEVERE DROUGHT HAS AFFECTED PORTIONS OF THE STATE OF HAWAII
CONTINUOUSLY SINCE JUNE 2008.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
NOVEMBER RAINFALL HELPED IMPROVE PASTURE CONDITIONS IN EAST KAUAI.

OAHU.
THE WATER LEVEL IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR CONTINUES TO DECREASE
AND HAS DROPPED OVER 40 FEET SINCE MID-MAY. THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTED STRICTER CONSERVATION MEASURES
ON NOVEMBER 18 AND SET A MANDATORY 20 PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION
WATER USE.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE NOVEMBER 3 UPDATE. THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION FOR THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR SYSTEM.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE NOVEMBER 3 UPDATE. NO ADDITIONAL
IMPACT INFORMATION HAS BEEN RECEIVED.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION REMAINED DRY OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES
OF HALEAKALA ESPECIALLY FROM KAMAOLE TO ULUPALAKUA. WATER SUPPLY
LEVELS FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI HAVE IMPROVED SINCE OCTOBER DUE TO AN
INCREASE IN WINDWARD HALEAKALA RAINFALL. HOWEVER...THE MAUI COUNTY
DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED THEIR CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN
EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION FROM KAWAIHAE TO NORTH KONA AND FROM
SOUTH POINT TO PAHALA ARE IN VERY POOR CONDITION AND BRUSH FIRES
CONTINUE TO BE A SIGNIFICANT CONCERN. MANY RANCHERS HAVE ALREADY
DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR
SEVERAL MONTHS. A RANCHER RECENTLY REPORTED HAVING TO SELL
REPLACEMENT HEIFERS WHICH WILL RESULT IN A LONG-TERM IMPACT. IN
SEPTEMBER THE USDA FARM SERVICE AGENCY REPORTED THAT VARIOUS AREAS
OF THE ISLAND HAD 30 TO 100 PERCENT LOSS OF FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK.
COUPLED WITH HIGHER FEED PRICES...THE IMPACT ON RANCHING OPERATIONS
HAS BEEN SIGNIFICANT. IN THE SOUTH KONA DISTRICT, YIELDS FOR A WIDE
RANGE OF FRUIT HAVE DECREASED DUE TO ONGOING DROUGHT CONDITIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA CONDITIONS
ARE PRESENT ACROSS THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC. LA NINA IS EXPECTED TO
CONTINUE THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER OF 2011-2012.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON NOVEMBER 17 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING EARLY 2012 AS PART OF A FORECASTED
MATURE PHASE OF LA NINA. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED
BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON DECEMBER 15.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR NOVEMBER
INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE WERE
AT NEAR NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE
EXPECTED TO RISE WITH A SEASONAL INCREASE IN RAINFALL OVER THE NEXT
COUPLE OF MONTHS.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JANUARY 6
2012 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT WORSENS IN OCTOBER BEFORE THE RAINS BEGIN

230 PM HST THU NOV 3 2011



SYNOPSIS...
BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL OVER MOST AREAS OF THE STATE DURING THE MONTH
OF OCTOBER RESULTED IN AN INCREASE IN DROUGHT INTENSITY AND COVERAGE
IN ALL FOUR HAWAII COUNTIES. ALL OF THIS OCCURRED PRIOR TO THE
ONSET OF WET CONDITIONS WHICH COMMENCED AT THE END OF OCTOBER AND
CONTINUES TODAY. IT IS TOO SOON TO KNOW THE FULL IMPACT OF THE
RECENT RAINFALL THOUGH IT WILL LIKELY RESULT IN SOME REDUCTION IN
DROUGHT CONDITIONS BY THE RELEASE OF THE NEXT INFORMATION STATEMENT
IN EARLY DECEMBER.

THE MOST NOTABLE CHANGE IN DROUGHT DEPICTION SINCE LAST MONTH
OCCURRED ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI WHERE LEEWARD AREAS DETERIORATED TO
EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...FROM KAMAOLE TO KAUPO. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2
CATEGORY CONDITIONS...ALSO INCREASED IN COVERAGE AND ENCOMPASSED THE
LOWER ELEVATIONS OF WEST MAUI FROM MAALAEA THROUGH LAHAINA. THE
WESTERN THIRD OF MOLOKAI WORSENED FROM MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1
CATEGORY...TO SEVERE DROUGHT.

