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2008 Tropical Cyclones Central North Pacific

2008 Tropical Cyclones Central North Pacific

Jeff Powell


TABLE OF CONTENTS


TROPICAL STORM KIKA
7-12 August 2008

OVERVIEW. Tropical Depression (TD) 1-C formed far southeast of the main Hawaiian Islands, near 10N 147W, within a small area of convection tracked as Invest 92C since 4 Aug. This system developed sufficiently to warrant a first Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) bulletin at 0300 UTC 7 Aug, with an initial position at 10.3N 146.9W and an initial strength of 30 kt. Movement was generally towards the west within 27C sea surface temperatures (SST) and weak shear (around 6-8 kt). After achieving nominal tropical storm (TS) strength as Kika with the second bulletin at 0900 UTC 7 Aug, movement continued toward the west with no additional strengthening. TS Kika was not a well-organized system when, between the 1500 UTC and 2100 UTC 8 Aug bulletins, the system center reformed 90 to 100 miles to the south as noted in first visible imagery that day. Since this new position was separated from associated deep convection, Kika was downgraded to a depression with the 2100 UTC 8 Aug bulletin issuance. Subsequently moving towards the west at 10 to 15 kt, Kika slowly regained strength and was upgraded to a TS again with the 0900 UTC 9 Aug bulletin issuance. TS Kika continued moving toward the west, within 26.5C to 27.0C SSTs and less than 10 kt of shear. Shear across the system began to relax as Kika began to move over slightly cooler water south of the main Hawaiian Islands over the next few days, keeping Kika at minimal TS strength through 2100 UTC 10 Aug. Convection, always fluctuating in intensity, lost sufficient organization to prompt the final downgrading of Kika to a TD at 0300 UTC 11 Aug while this system was about 900 miles southwest of the main Hawaiian Islands. Kika continued to weaken within steadily increasing shear, with the last CPHC bulletin issued at 0900 UTC 12 Aug. The remnants of Kika crossed the dateline out of the CPHC area of responsibility around 0000 UTC 14 Aug and became too weak for CPHC to classify after 1200 UTC 14 Aug.

SYNOPTIC HISTORY. When the first CPHC bulletins were issued for TD 01C, then TS Kika, a strong high northeast of the main Hawaiian Islands and a ridge extending to the west of the high provided deep easterly trade wind steering flow. UW-CIMMS assessed favorable system development based on about 8 kt of southeasterly shear. Initial forecasts were for gradual system strengthening to 45 kt by 120 hours. Little change was expected with the strength and orientation of the ridge and, indeed, little change occurred. Shear remained in the 6 to 8 kt range, with favorable development conditions assessed by UW-CIMMS, as the system center reformed between 1500 UTC and 2100 UTC 8 Aug. Convection was persistent around the initial low level circulation center (LLCC) from TD designation through this reformation. After center reformation, convection was initially robust but began fluctuating within 24 hours after the shift. Shear decreased to 4 kt or less after 1200 UTC 9 Aug, increasing back into the 6 to 8 kt range after 1800 UTC 10 Aug. In short, Kika passed over 26.5 to 27.0C water through its lifecycle, with fluctuating but always favorable shear, yet could not sustain enough deep convection long enough after 2100 UTC 8 Aug to develop beyond minimal TS strength.

IMPACTS. There were no impacts since TS Kika, never a large system, passed well south of the main Hawaiian Islands.

Table 1. Best Track Data

Date/Time
(UTC)
Latitude
(°N)
Longitude
(°W)
Pressure
(mb)
Wind Speed
(kt)
Stage/Notes
05/120010.2140.7100920Disturbance
05/18009.8141.8101020"
06/00009.7142.5100825"
06/06009.9143.6101125"
06/120010.1144.8101125"
06/180010.1145.9101125"
07/000010.2146.3101030Tropical Depression
07/060010.4147.2100835Tropical Storm
07/120010.6147.9100835"
07/180011.0149.3100735"
08/000011.2150.6100735"
08/060011.3151.6100835"
08/12009.9152.4100835"
08/18009.6153.4101030Tropical Depression
09/00009.8154.6101030"
09/060010.0155.9100835Tropical Storm
09/120010.1157.2100835"
09/180010.2158.2100835"
10/000010.2159.3100835"
10/060010.0160.3100835"
10/12009.8161.5100935"
10/18009.8162.4100935"
11/000010.1164.2101030Tropical Depression
11/060010.3165.6101030"
11/120010.4166.9101030"
11/180010.7168.2101030"
12/000010.8169.6101125"
12/060011.0170.4101125"
12/120011.0171.5101125Disturbance
12/180011.0172.8101125"
13/000010.9174.2101125"
13/060010.9175.3101125"
13/120010.9176.6101025"
13/180011.0177.8101125"
14/000010.6179.3101125"
14/060010.0179.4E101120Tropical Depression
14/12009.6178.0E101120"
14/18009.5176.6E101120"
15/00009.4175.1E101120"
15/06009.4174.4E101120"
15/12009.3173.7E101120"
15/18009.1173.0E101015Disturbance
16/00009.1172.3E101015Tropical Depression
16/06009.1171.4E101015"

Table 2. Track Verification Table entries are track forecast errors, measured in nautical miles. Values in parentheses indicate the number of forecasts. Values in bold represent guidance forecast errors equal to or less than the office CPHC forecast.

Forecast12-hr24-hr36-hr48-hr72-hr96-hr120-hr
CPHC42 (20)61 (18)79 (16)102 (14)156 (10)220 (6)248 (2)
CLP547 (20)77 (18)102 (16)119 (14)187 (10)275 (6)307 (2)
BAMD37 (20)62 (18)90 (16)121 (14)194 (10)295 (6)321 (2)
BAMM40 (19)55 (17)79 (15)106 (13)154(9)228 (5)216 (2)
BAMS42 (19)66 (17)93 (15)122 (13)190 (9)288 (5)331 (2)
GFDL40 (19)58 (17)71 (15)97 (14)176 (10)256 (6)325 (2)
AVNO57 (17)68 (17)79 (16)98 (14)124 (10)160 (6)n/a
NOGAPS116 (1)123 (1)196 (1)283 (1)385 (1)n/an/a

Image 1. TS Kika 2125 UTC 10 Aug 2008
Visible image at 2125 UTC Aug 10

ACRONYMS that may have been used in this report.
Acronym Full Spelling/Definition
AORArea of Responsibility
AVNOOperation global forecast system model
BAMDDeep Layer Beta Advection Model (mean layer averaged between 850 hPa and 250 hPa)
BAMMMedium Layer Beta Advection Model (mean layer averaged between 850 hPa and 400 hPa)
BAMSShallow Layer Beta Advection Model (mean layer averaged between 850 hPa and 700 hPa)
CLIPClimatology and Persistence
CPHCCentral Pacific Hurricane Center
GFDLGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory model
hPaHectopascal (formerly millibar)
ITCZInter-tropical Convergence Zone
JTWCJoint Typhoon Warning Center
ktsknots
LBARBarotropic limited area sine transform
mbmillibars
NANot Available
NGPSNOGAPS (Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System) Vortex Tracking Routine
NHCNational Hurricane Center
nmnautical miles
P91EPacific Statistical Dynamic Model (adapted from NHC90 for the Eastern Pacific)
SHIFRStatistical Hurricane Intensity Forecast
SHIPStatistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction
SSTSea Surface Temperature
TDTropical Depression
TPCTropical Prediction Center, Miami, FL
TUTTTropical Upper Tropospheric Trough
UTCUniversal Time Coordinated
WFOWeather Forecast Office