ON THE BIG ISLAND...EXTREME DROUGHT CONTINUES ALONG THE LOWER
ELEVATIONS OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT...THE LEEWARD NORTH KOHALA
DISTRICT AND THE SOUTHERN END OF THE KAU DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT
ALSO CONTINUES OVER MOST OF THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT...THE POHAKULOA
REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND THE EASTERN PORTION OF THE KAU
DISTRICT. MODERATE DROUGHT HAS ALSO SPREAD TO THE WINDWARD SLOPES
ABOVE 3000 FT.

LOCALIZED DROUGHT CONDITIONS DEVELOPED OVER THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF
SOUTHEAST KAUAI WITH A SMALL AREA OF SEVERE DROUGHT DEVELOPING NEAR
KALEPA FOLLOWING TWO MONTHS OF RAINFALL AT LESS THAN 50 PERCENT OF
NORMAL.

SEVERE DROUGHT HAS AFFECTED PORTIONS OF THE STATE OF HAWAII
CONTINUOUSLY SINCE JUNE 2008.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
RANCHERS IN THE KALEPA AREA OF SOUTHEAST KAUAI HAVE HAD TO PURCHASE
FEED FOR CATTLE DUE TO POOR PASTURE CONDITIONS.

OAHU.
THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR CONTINUES TO DECREASE
AND HAS DROPPED OVER 35 FEET SINCE EARLY IN THE YEAR. THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTED A MANDATORY 10 PERCENT
CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER USE ON OCTOBER 17.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE OCTOBER 6 UPDATE. THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION FOR THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR SYSTEM.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE OCTOBER 6 UPDATE. NO ADDITIONAL
IMPACT INFORMATION HAS BEEN RECEIVED THOUGH RAINFALL TOTALS HAVE
BEEN VERY LOW.

MAUI.
PASTURE AND VEGETATION CONDITIONS ARE VERY POOR OVER THE LEEWARD
SLOPES OF HALEAKALA ESPECIALLY FROM KAMAOLE TO KAUPO. ONE RANCHER
REPORTED HAVING LESS THAN THREE WEEKS OF FEED LEFT AND IS
SUPPLEMENTING WITH MOLASSES AND ALFALFA. WATER SUPPLY LEVELS FOR
UPCOUNTRY MAUI HAD BEEN DECREASING THROUGH OCTOBER BUT THE LATE
OCTOBER-EARLY NOVEMBER SURGE IN RAINFALL HAS HELPED INCREASE
RESERVOIR SUPPLIES. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS
MAINTAINED THEIR CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE. THE
REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH
MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
DROUGHT CONDITIONS BEGAN AFFECTING AGRICULTURE EVEN ON THE NORMALLY
WETTER NORTHEAST SLOPES OF THE ISLAND WHERE A RANCHER IN UPPER
PAAUILO REPORTED DRY PASTURES ABOVE 3000 FT. PASTURES AND GENERAL
VEGETATION FROM KAWAIHAE TO NORTH KONA ARE IN VERY POOR CONDITION
AND BRUSH FIRES CONTINUE TO BE A SIGNIFICANT CONCERN. IN SEPTEMBER
THE USDA FARM SERVICE AGENCY REPORTED THAT VARIOUS AREAS OF THE
ISLAND HAD 30 TO 100 PERCENT LOSS OF FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK. MANY
RANCHERS HAVE ALREADY DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS
HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR SEVERAL MONTHS. COUPLED WITH HIGHER FEED
PRICES...THE IMPACT ON RANCHING OPERATIONS HAS BEEN SIGNIFICANT. IN
OTHER AREAS OF AGRICULTURE...YIELDS FOR TANGERINES, ORANGES, AND
PUMMELOS ARE DOWN ABOUT AN AVERAGE OF 50 PERCENT.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA CONDITIONS
ARE PRESENT ACROSS THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC. LA NINA IS EXPECTED TO
GRADUALLY STRENGTHEN AND CONTINUE THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
WINTER OF 2011-2012.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON OCTOBER 20 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING EARLY 2012 AS PART OF A FORECASTED
MATURE PHASE OF LA NINA. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED
BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON NOVEMBER 17.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR OCTOBER
INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE WERE
AT NEAR NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE
EXPECTED TO RISE WITH A SEASONAL INCREASE IN RAINFALL OVER THE NEXT
MONTH.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON DECEMBER 8
2011 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT
THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DRY SEPTEMBER INCREASES BIG ISLAND DROUGHT INTENSITY

225 PM HST THU OCT 6 2011


SYNOPSIS...
WELL BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL DURING THE WARMEST TIME OF THE YEAR
COMBINED TO INCREASE DROUGHT INTENSITY OVER THE LEEWARD AREAS OF THE
STATE. THE GREATEST CHANGES OCCURRED ON THE BIG ISLAND WHERE
EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT
MONITOR MAP...HAS ONCE AGAIN STARTED. THE COVERAGE OF D3 IS
CURRENTLY ALONG THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT...LEEWARD NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND THE SOUTHERN END OF THE
KAU DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS...
CONTINUES TO ENCOMPASS MOST OF THE NORTH KONA DISTRICT...THE
POHAKULOA REGION OF THE HAMAKUA DISTRICT AND THE EASTERN PORTION OF
THE KAU DISTRICT. LEEWARD BIG ISLAND AREAS NOT UNDER D2 CONDITIONS
ARE CONSIDERED TO BE UNDER D1...OR MODERATE DROUGHT.

MAUI COUNTY REMAINS UNDER SEVERE DROUGHT OVER THE LEEWARD HALEAKALA
SLOPES FROM KAMAOLE TO ULUPALAKUA AND THE UPCOUNTRY AND KAUPO
SECTIONS REMAIN UNDER MODERATE DROUGHT. LANAI AND THE WESTERN THIRD
OF MOLOKAI ALSO REMAIN UNDER MODERATE DROUGHT CONDITIONS.

SIGNIFICANT DRYNESS OVER LEEWARD OAHU RESULTED IN THE INITIATION OF
MODERATE DROUGHT OVER THE WAIANAE SLOPES FROM MAKAHA TO EWA.

SEVERE DROUGHT HAS AFFECTED PORTIONS OF THE STATE OF HAWAII
CONTINUOUSLY SINCE JUNE 2008.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE WAIMANALO RESERVOIR HAS BEEN RAPIDLY
DECREASING AND HAS DROPPED OVER 25 FEET SINCE EARLY IN THE YEAR.
THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IS MAINTAINING A
VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER USE BUT MAY SHIFT
TO MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS IF WATER LEVELS FAIL TO RECOVER SOON.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE SEPTEMBER 8 UPDATE. THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION FOR THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR SYSTEM.

LANAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE SEPTEMBER 8 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS ARE IN A DEGRADED STATE.

MAUI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE SEPTEMBER 8 UPDATE. PASTURES AND
GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE DECLINED ALONG THE LEEWARD SLOPES
OF HALEAKALA AND HAVE BEEN IMPACTING RANCHING OPERATIONS. WATER
SUPPLY LEVELS FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI CONTINUE TO DECLINE WITH RECENT
DITCH FLOWS FROM EAST MAUI AVERAGING LESS THAN 30 PERCENT OF
CAPACITY. THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY HAS MAINTAINED
THEIR CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE. THE REQUEST FOR
A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI
RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
DROUGHT IMPACTS OVER THE LEEWARD AREAS OF THE ISLAND HAVE WORSENED
OVER THE PAST MONTH.  PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION FROM KAWAIHAE
TO NORTH KONA ARE IN VERY POOR CONDITION AND BRUSH FIRES ARE
BECOMING A BIGGER ISSUE AS THE DRY CONDITIONS CONTINUE. PASTURES IN
THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE KAU DISTRICT ARE ALSO DETERIORATING.
THE USDA FARM SERVICE AGENCY REPORTED THAT VARIOUS AREAS OF THE
ISLAND HAVE 30 TO 100 PERCENT LOSS OF FORAGE FOR LIVESTOCK. MANY
RANCHERS HAVE ALREADY DESTOCKED CATTLE AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS
HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR SEVERAL MONTHS. COUPLED WITH HIGHER FEED
PRICES...THE IMPACT ON RANCHING OPERATIONS HAS BEEN SIGNIFICANT. IN
OTHER AREAS OF AGRICULTURE...YIELDS FOR TANGERINES, ORANGES, AND
PUMMELOS ARE DOWN ABOUT AN AVERAGE OF 50 PERCENT.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA HAS
DEVELOPED ONCE AGAIN. LA NINA IS EXPECTED TO GRADUALLY STRENGTHEN
AND CONTINUE THROUGH THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER OF 2011-2012.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON SEPTEMBER 15 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH OCTOBER 2011. PROBABILITIES
FAVOR ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING EARLY 2012 AS PART OF A
FORECASTED MATURE PHASE OF LA NINA. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL
BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON OCTOBER 20.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR SEPTEMBER
INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE WERE
AT NEAR NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ARE
NOT EXPECTED CHANGE SIGNIFICANTLY OVER THE NEXT MONTH.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON NOVEMBER 3
2011 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




DROUGHT IMPACTS INCREASING ON THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY

1035 AM HST THU SEP 8 2011



SYNOPSIS...
WELL BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL COMBINED WITH SEASONALLY WARM
TEMPERATURES INCREASED DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN COVERAGE AND INTENSITY
OVER LEEWARD AREAS OF THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY. A MONTH AGO
ONLY A SMALL SECTION OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT ON THE BIG ISLAND
CONTAINED SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE U.S.
DROUGHT MONITOR MAP. HOWEVER...CONTINUED DRY CONDITIONS OVER THE
PAST SEVERAL WEEKS HAVE INCREASED SEVERE DROUGHT COVERAGE TO
ENCOMPASS MOST OF THE NORTH KONA AND SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICTS AND THE
SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE KAU DISTRICT. LEEWARD BIG ISLAND AREAS NOT
UNDER D2 CONDITIONS ARE CONSIDERED TO BE UNDER D1...OR MODERATE
DROUGHT.

IN MAUI COUNTY...SEVERE DROUGHT HAS RETURNED TO THE LEEWARD
HALEAKALA SLOPES FROM KAMAOLE TO ULUPALAKUA AND MODERATE DROUGHT
HAS SPREAD NORTHWARD TO COVER UPCOUNTRY MAUI THROUGH MAKAWAO.
SEVERE DROUGHT OVER THE WESTERN THIRD OF MOLOKAI REMAINED IN PLACE
AND MODERATE DROUGHT RETURNED TO LANAI FOLLOWING A FEW MONTHS OF
IMPROVED VEGETATION CONDITIONS.

KAUAI AND OAHU REMAINED DROUGHT-FREE THOUGH DRIER THAN NORMAL
CONDITIONS MAY SOON RESULT IN THE ONSET OF DROUGHT-RELATED PROBLEMS.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...
KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR HAS BEEN DECREASING BUT REMAINS ABOVE DROUGHT
LEVEL. HOWEVER...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IS
MAINTAINING A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER USE
AS A PRECAUTION.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE AUGUST 4 UPDATE. THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION FOR THE KUALAPUU
RESERVOIR SYSTEM.

LANAI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE DECLINED OVER THE
PAST MONTH.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE DECLINED ALONG THE
LEEWARD SLOPES OF HALEAKALA AND ARE BEGINNING TO IMPACT RANCHING
OPERATIONS. WATER SUPPLY LEVELS FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI HAVE BEEN
DECLINING IN RECENT WEEKS PROMPTING THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF
WATER SUPPLY TO REITERATE THEIR CALL FOR A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN
WATER USE. THE REQUEST FOR A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY
CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
DROUGHT IMPACTS OVER THE LEEWARD AREAS OF THE ISLAND HAVE INCREASED
OVER THE PAST MONTH. PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION FROM KAWAIHAE
TO NORTH KONA ARE IN POOR CONDITION. GRASSES THAT SPROUTED FROM THE
APRIL RAINS ARE DYING. PONOHOLO RANCH IN NORTH KOHALA REPORTED 30 TO
40 PERCENT FORAGE CONDITIONS. PASTURES IN SOUTH KAU FROM KAPAPALA TO
SOUTH POINT ARE DETERIORATING QUICKLY WITH RANCHERS INDICATING 30
TO 60 PERCENT FORAGE. MANY RANCHERS HAVE ALREADY DESTOCKED CATTLE
AND WATER HAULING OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN ONGOING FOR SEVERAL MONTHS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA HAS
RETURNED AND IS EXPECTED TO GRADUALLY STRENGTHEN INTO THE WINTER
MONTHS.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON AUGUST 18 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH EARLY FALL 2011 WITH
PROBABILITIES FAVORING ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION IN EARLY 2012.
THE NEXT LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER ON SEPTEMBER 15.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR AUGUST
INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ACROSS THE STATE WERE
AT NEAR NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS
ARE NOT EXPECTED TO CHANGE SIGNIFICANTLY OVER THE NEXT MONTH.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON OCTOBER 6
2011 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




BIG ISLAND DROUGHT WORSENING AGAIN WITH BELOW NORMAL JULY RAINFALL

920 AM HST THU AUG 4 2011


SYNOPSIS...
BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL AND WARMER TEMPERATURES DURING JULY HAVE
RESULTED IN A WORSENING OF DROUGHT CONDITIONS ON THE ISLAND OF
HAWAII. THUS...THE AREA OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CATEGORY
CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...SPREAD FROM THE SOUTH
KAU DISTRICT INTO THE SOUTH KONA DISTRICT AND NORTHEASTWARD TOWARD
THE VOLCANO AREA. MODERATE DROUGHT ALSO INCREASED IN COVERAGE OVER
THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT AND SPREAD INTO THE UPPER HAMAKUA
DISTRICT. SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CONDITIONS...REMAINED IN PLACE
NEAR KAWAIHAE.

IN MAUI COUNTY...MODERATE DROUGHT CONTINUES TO AFFECT THE LEEWARD
AREAS FROM LAHAINA TO MAKENA AND THE WESTERN THIRD OF MOLOKAI.

KAUAI AND OAHU REMAIN DROUGHT-FREE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...
KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR HAS BEEN DECREASING BUT REMAINS ABOVE DROUGHT
LEVEL. HOWEVER...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IS
MAINTAINING A VOLUNTARY 10 PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER USE
AS A PRECAUTION.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JULY 11 UPDATE. THE STATE OF
HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JULY 11 UPDATE. WATER SUPPLY
LEVELS REMAIN SUFFICIENT FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI. HOWEVER...AS A
PRECAUTION...THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY CONTINUED TO
REQUEST A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS.
A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI
RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURE CONDITIONS HAVE DETERIORATED OVER THE PAST MONTH AND
RANCHERS IN THE SOUTH KOHALA...UPPER HAMAKUA AND LOWER SOUTH KONA
DISTRICTS HAVE BEEN DESTOCKING CATTLE AND INCREASING WATER HAULING
OPERATIONS. TREE GROWERS IN THE UPPER HAMAKUA DISTRICT HAVE ALSO
BEEN FORCED TO IRRIGATE TO KEEP SEEDLINGS ALIVE. IMPACTS WILL
LIKELY INCREASE OVER THE COMING WEEKS IF BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL
CONTINUES AS EXPECTED.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...THE EQUATORIAL
PACIFIC IS IN AN ENSO-NEUTRAL STATE...THOUGH THE ATMOSPHERE STILL
REFLECTS ASPECTS OF LA NINA.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JULY 21 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SUMMER AND EARLY FALL 2011. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
AUGUST 18.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR JULY
INDICATED THAT ALL OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ON THE BIG ISLAND WERE
AT BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ON THE
REMAINING ISLANDS WERE AT NEAR NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL FLOW LEVELS.
AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ACROSS THE STATE ARE EXPECTED TO DECREASE
OVERALL THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE DRY SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON SEPTEMBER 8
2011 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




LEEWARD BIG ISLAND AND MAUI COUNTY DROUGHT EXPECTED TO WORSEN OVER THE SUMMER

142 PM HST MON JUL 11 2011



SYNOPSIS...
THE EFFECTS OF SPRING RAINFALL CONTINUED TO PRODUCE IMPROVEMENTS IN
DROUGHT CONDITIONS OVER LEEWARD PORTIONS OF THE BIG ISLAND AND MAUI
COUNTY. THIS IMPROVEMENT TREND IS EXPECTED TO END AS DRIER AND
WARMER CONDITIONS TAKE HOLD DURING THE HEART OF THE 2011 DRY SEASON.

DURING THE MONTH OF JUNE...A POCKET OF SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2
CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...IMPROVED TO
MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CONDITIONS OVER THE POHAKULOA AREA OF THE
BIG ISLAND. HOWEVER...SEVERE DROUGHT PERSISTED OVER THE KAWAIHAE
AREA OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT. IMPROVEMENTS ALSO OCCURRED ALONG
THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF MAUNA LOA WHERE A LARGE SWATH OF MODERATE
DROUGHT WAS REMOVED.

MODERATE DROUGHT CONTINUE OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES OF MAUI FROM
LAHAINA TO MAKENA AND OVER THE WESTERN THIRD OF MOLOKAI.

KAUAI AND OAHU REMAIN DROUGHT-FREE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...
KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS WELL ABOVE DROUGHT LEVEL. HOWEVER...THE
STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IS MAINTAINING A VOLUNTARY
10 PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER USE AS A PRECAUTION.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JUNE 2 UPDATE. THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30 PERCENT
CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE JUNE 2 UPDATE. BY MAY...PASTURES
AND GENERAL VEGETATION FROM KAONOULU TO KAMAOLE NEAR KIHEI RECOVERED
ENOUGH TO SUPPORT CATTLE RANCHING OPERATIONS. DRYNESS PERSISTS OVER
THE LEEWARD SLOPES AND CONDITIONS MAY WORSEN HEADING INTO THE HEART
OF THE DRY SEASON. THERE HAS BEEN AN INCREASE IN REPORTS OF AXIS
DEER ENCROACHMENTS INTO DEVELOPED AREAS NEAR WAILEA DUE TO FORAGE
DEGRADATION IN THE NORMAL RANGE LANDS. WATER SUPPLY LEVELS REMAIN
SUFFICIENT FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI. HOWEVER...AS A PRECAUTION...THE MAUI
COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY CONTINUED TO REQUEST A 5 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. A 10 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO
REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS IMPROVED IN EARLY JUNE
BUT NO ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED IN PAST COUPLE OF
WEEKS. IN FACT...THE MOST RECENT REPORTS HAVE INDICATED A DRYING
TREND OVER PORTIONS OF THE LEEWARD BIG ISLAND SLOPES ESPECIALLY IN
THE SOUTHERN KAU DISTRICT AND LOWER SLOPES OF THE SOUTH KOHALA
DISTRICT.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...THE EQUATORIAL
PACIFIC IS IN AN ENSO-NEUTRAL STATE...THOUGH THE ATMOSPHERE STILL
REFLECTS ASPECTS OF LA NINA.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON JUNE 16 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SUMMER AND EARLY FALL 2011. THE NEXT
LONG-LEAD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON
JULY 21.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR JUNE
INDICATED THAT ALL OF THE MONITORED STREAMS STATEWIDE WERE AT NEAR
NORMAL TO WELL ABOVE NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ACROSS
THE STATE ARE EXPECTED TO DECREASE OVERALL HEADING INTO THE HEART OF
THE DRY SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON AUGUST 4
2011 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




LATE WET SEASON RAINFALL HELPS EASE BIG ISLAND DROUGHT

650 AM HST THU JUN 2 2011


SYNOPSIS...
RAINFALL DURING APRIL AND EARLY MAY HELPED REDUCE AGRICULTURAL
DROUGHT CONDITIONS OVER PORTIONS OF THE LEEWARD BIG ISLAND SLOPES.
THIS HELPED KNOCK DOWN A STUBBORN POCKET OF EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3
CATEGORY CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...TO SEVERE
DROUGHT...OR D2 CONDITIONS OVER THE POHAKULOA AREA. THE BIG ISLAND
IS FINALLY FREE OF EXTREME DROUGHT WHICH HAS BEEN IN PLACE
CONTINUOUSLY SINCE JULY 7 2009. SEVERE DROUGHT ALSO PERSISTS NEAR
THE KAWAIHAE AREA OF THE SOUTH KOHALA DISTRICT. ELSEWHERE ON THE
BIG ISLAND...AREAS OF MODERATE DROUGHT...OR D1 CONDITIONS...CONTINUE
OVER PORTIONS OF THE LEEWARD SLOPES FROM THE NORTH KOHALA DISTRICT
TO KAU.

IN MAUI COUNTY...MODERATE DROUGHT CONTINUES OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES
FROM LAHAINA TO MAKENA AND OVER THE WESTERN THIRD OF MOLOKAI.

KAUAI AND OAHU REMAIN DROUGHT-FREE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...
KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. THE WATER SUPPLY IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR REMAINS WELL ABOVE DROUGHT LEVEL. HOWEVER...THE
STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IS MAINTAINING A 10
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER USE AS A PRECAUTION FOR THE DRY
SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE MAY 5 UPDATE. THE STATE OF HAWAII
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION FROM KAONOULU TO KAMAOLE NEAR KIHEI
HAVE RECOVERED ENOUGH TO SUPPORT CATTLE RANCHING OPERATIONS.
HOWEVER...DRYNESS PERSISTS OVER THE LEEWARD SLOPES AND CONDITIONS
MAY WORSEN HEADING INTO THE HEART OF THE DRY SEASON. THERE HAS BEEN
AN INCREASE IN REPORTS OF AXIS DEER ENCROACHMENTS INTO DEVELOPED
AREAS NEAR WAILEA DUE TO FORAGE DEGRADATION IN THE NORMAL RANGE
LANDS. WATER SUPPLY LEVELS REMAIN SUFFICIENT FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI.
HOWEVER...AS A PRECAUTION...THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER
SUPPLY CONTINUES TO REQUEST A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY
UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS. A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL
AND SOUTH MAUI RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINS IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN SLOWLY
IMPROVING OVER PORTIONS OF THE LEEWARD BIG ISLAND SLOPES.
HOWEVER...REPORTS FROM THE AGRICULTURE COMMUNITY SUGGEST THAT THIS
RECOVERY MAY BE SHORT-LIVED SINCE SOIL MOISTURE REMAINS POOR HEADING
DEEPER INTO THE DRY SEASON. ONE MAJOR CATTLE RANCHING OPERATION HAS
ALREADY STARTED DESTOCKING HERDS. ANOTHER COMPLICATION AFFECTING
THE UPSLOPE LEEWARD PASTURES IS AN INFESTATION OF FIREWEED WHICH HAS
REPLACED NORMAL LIVESTOCK GRASSES THAT WERE KILLED BY THE EXTREME TO
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS. FIREWEED IS POISONOUS TO CATTLE AND
ALSO POSES AN INCREASE IN FIRE RISK BECAUSE IT IS NOT GRAZED.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA IS
EXPECTED TO TRANSITION TO ENSO-NEUTRAL BY SUMMER 2011.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON MAY 19 BY THE NOAA
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SUMMER 2011. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD
OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON JUNE 16.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR MAY
INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ON KAUAI AND OAHU WERE
WELL ABOVE NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE MONITORED
STREAMS IN MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND WERE AT NORMAL TO BELOW
NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ACROSS THE STATE ARE
EXPECTED TO DECREASE OVERALL HEADING INTO THE DRY SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JULY 11
2011 OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$




AGRICULTURAL DROUGHT DECREASES IN MAUI COUNTY

910 AM HST THU MAY 5 2011



SYNOPSIS...
AGRICULTURE CONDITIONS HAVE RECOVERED ENOUGH FROM RAINFALL EARLIER
IN THE YEAR TO WARRANT AN IMPROVEMENT IN DROUGHT DEPICTION OVER
PORTIONS OF MAUI COUNTY. THUS...SEVERE DROUGHT...OR D2 CATEGORY
CONDITIONS ON THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP...HAS BEEN CHANGED TO
MODERATE DROUGHT...OR THE D1 CATEGORY...OVER SOUTHWEST MAUI FROM
KAONOULU TO KAMAOLE. MODERATE DROUGHT CONTINUES OVER LEEWARD WEST
MAUI AND WESTERN MOLOKAI BUT HAS BEEN ELIMINATED FROM LANAI.

ON THE BIG ISLAND...RAINFALL TOTALS INCREASED IN APRIL OVER THE
LEEWARD SLOPES BUT IT IS TOO SOON TO DETERMINE HOW MUCH IMPROVEMENT
WILL OCCUR OVER THE EXISTING DROUGHT AREAS. THIS INCLUDES A SMALL
POCKET OF EXTREME DROUGHT...OR D3 CONDITIONS...OVER THE POHAKULOA
AREA...AND SURROUNDING D2 CONDITIONS EXTENDING NORTHWEST TO WAIKOLOA
AND SOUTHEAST TO MAUNA LOA. MODERATE DROUGHT ALSO CONTINUES OVER
LEEWARD KOHALA...THE KAU DISTRICT AND PORTIONS OF THE NORTH AND
SOUTH KONA DISTRICTS.

KAUAI AND OAHU REMAIN IN GOOD CONDITION WITH NO AREAS OF DROUGHT
DEPICTED IN THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

KAUAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

OAHU.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT. WATER SUPPLY IN THE
WAIMANALO RESERVOIR IS WELL ABOVE DROUGHT LEVEL. HOWEVER...THE
STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IS MAINTAINING A 10
PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER USE AS A PRECAUTION HEADING INTO
THE DRY SEASON.

MOLOKAI.
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES SINCE THE APRIL 7 UPDATE. WATER LEVELS IN
THE KUALAPUU RESERVOIR REMAINED RELATIVELY STEADY DURING THE PAST
MONTH. THUS...THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS
KEPT IN PLACE THE MANDATORY 30 PERCENT CUTBACK IN IRRIGATION WATER
CONSUMPTION.

LANAI.
THERE WERE NO DROUGHT IMPACTS TO REPORT.

MAUI.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION FROM KAONOULU TO KAMAOLE NEAR KIHEI
HAVE RECOVERED ENOUGH TO SUPPORT CATTLE RANCHING OPERATIONS. WATER
SUPPLY LEVELS REMAIN SUFFICIENT FOR UPCOUNTRY MAUI. HOWEVER...AS A
PRECAUTION...THE MAUI COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF WATER SUPPLY CONTINUED TO
REQUEST A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY UPCOUNTRY RESIDENTS.
A 10 PERCENT REDUCTION IN WATER USE BY CENTRAL AND SOUTH MAUI
RESIDENTS ALSO REMAINED IN EFFECT.

BIG ISLAND.
PASTURES AND GENERAL VEGETATION CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN SLOWLY
IMPROVING OVER THE LEEWARD KOHALA AND NORTH KONA DISTRICT SLOPES.
HOWEVER...CHANGES TO THE EXISTING DROUGHT CATEGORY AS SUMMARIZED
ABOVE WILL NOT BE MADE PENDING THE RECEIPT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
ON GROUND CONDITIONS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...LA NINA CONTINUES
TO WEAKEN. LA NINA IS AN ANOMALOUS COOLING OF SEA SURFACE
TEMPERATURES IN THE EQUATORIAL REGION OF THE PACIFIC. ENSO-NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED BY SUMMER 2011.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE LONG-LEAD HAWAIIAN ISLANDS OUTLOOK ISSUED ON APRIL 21 BY THE
NOAA CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATED THAT PROBABILITIES FAVORED
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION THROUGH SPRING 2011. THE NEXT LONG-LEAD
OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON MAY 19.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MONTHLY STREAM FLOW AVERAGES FOR APRIL
INDICATED THAT MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS ON KAUAI AND OAHU WERE
AT NEAR NORMAL FLOW LEVELS. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE MONITORED STREAMS
IN MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG ISLAND WERE AT WELL BELOW NORMAL FLOW
LEVELS. AVERAGE FLOW LEVELS ACROSS THE STATE ARE EXPECTED TO
DECREASE OVERALL HEADING INTO THE DRY SEASON.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON JUNE 2 2011
OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN
CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS/

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML
HAWAII DROUGHT MONITOR...WWW.HAWAIIDROUGHT.COM
USGS HAWAII - RECENT CONDITIONS...HI.WATER.USGS.GOV/RECENT/INDEX.HTML
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG-LEAD HAWAII OUTLOOK...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/PREDICTIONS/90DAY/FXHW40.HTML

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
INFORMATION FOR THIS PRODUCT WAS COMPILED FROM A NUMBER OF SOURCES
INCLUDING THE COUNTY BOARDS AND DEPARTMENTS OF WATER SUPPLY...U.S.
AND STATE OF HAWAII AGRICULTURE AGENCIES...THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY AND THE MEDIA.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT
INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...

KEVIN KODAMA
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2525 CORREA RD. SUITE 250
HONOLULU HI 96822
PHONE...808-973-5276
KEVIN.KODAMA@NOAA.GOV

$$